Glossary of General PE Terms

dalryschool's version from 2015-11-06 16:55

National 4 and 5 Physical Education

On this page you will learn a glossary of terms for different aspects of PE. Good luck!

Glossary of Terms (A-C)


Question Answer
Agilitythe ability to change the direction of the body in an efficient and effective manner
Angerthe ability of a person to feel displeased and hostile, which, if uncontrolled, can affect decision-making and can lead to loss of self-control
Balancethe ability to retain the centre of gravity over the base of support; requires the control of different muscle groups
Codes of Conductthe guidelines that outline acceptable standards of behaviour for performers, officials and the crowd
Communicationthe ability to give and take on information
Concentrationthe ability to completely focus attention on something for a period of time
Control/Core Stabilitythe ability to move the body with confidence and steadiness
Co-ordinationthe ability to react quickly to stimuli

Glossary of Terms (D-E)


Question Answer
Decision-Makingthe ability to decide on the best course of action quickly
Depth in Attackplayers placed behind attackers, and with no forward movement possible, play can be passed back to supporting players who provide cover and create scoring opportunities
Depth in Defencesecond defender moves behind defender who is pressuring the ball to support them if they are beaten
Empathythe ability of a person to understand and share feelings of another person
Environment Factorsthe barriers to participation (cost, location, travel, access to facilities and seasonality of activity)
Ethicsthe moral principles used to guide sportspeople, coaches and referees on how to conduct themselves in sports
Etiquettethe expected code of behaviour from athletes in different activities

Glossary of Terms (F-L)


Question Answer
Fear the ability to feel the threat of danger or pain which can cause panic, stress, anxiety and nervousness and affect decision-making, confidence and ability to reach full potential
Flexibility/Supplenessthe ability to move joints through a full range of motions
Group Dynamicsthe ability to co-operate and contribute to the team or work in isolation to enhance the working of the team
Happiness/Sadnessthe ability to show pleasure and contentment or unhappiness and sorrow which can affect confidence, self-belief and ability to realise potential
Information Processingthe ability to separate essential and non-essential information during a performance
Kinaesthetic Awarenessthe internal feedback a performer has from feelings in muscles and joints and from his/her sense of balance as a direct result of carrying out a skill
Level of Arousalthe level of excitement and readiness of a performer to start the performance

Glossary of Terms (M-S)


Question Answer
Powerthe combination of speed and strength
Quality of Performancethe ability to move with accuracy, control and fluency
Reaction Time/Anticipationthe time between stimuli and muscular response
Routinea regular set of moves which makes up an action, practice or performance
Special Qualitiescharacteristics such as imagination, flair and creativity
Speedthe ability to move parts of body quickly in the most energy-efficient way
Strengththe ability to exert a force on an object while muscles contract (dynamic, explosive or static)
Supportwhen players make themselves available to team mates in order to back up a particular move or action
Surprisean unexpected action that affects decision-making, confidence, resilience and determination

Glossary of Terms (T-Z)


Question Answer
Tacticsa plan people make before starting to pay a game that takes into account the performers’ and/or the opponents’ strengths and weaknesses
Tempothe speed at which a game is played
Timingthe ability to perform a skill/action or movement at exactly the right time within a performance
Trusta firm belief in the reliability of someone or something which affects self and mutual respect, personal and group responsibility and adaptability
Width in Attackby placing attacking players across the pitch width this will cause opponents’ defenders to space out and so create more space to attack.
Width in Defenceby spreading defenders across the pitch width this will effectively cover all areas of the pitch when opponents have possession.

Recent badges