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Geography- Settlement

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kushagramodi56's version from 2015-04-17 11:51

Section

Question Answer
What is a settlementA place where people live
What are the elements to take into consideration when describing the site of an areaRelief, aspect, gradient, elevation
What are the elements to take into consideration when describing the situation of an areaThe position relative to surrounding relief, rivers, settlements and communications
Define dispersed areas Most settlements are farms, hamlets or small villages widely scattered
Define nucleated areasMost settlements are villages/ towns forming clusters of pop.
Define clustered areasLots of settlements close together
Define linear areasSettlements places along a route
Define open space areasSettlements located around an open area
Define loose knit areasSettlements randomly placed
Describe concentric urban modelsThe income of residents increases as distance from CBD increases. Pop. density decreases as distance from CBD increases. Housing age decreases as distance from CBD increases.
Define urbanisation The change from rural to urban areas
Define urban growthThe expansion of urban areas
Define renewalRefurbishment of existing houses to bring them up to standards
Define redevelopmentKnocking down old houses and building new houses
Define in situThe original location
Define peripheralOn the edge of an urban area
Define brownfieldSites that have already been built on
Define greenfieldSites that have never been built on
Define high order goodsGoods that aren't needed on a regular basis and are luxuries
Define low order goodsGoods that are needed on a regular basis and are necessities
Define thresholdThe minimum amount of people needed to keep a business open
Define rangeHow far one is willing to travel to purchase goods
What is the purpose for urban development corporationsAttempting to rescue the economy by using government money to attract workers and trigger private investments
What is urban sprawlThe physical outward growth of built environment into surrounding urban areas
Define gentrificationBrownfield sites that are redeveloped to house higher income residents
Describe concentric rural modelsThe income of the residents decreases as the distance from the CBD increases.
What are the advantages of growth in populationGreater labour force, greater urban market and greater economic output
What are the advantages of growth in populationHousing problems, congestion and overcrowding
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