Government Constitution

danessa's version from 2015-09-10 00:20

Section 1

Question Answer
Stamp Actrequired Americans to pay for stamps attached to some 50 items
Sugar Acttrade duties on a number of foreign goods

Section 2

Question Answer
Principle Author of Declaration of IndependenceThomas Jefferson
Reliant Philosophy of Declaration of IndependenceJohn Locke (Social Contract Theory)
Declaration Of Independenceoutlines principles of govt & declares independence from England

Section 3

Question Answer
Major Premisepeople have right to revolt when govt is destructive
Minor Premiselong list of deliberate acts committed by king; illustrates destruction of govt's legitimate ends
Conclusionpeople have right to revolt

Section 4

Question Answer
Articles of Confederation1st constitutional govt; states have the power
International & Financial Crisisinability to tax, trade wars, & inflation
Articles of Confederation1777-1789; weak central govt; no president, only a legislature
Annapolis Convention1786; no one showed; agreed to meet in Philadelphia 1 yr later

Section 5

Question Answer
Shay's Rebellionmore likely to be imprisoned for debt than any other crime
MassachusettsDaniel Shays led rebellion of debtors
Shays' Rebelliondemonstated need for stronger govt

Section 6

Question Answer
Virginia Planpopulation
New Jersey Planequal representation
Connecticut Planlegislation by 2 chambers
Bi-camerallegislation by 2 chambers
Two Chamberssenate & house (by population)

Section 7

Question Answer
Three-Fifths Compromiseresolved issue of how to count slaves for purposes of representation
Most Hotly Contested Issuerepresentation
Constitutionalismgovt of laws, not of people
Constitutionalismthose who govern are restricted in their use of power by a higher law
Republicanismform of govt which power resides in the people & is exercised by elected officials
Federalismdivision of sovereignty & hence power among 2 or more govts

Section 8

Question Answer
Congresscontrols right to coin money
House 435 members; 100% up for reelection
House2 yr term; elected by people
Senate100 members; 1/3 up for reelection every 2 yrs
Senate6 yr term;
Judgesappointed by president with advice & consent of U.S. Senate

Section 9

Question Answer
Legislative BranchBi-cameral; House & Senate
Executive Branchpresident to be elected through an electorial college
Judicial Branchcreates the U.S. Supreme Court

Section 10

Question Answer
Checks & Balancesmeans of giving each branch some scrutiny & control over other branches
Electors chosen by a party; that is who votes in electorial college
Supremecy ClauseArticle 6; federal govt superior over state govt
Enumerated Powerspowers that are specifically stated in the Constitution
Judicial Reviewallows them to strike down the actions of the other 2 branches as being unconstitutional

Section 11

Question Answer
Article Ienumerated or delegated powers
Article IIcreates presidency
Article IIIcreates the U.S. Supreme Court
Article IVcivil acts of one state shall be recognized by all states (marriages, divorces, etc..)
Article VIestablishes laws & treaties of U.S. as supreme law of the land
Article IValso referred to as Full Faith & Credit

Section 12

Question Answer
Electorial College VotesHouse + Senate
Maine & Nebraskaonly 2 states that can split their e.c.v.
Winner Take All State Texas; 38 votes

Section 13

Question Answer
10th Amendment Reserve Power Clausethose powers not granted to federal govt are reserved for states & people respectively
Supremecy ClauseArticle 6; federal govt superior over state govt
17th Amendment changed how senators were chosen; from state legislatures to citizens
Necessary & Proper Clausesfederal govt has enumerated powers but also all powers to carry those out
Amendments27 since 1789
Federalismdivision of federal & state govts
PubliusMadison, Hamilton, & Jay; wrote the Constitution so that no govt had supreme power
McCullough v Maryland (1819)upholds the necessary & proper clause

Recent badges