Geri Exam 1

kylerigonan's version from 2016-01-23 07:07

Section 1

Question Answer
InfancyBirth to 1 / Basic trust vs mistrust / infants learn to either trust or not trust that significant others will properly care for their basic needs
toddler1 to 3 / Autonomy vs shame and doubt / children learn to be either self-sufficient in many actives (including toileting, feeding, walking, and talking) or doubt their own abilities
Preschool4 to 6 / initiative vs guilt / children want to undertake many adult-like activities, sometimes going beyond the limits set by parents and feeling guilty because of it
School Age7 to 11 / industry vs inferiority / children eagerly learn to be competent and productive or feel inferior and unable to do any task well
Adolescence12 to 19 / identity vs role confusion / adolescents try to figure out "Who am I?" They establish sexual ethnic, and career identities or are confused about what roles to play
Young adulthood20 to 44 / intimacy vs isolation / young adults seek companionship and love with another person or become isolated from others
Middle adulthood45 to 65 / generatively vs stagnation / middle-aged adults are productive, performing meaningful work and raising a family, or become stagnant and inactive
Late adulthood65+ / ego integrity vs despair / older adults try to make sense out of their lives, either seeing life as meaningful and whole or despairing at goals never reached and questions never answered

Stages of Family Development

Question Answer
engagement or commitment stagebegins when the couple acknowledges to themselves and others that they are considering marriage
establishment stageextends from the wedding up until birth of first child
expectant stagebegins with conception and continues through the pregnancy
parenthood stagebegins at birth or adoption of the first child
disengagement stageperiod of family life when the grown children depart from the home
senescence stage last stage of the life cycle and requires the individual to cope with a large range of changes.

Types of Families

Question Answer
Nuclear familyconsist or married man and woman and their children / lives in independent household
Extended familyconsists of nuclear plus additional family members living in same household / provides a sharing of responsibilities
Single-parent familymore common in recent years / typically one adult performs roles of two people
Blended (reconstituted) familyoccurs when adults from previous marriages remarry and combine children within new household
Social contract and cohabitation familymade up of man and woman living together without legal commitment but sharing roles and responsibilities
Homosexual familyinvolves homosexual partners living together with shared responsibilities
Adoptive familyconsists of usually traditional nuclear family members, husband, wife, and adoptive child
Grandfamilieschildren living in households headed by their grandparents / biological parents may or may not be involved in the child's care
Foster familyresponsible for care, supervision, and nurturing of children in their age