Global - Chapter 2

madamj2004's version from 2016-10-13 16:01


Question Answer
What is the three most populous countries in the worldChina, India and United States
What is the purpose of health metricsTo provide a metrics provide a foundation for evidence-based policy and practice
What are the eight feature countries that represent a range of world regionsUSA, South Korea, Poland, Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Sierra Leone
What are the key measures of health and disease in a populationBirth, Death rates, Causes of death (mortality), Morbidity rates,Causes of disease (morbidity) and disability, Risk factor rates
What makes measuring mortality of many populations difficultBirths and death may occur at home and is not recorded by the government
How are vital statistics measured in low income countriesOften it is by estimation
What makes different populations with different age structures comparableAge-adjusted rates
Which type of measurement, measure sudden, acute outbreaksIncidence
Which type of measurement , measure chronic long standing diseasePrevalence
What does it take for a disease to qualify as public health related interestIf a population has a high prevalence of modifiable risk factors for common diseases, these risk factors can be targeted


Question Answer
Whom classify the global burden of diseaseWorld Health Organization
What are the three main categories of diseaseCommunicable , Non communicable, Injuries
What other diseases / conditions are grouped with Communicable diseaseInfant health, maternal health (conditions related to pregnancy), and undernutrition
What other diseases / conditions are grouped with Non communicable diseaseMental Health / developmental disorders / neuropsychiatric conditions
Number one cause of disability in USAMental Health


Question Answer
Total death rate of a populationMortality
The study of the size and composition of human populationsDemography
Numerical collection of the number or birth and death of a countryVital Statistics
Presence of illness or diseaseMorbidity
The number of years the average person born into a population can expect to live without disabilityHealthy life expectancy
The number of new cases of disease; new cases / susceptible population over a particular time period)Incidence
The total cases of disease. Proportion of a population with the condition at a particular point in time or a particular time periodPrevalence
An estimate of the impact of disease, disability, and premature death on a populationBurden of disease
Infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites (TB, STDs, intestinal worms, meningitis, malaria, RI)Communicable Disease
Conditions that are not contagious, (heart, kidney, liver, DM, neuro, an psych disorders ) Non communicable Disease