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Government Test 2

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danessa's version from 2016-03-02 02:57

Section 1

Question Answer
Unit Ruleelectors follow party lines
Faithless Electorelectors vote not by party but however they want
District PlanNebraska & Maine only 2 states that have split-ticket voting
memorize

Obstacles that limit black voters in Texas

Question Answer
White Primarywhite voters only
Poll Taxeliminated by the 24th amend.
Literacy Testended by the Voting Rights Act of 1965
Grandfather Clauseended by Guinn vs. U.S.
Nixon vs. Herndon; Nixon vs. Condonfought to end all white primaries
Smith vs. Allwrightended all white primaries in U.S.
Shelby County (Al) vs. Holderpreclearance required
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Suffrageright to vote
Enfranchisegrant the right to vote
Disenfranchisedenial of voting rights
memorize

Forms of political participation

Question Answer
Votingmost common form of participation
Campaigninggive money to candidate, door-to-door, etc..
Following & Discussing Politics3 out of 5 people do this
Protestswithin and beyond the law
memorize

Texas voter qualifications

Question Answer
Age18 years old (26th amend)
Residencymust be resident for 30 days before election
Absentee Voteout of town vote
Paroleconvicts can vote on parole
memorize

Texas Voter Turnout

Question Answer
48thout of 50; bad
Populationyoung population has low turnout
Minoritiesdo not vote as often
memorize

Elections

Question Answer
Primariespolitical parties nominate candidates for general election
Generalpresidential election held in November
Closed Primarycan only vote Dem. or Rep.
Open Primarycan vote across party lines
Modified OpenTx;
Special Electionwhen someone dies; to fill a vacancy
memorize

Texas Does Not Have These (on state level)

Question Answer
Recall ElectionEx: CA 2003- Gov. Gray Davis- Arnold Schwarzenegger
Initiativevoters petition for law- Ex: CA medical marijuana
Referendumvoters petition to eliminate law- Ex: gay marriage, health care, or affirmative action
memorize

Interest Groups

Question Answer
Interest Groupsorganization of people with shared interests
Economic Interestworkers join unions
Social InterestEx: NRA, MADD
memorize

Incentives to Join Interest Groups

Question Answer
Materialmoney
Solidarysocial benefits
Purposivesense of purpose
memorize

Strengths of Interest Groups

Question Answer
Size of Membership10-12 million
Financial Resourcesmoney to get things done
Scope of OperationsEx: local and national levels
memorize