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Geography Quiz

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lunifer's version from 2018-03-26 00:30

Section

actually this quiz might be better studied for with more note rewriting
but test your knowledge anyway because badges are my only source of validation

Four Types of Economic Systems

Hunting And Gathering

Question Answer
what is an economy?an economy is the exchanging of products and service for other products/money
people lived in hunting and gathering societies for the first ___________ years or so of human existence5 million years
what was the hunting and gathering system?ancient humans would hunt and gather food and materials they needed for themselves and their communities
in a hunting and gathering society, people could only hunt and gather "______ ______"immediate needs
in a hunting and gathering society, each person had a ____ to play in the community's _______role, success
several tasks a person in a hunting/gathering society would do included...capturing/preparing food, collecting water, clothes and shelter, etc
what did studies show about hunting and gather societies?people in hunting/gathering societies were happier than people in modern societies (more recreation time)
when did hunting and gathering societies start to fizzle out?when people started to accumulate long-tern supplies of foods or they wanted food not available in their area
what are two issues in hunting and gathering societies?tech and modern care, as things such as x-rays are not found in nature (lower life expectancy)
memorize

Traditional Economy

Question Answer
which economy is the foundation for all of the other economy types?traditional economy
what is traditional economy usually based on?farming and trading
describe a traditional economy scenario with foodone farmer grows potatoes, another grows tomatoes, at harvest time they trade so each farmer ends up with a variety of produce rather than just one type
traditional economies also work with _______services
describe a traditional economy scenario with servicesa doctor can exchange medical care for a farmer's food or a blacksmith's services
very little _____ is required in a traditional economymoney
most exchanges in a traditional economy are made by _____"bartering" (trading)
traditional economy still exists today, mostly in _________ or ____ world country2nd, 3rd
one __________ will never accumulate enough to be _______ compared to 1st world countries like canadacommunity, wealthy
traditional economies are at the mercy of ______ ________ events or _______ ________extreme weather events or natural disasters
traditional communities usually lack advanced _______ or __________medicine or technology
memorize

Command Economy

Question Answer
what is a command economy controlled by?a command economy is controlled by a central government
the idea of a command economy is rooted in ________communism
how does a communist government work?the government shares any profit among the citizens
describe a scenario of a communist countrya country would sell oil to its neighbours, then divide the profit among the citizens equally
what is the big flaw with command economies?it has never worked to the benefit of the people because the countries have leaders who keep more for themselves than they divide among the people
why do people lose motivation to work hard in a command economy?once they realize they are all payed equally regardless of effort, they will stop working hard because it doesn't benefit them
what situation does a command economy work best in?when a country has excellent natural resources that it can sell to other countries
memorize

Market Economy

Question Answer
the market economy is also known as ___________capitalism
the market economy is the opposite of the _____ _______command economy
how does a market economy work?people create jobs and financial success without any interference from the government
who does the market economy favour ?entrepreneurs (people who create their own businesses)
is there such thing as a truly free market economy?no
governments always have some ________ over the market economyinfluence
it is difficult to live in a capitalist society for people who are not ________ or _______wealthy or motivated
in a market economy, it is nearly ________ to catch up once you fall behind in the "_______________"impossible, race to the top
market communities are based off "_______ ____ _______"supply and demand
what is supply and demand?rare and hard to get = more valuable, common and easy to get = cheaper
memorize

Human Settlement

Question Answer
what is a settlement (based off other peoples' opinions)?to set up a permanent society, access/use resources, set up an economy, intend to expand
what should a settlement have (just list some)access to freshwater, universal healthcare, resources, fresh air, diversity, strong economy, fair government, education, peace, employment rate is high, etc
what shouldn't a settlement have (just list some)pollution, overpopulated, expensive to live in, poor economy, dangerous wildlife, isolated, poverty, poor healthcare, war, natural disasters
memorize