Government Political Parties

danessa's version from 2015-10-07 03:14

Section 1

Question Answer
Political Organizationsparties & interest groups created to function as intermediates for people & their govt
Political Partiesorganizations that seek to achieve power by winning public office
Interest Groupsconcerned with public policy; involved in elections only to push those policies

Section 2

Question Answer
Majorityelection by more than 50 % of all votes cast in election
Pluralityelection by at least one more vote than other candidate
Majority Vote50% + 1 vote
Plurality Votemembers of Congress voted in position by this method
Plurality Electionwinner take all

Section 3

Question Answer
Closed Primariescan only vote for your party affiliation
Open Primariescan vote for either party
Runoff Primariestop 2 candidates run against each other

Section 4

Question Answer
Stateswrites election laws
270number of electorial college votes needed to become president
Brokerage Partywill tell you whatever it takes to win
Ideological Partywill always say this is how it is - if you don't like it find another party

Section 5

Question Answer
Down's Theorywill be toward middle of issues
Duverger's Lawwhy 2 parties?
Duverger's Lawthere are 2 types of effects
Mechanicaltype of election
Psychologicalvoter & candidate
Riker Modelminimum winning coalition
Axelrod Modelcoalition will fall apart

Section 6

Question Answer
Peter Maircalls 2 parties "cartel parties"
Prewitt & Verba 4 characteristics of American Parties
4 Characteristics of American Partiesthey are decentralized
4 Characteristics of American Partiesnot extremely ideological
4 Characteristics of American Partiesthey receive support from variety of social groups
4 Characteristics of American Partiesthey don't organize govt. the same way European parties do

Section 7

Question Answer
Proportional Representationmost other democratic nations elect their representatives on this basis
PR SystemPrime Minister chosen by winning party
PR Systemeach party represented in legislative branch in proportion to its % of popular vote (threshold)
PR Systemsystem encourages the development of numerous parties
List Systemhow the PR System makes seats

Section 8

Question Answer
Suffragethe right to vote
Coalitionstemporary alliance of political parties
Federalists & Republicansthe 1st two parties
Whigsformed to oppose Jackson, who they thought governed like a king; opposed Democratic party

Section 9

Question Answer
1820nominations began to emerge
1824Jefferson Republicans would evolve into Democratic party
18281st mass election
1834Whigs formed to oppose Jackson
1854Republican party formed
1856Whigs split over slavery

Section 10

Question Answer
Electoral Realignmentsoccurs when new party replaces the ruling party
Realignmentsoccur every 30 years
Realignmentscaused by new voters & new issues
Critical Electionsanother name for Electoral Realignments
Critical Electionsproduce sharp change in voter loyalty among voter grouping

Section 11

Question Answer
4 Critical Elections1860, 1896, 1932, & 1968
1860issue was slavery
1896issue was bi-metalism (coin silver & inflation)
1932state / local govt vs federal govt
1968breakup of the Solid South
Bi-metalismcoin silver & create inflation
Breakup of the Solid Southwas mostly Democratic; became the Republican Party

Section 12

Question Answer
Ideological Partiespromote specific ideologies like American Socialist Party
Protest Partyarise in response to social problems & issues of popular concern that have not been addressed by major parties
Single-Issue Partyform around particular causes
Splinter Partiesformed by dissatisfied factions within major parties
Bolter Partiessplits from one of the major parties

Section 13

Question Answer
Iron Law of Oligarchycandidate found between moderate & extreme ends of issues
Split-Ticket Votingvoting across party lines
Straight-Ticket Votingvoting for 1 party all the way across the board
Party-In-The-Electoratedeals with voting / party id
Ticket Splittersvoting across party lines
Party-In-The-Governmentdeals with representative; party id
Party Organizationactive in the party

Section 14

Question Answer
Party Id# 1 determinate of how we vote
State of Mindvoting considered this
Media# 1 expense in a campaign
Self-Selectdecide to run for an office as opposed to being nominated
Partiesthey nominate candidates
Primaries: weakened control of whom is nominated
Question Answer
Caucuslisten to speeches; takes hours to narrow down candidates
Texas Two StepDem. in Texas have primaries & caucuses

Section 15

Question Answer
1994Republican Party won control of House & Senate for 1st time since 50's
Off-Year ElectionsCongress only gets voted on
On-Year ElectionsPresidential elections
Coat-tailsoccurs on on-year elections; whichever party wins presidency all other candidates of that party do well in their elections
Midterm Electionsoff-year elections; party of president will lose seats in Congress
Divided Governmentwhen 1 party controls presidency & 1 controls govt.
Divided Governmentex: Democratic president & Republican Congress

Section 16

Question Answer
Nebraskaonly state to have unicameral elections
George Washingtonwarned us of parties in his farewell address
Responsible Party Modelparties are essential to making govt responsive to public opinion
Responsible Party Modelparties should present clear programs to voters
Responsible Party Modelvoters should choose candidates according to party's programs
Responsible Party Modelwinning party should carry out its program once in office
Responsible Party Modelvoters should hold govt responsible at next election for executing its programs
Old Party Machinewhen you got off boat, you could vote, as long as you were white

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