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Gramática

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bik7or's version from 2015-10-13 16:21

Estructura oraciones

Question Answer
estructura oración afirmativaSujeto + verbo principal + complementos
estructura oración negativaSujeto + auxiliar de negación + verbo principal (inf) + complementos
estructura oración interrogativaparticula interrogativa + Auxiliar + sujeto + verbo principal + complementos
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60 common mistakes

Question Answer
fallo; Everyday, he gets up earlycorrecto; Every day, he gets up early (everyday es un adjetivo. every day, adverbio)
The weather is unstable here.The weather is unpredictable here.
This is a scene describing a natural disasterThis is a scene showing a natural disaster.
He was wearing a long pants.He was wearing a pair of long pants.
They seems to be happy.They seem to be happy.
I would do something indoor.I would do something indoors
I stayed in the washroom for 30 minutes. Hopefully my body will be dry by then.I stayed in the washroom for 30 minutes. Hopefully my body would be dry by then.
There were eyes looking at me.There were people/persons looking at me.
... to switch the fan to a higher volume... to switch the fan's knob to a cooler position.
From time to time loud crushes ...From time to time loud crashes ...
I could see the asian house.I could see the ancient house.
I saw a human feature.I saw a human figure
... intent on getting there revenge.... intent on getting their revenge.
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Phrasal verbs

Question Answer
give awayregalar
get onllevarse
get on wellllevarse bien
Blow upexplotar
Break intoentrar a robar
Bring upplantear
Call offcancelar
Figure outexplicarse
Fill outcumplimentar
Find outEnterarse
Give backdevolver
Get byapañarse
Hand inentregar en mano
Hold upretrasar
Look forbuscar
Look intoinvestigar
Leave outdejar fuera, omitir
Look overexaminar
Look upconsultar (diccionario, lista)
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FIRST

Question Answer
sinceis used with a perfect tense
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Test

Question Answer
to ASK somebody TO do somethingpedirle a alguien que haga algo
to ASK somebody FOR somethingpedirle algo a alguien Ex. 34 Asking FOR something
May / might para pedir permisosolo 1ª persona, Nunca; may you..?
many / muchhow many (cuantos) , how much (cuanto) , es SIEMPRE IGUAL que en castellano salvo; MANY PEOPLE, THANK you very MUCH
everybody, everything, everyone, everywhere...singular!! everybody IS always complaining about the weather
peopleplural siempre ; many people, people are
nobody, nothing...singular, nobody was
atlugares concretos ; AT the end of this street
how... !!solo con adjetivos ; How silly that girl is ! , nunca How a !
what !! o what a !!con nombres (pueden ir con adjetivos) ej, what a pity!!!
to MAKE somebody DO somethingexcepción, 2º verbo en inf sin TO
let me use your carexcepción, 2º verbo en inf sin TO
I saw the girl fall in the street2º verbo en inf sin TO
No existe plural desheep, fish, aircraft, furniture (sing piece of furniture) , teeth (dentadura), ADVICE (consejo), news (es singular)
To (inf) + -ingTo be used To -ing, To get used to -ing, to be looking forward -ing, when it comes to -ing
both , neither ,either, none, allboth (plural) , neither y either (singular) , none (plural) , all (plural) ; neither is, none are, both are, all are
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Question Answer
I used to (solía)verbo modal seguido de inf sin to
ought to (debería) y used to (solía)son los únicos modales que van con To
thinking ofmás definitivo que thinking about , el cual es una decisión mas pensada, para números es thinking of, no tiene sentido pensar si el numero es grande, tiene una forma alargada...La respuesta del ejercicio es más bien THINKING OF porque es una determinación muy radical... mas una decisión que una contemplaión.
excepcion to make someobody DO somethingYou made me love you. I didnt want to do it." it´s an old blues song
good advicebuenos consejos, advice siempre singular
WOULD RATHERpreferiría (+ inf sin to) = a woud prefer pero este va seguido de inf con To o gerundio
HAD BETTERsería mejor que ( + INF SIN TO)
loud y noisysim ; alto, ruidoso
plenty OFtiempo de sobra
AT the endal final de..., AT the end of the street / in the end ; finalmente
In the endfinalmente , but IN the end he wasn't able to find time
so as to = in order topara
a tree grows, but a childgrows up
what is your flat..look like?
trip y journeyviaje, travel es viajar
I took my car to the mechanicto have it repaired, es igual que I'm going to have my hair done, no te lo vas a cortar ni arreglar tu mismo
more and morecada vez mas
hardly va con formas de any (anything, anyone, anybody )significa apenas
almost va con formas de every (everyone , everything, everybody )significa casi todos
willing to do somethingestar dispuesto a hacer algo
para decir tan; so o such, SOcon adjetivos (sin nombre) ; so stupid (tan estupido)
para decir tan; so o such, SUCHcon nombres, con o sin adjetivo ; such a stupid story
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Question Answer
neitheres negativo (ni, tampoco, ninguno) si la frase es negativa no puede llevarlo (no pueden ir nunca dos negativos)
hay palabras que parecen plural pero no lo son(news, series, means)
caso posesivocuando la propiedad es de algien se añade 's despues del nombre, si hay varios poseedores solo se pone en el ultimo (Mary and Pete's brother), solo se pone apostrofe en palabras que acaben en S, the butcher's, the baker's, cuandio el poseedor es un objeto se pone of (the walls of my house)
some, any, no, everypronombres indefinidos, van siempre en singular (somebody is, anyone is......)
a, an, no se utiliza delante de las palabrasbreakfast, lunch, tea, super..excepto si van precedidas de un adjetivo (we have lunch..)
another y otheranother va seguido de sustantivos en singular,o de another few; y other va seguido de sus en plural salvo cuando va precedido de ''the'' (the other)
for y duringDURANTE, (for tambien puede ser desde hace), for con durante va seguido de un periodo de tiempo (for two years) , mientras que during va seguido de un sustantivo (during the film)
By(By the time) no más tarde de, By friday, no mas tarde del Viernes
verbos que no se utilizan en formas continuas (con el aux to have)like,know,understand, be, want, believe, recognize, suppose, remember, forget,realize, imagine, love, hate, prefer, own, contain, include, cost, weigh, sound, appear, seem, need
verbos seguidos de infinitivo sin toauxiliares (excepto need to y ought to) , y algunos verbos como; feel ,let , hear , see , make....
sugerenciaslet's go to the cinema!, why don´t we go to the cinema!, How about going to the cinema!, he suggested us going to the cinema
no se utiliza el articulo determinado en pronombres posesivosthis old house is mine (nunca this old house is the mine)
neither.. nor (ni, ni)either...or (o,o)
if only y wish(deseo, pienso), if only es igual que wish pero más enfático, wish e if only en pasado simple (deseo de que algo fuera diferente en el presente y en el futuro), wish + pasado perfecto (para expresar deseo de que algo hubiera ocurrido en el pasado), I wish, I had met him before, wish + would + base del verbo, para referirse al futuro diciendo q quieres q cambiara, o cuando dos sujetos tienen opiniones encontradas ( I wish they would give me an opportunity, nunca I wish I would)
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