GOVT 2306 EXAM 3 Review

michaeledwards1991's version from 2016-04-04 04:28


Question Answer
What are "local trial courts" in Texas?Municipal and Justice of the Peace (JP) courts. (Municipal - zoning requirements, fire safety, litter laws, etc. JP - misdemeanors, civil matters of $200 or LESS)
What is Judicial Federalism?Judicial authority is shared between levels of government.
How many grand jurors does it take to indict on a criminal case??
What are the characteristics of district courts in Texas?State level trial courts. Every county has at least 1 district court. There are 458 total district courts. Sees cases involving $200 or more.
What are the two highest appellate courts in Texas?Supreme Court of Texas; Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
Are Texas judges elected or appointed?Elected.
What is the "Robin Hood" plan in Texas school financing?Method of providing equal financing for all public schools. Takes money from the richer school districts and gives to the poorer districts.
What are the consequences of rising costs in education in Texas??
Define criminal cases.A case in which an individual is charged by the state with violating the law and the state brings the suit.
Define civil cases.A case in which an aggrieved party sues for damages claiming that he or she has been wronged by another individual.
Define plaintiff.The party claiming to have been wronged that is bringing a civil suit.
Define defendant.A person accused of a crime in criminal prosecution or a person who some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
Define compensatory damages.Monetary damages designed to compensate the injured party.
Define capital felony.Felony punishable by death or life without parole.
What is the ORIGINAL JURISDICTION of Texas District Courts?District courts have original jurisdiction in felony criminal cases, divorce cases, cases involving title to land, election contest cases, civil matters in which the amount of money or damages involved is $200 or more, and any matters in which jurisdiction is not placed in another trial court.
A "Preponderance of Evidence" is required in what kind of case?Civil.
When ObamaCare (Affordable Care Act) was passed, what was the state of health insurance in Texas??
Define Medicare and Medicaid.Medicare - Federal health insurance program for senior citizens who have worked and paid into medicare system for 10+ years. Medicaid - Federal program providing medical coverage for low-income people and some elderly and disabled people.
Who is considered the "Father of Texas education"?President Mirabeau B. Lamars
What policy did Governor Alan Shivers push in the 1950s??
The Edgewood v. Kirby case focused on what issue?Public school funding.
What did the Texas Supreme Court decide in 1989 about the school funding?Established and equalized wealth system between schools and a process for redistributing money between districts.
When did the Texas Legislature mandate a state-wide curriculum for all public schools in Texas?1981
When was the Gilmer-Akin Act passed to create a modern education system in Texas?1949
What US Supreme Court case DESEGREGATED public schools?Brown v. Board of Education
Where does most of the money come from to run Texas public schools?Local property taxes.
What are the conditions for receiving TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families)?Must stay free of alcohol or drug abuse, seek and maintain employment, ensure that children are attending school, and take part in parenting and other programs if asked.
What case set up the so-called Robin Hood plan for public school financing in Texas?Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
What universities are funded with the PUF (Permanent University Fund)?University of Texas, Texas A&M
What was the Hopwood v. Texas case about?Ruled that race-based admission into higher education was unconstitutional.
What is the "Texas Castle doctrine"?States that you can use force to defend yourself from an unlawful intruder. (The king of his castle doesn't have to flee his castle before defending it)
What geographic area do MOST executions occur in the US?South.
Why do most Texans support the death penalty?Texans have a strong sense of right and wrong and are deeply attached to the idea of the death penalty as a deserved punishment.
What is a CAPITAL MURDER CASE in Texas law??
Why is the death penalty more expensive than other cases?$2.3 million for the average death penalty case, $750,000 to imprison someone in a single cell for 40 years.
What TWO methods has Texas used for executions in modern times?Electrocution and lethal injection.
Why do Texans RESIST changes in their judicial system??
The Texas Justice System is dominated by what group of citizens??
Why do incumbent judges have an advantage over newcomers?They usually run unopposed because they tend to win reelection.
Where does the US rank in incarcerations per capita in the world??
What is Judicial Federalism?Judicial authority is shared between levels of government.
What type of crime would be most likely to get rehabilitation over incarceration?Non-violent.
What is the primary motive for rehabilitation over incarceration?Saves money because keeping someone in prison is expensive.
Define Recidivism.A return to crime after release from prison.
What influence does the "Frontier Justice" of the 1800s have in Texas?Texans like retribution.
When is INDIVIDUAL ACTION of killing someone without consequences most likely to be upheld??
Are executions increasing or decreasing in Texas?Decreasing.
What % of the time did the TEXAS SUPREME COURT rule in favor of corporate interests in the last 15 years??
Define "RETRIBUTION".Punishment for a criminal act.

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