Grade 9 Vocab Study . Sem 2

schoolstudycanada's version from 2016-06-22 21:18


Question Answer
ThemeStatement of the central idea of a work/short story/text/movie. Usually implied rather than directly stated.
Fairy TaleFantasy story written primarly for hildren and frequently about princeses, princes, witches with supernatural powers
IronyDramatic device that creates a contrast for a descrepency between what is said and what is meant or between expectation and reality
Dramatic IronyOccurs when writer reveals somthing important
Situational IronyAccurs when what actually happens is different/oposite from what is expected
Verbal IronyOccurs when a character says one thing literally but really means something else
MoralThe implied or stated lesson of a story [Format: state moral, explain]
ConflictThe conflict in a short story, may involve a problem or facing a challenge. 3 types of conflict: Person Vs Person, Person Vs Nature, Person Vs Self.
SuspenseThis is the element that keeps the reader on edge and makes the reader anxious to continue and discover what will happen. Details in a story that may contribute to suspense may be: events/situations, things said by a char', aspects of setting
ApprehensiveUneasy or fearful about something that might happen
AttributeTo consider as a quality or characteristic of a person/thing
BarbarousUncivillized, wild, savage, crude
CondoneTo disregard or overlook
DebacleA general breakup or dispersion
DeliberateCarefully weighed or considered; Intentional
ImperativeAbsolutely nescerey or required
ImprudentLacking discretion, rash
Principal characters(protagonist)characters with whom the plot is chiefly concerned. They are the characters we attach ourselves to. A short story will seldom have more than two protagonists
Subordinate char'sA short story will/may have two or three sub' chars. Used to advance the plot, create incidents and to provide reasons for the actions of the main char'. Used for comic relief. Used merely as part of a crowd or mob sense.
Direct CharacterizationThe author directly and clearly states, the char traits of the char's
Indirect CharacterizationAuthor provides certain information and allows the reader to draw his own conclusions about the character traits of the character. eg: Characters name,appearance, words spoken, their actions
Plotis the series of events/indicident/s that outlines the protagonists conflict. The incident(s) usually move foreward with increasing interest and tension to a climax
ExpositionThe opening situation of a story. Often includes an introduction to the main character/s and an awareness of the story's setting. Might also include a hint or glimpse of the story's main conflict or challenge.
Rising actionThe complications/difficulties which arise. Basic problems/conflicts are described along with complementing incidents/obstacles
ClimaxTurning point/most exiting point of the story in which the protagonist makes a decision or takes action. This often represents victory or defeat for the protagonist
ResolutionIs often very short. Involves a brief summary of the "fall out" of the events in the story. Summarizes what happens after the climax. Sometimes includes unexpected twist, that surprises the reader
Alliterationa repetition of initial constant sounds
Allusionan indirect reference to a familliar figure, place, or event that is known from literature
Clicheexpressions that become very popular and overused
Concrete Poetryverse in which the way the words appear on the page increases the emphasis of the poem
Conflictstruggle or contest
Dialoguespeech between characters
Dictationthe manner of expressing ideas in words
External Conflictconflict between peopl. animals. nature or the supernatural
Foreshadowingclues that hint at what is going to happen later in the plot
Imageryan appeal to the readers senses through descriptive language
Idioma widely used expression that is not meant to be taken literally
Ironyan expression in which the intended meaning is hidden and waht is said is usually the oposite of that its meant.
Literal meaningthe obvious or surface meaning
Metaphora type or imagery, a comparison in which the words "like" or "as" are not used
Moodthe amosphere/ emotion/ feeling created in literature
Narrative Poema poem that tells a story
Onomatopeiasound word
Personificationa type of metaphor, the comparison of a non-living to a living
Satirethe ridiculing of human behavior
Suspensethe creation of tension
Themethe central idea of any work of literature
Tonethe attitude a writer expresses toward his/her subject

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