Government Federalism

danessa's version from 2015-09-16 00:54

Section 1

Question Answer
Dual Federalism(layer cake) - from founding to 1930's; not shared powers
Cooperative Federalism(marble cake) - from 1930's to present; shared or concurrent powers
Unitary power shifts
Confederacy weak federal govt; states have power

Section 2

Question Answer
Federalismsystem of govt which power is divided by a constitution, between a central & regional govt
Anti-Federalistsfeared a strong national govt & pressed hardest for ratification of 10th Amend

Section 3

Question Answer
Reserved Powerspowers not specifically delegated to national govt or denied to states; derived from 10th Amend
Police Powersa given state has ability to develop & enforce criminal codes, administer health & safety codes, & regulate marriage & divorce laws
Concurrent Powerspowers shared by federal & state govt

Section 4

Question Answer
Full Faith & Credit Clauserequires that states normally honor the public acts & judicial decisions that take place in another state
Comity Clauseguarantees that all citizens from an outside state enjoy the "privileges & immunities" granted to all citizens of that state

Section 5

Question Answer
Conservativebelieves that states should control
Liberalbelieves that federal should control
New Federalism / Devolutionfederal govt turns programs over to the states

Section 6

Question Answer
Factionsgroups, parties
Great Depressionbrought shift to federal govt dominant
Federalistswanted strong national govt to protect life & property
Anti-Federalistsfeared strong national govt would destroy individual liberty

Section 7

Question Answer
Gibbons v Ogdenestablished federal supremacy over interstate commerce
States Rightsstate doesn't have to submit to national laws where national govt exceeds its authority
Southern Manifestosouthern states were not constitutionally bound by Supreme Court decisions outlawing racial segregation
1957- Little Rock, ArkansasSouthern Manifesto

Section 8

Question Answer
Grant-in-aidfunds provided by federal govt to state or local for specific purpose
Categorical Grantfor very specific project; a lot of strings attached
Block Grantgrant for general govt functions
Project Grantscompetitive
Formula Grantsbased on need

Section 9

Question Answer
Federal Preemptionprincipal that allows national govt to override state or local actions in certain policy areas
Federal Mandatesdirect federal orders to state & local govts
Unfunded Mandatesmandates which impose cost on state & local govt
Redistributive Programseconomic policies designed to control economy through taxing & spending; goal to benefit poor
1996Welfare turned over to states; became a block grant when that did not work

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