General skin conditions

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-09 01:53

Section 1

Question Answer
dermatosisgeneral term used to denote skin lesions or eruptions of any type that are not associated with inflammation
ichthyosisgroup of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened and scaly skin; caused by either the slowing of the skin's shedding process or by a rapid increase in the production of the skin's cells
lipedemapainful fat syndrome; chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in the tissues just under the skin of the hips and legs
systemic lupus erythematosuslupus;an autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk.; it also attacks the connective tissue in other body systems, especially joints
psoriasisa common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees,scalp,back or buttocks
rosaceaadult acne; characterized by tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels.
rhinophymabulbous nose; characterized by hyperplasia of the tissues of the nose and is associated with advanced rosacea
sclerodermaan autoimmune disorder in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened, causing the skin to become hard and swollen
urticariahives; itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction
xeroderma; excessively dry skin

Section 2

Question Answer
carbunclecluster of connected boils
cellulitisacute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection within the connective tissues that is characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth and red streaks
furunclesboils; large, tender, swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands
gangrenetissue necrosis; followed by bacterial invasion that causes putrefaction
putrefactiondecay that produces foul-smelling odors
impetigohighly contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
necrotizing fasciitisflesh-eating bacteria; group A strep bacteria that causes a serious infection if it enters the body through a skin wound
fasciitisinflammation of the fascia
pyodermaany acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo

Section 3

Question Answer
mycosisany abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
tinearingworm; a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails.
tinea capitisfound on the heads of children
tinea corporisfungal infection of the skin on the body
tinea curisjock itch; found in the genital area
tinea pedisathlete's foot; most commonly found between the toes
tinea versicolor; fungal infection that causes painless, discolored areas on the skin

Section 4

Question Answer
infestationthe dwelling of microscopic parasites on the external surface tissue
pediculosisinfestation of lice
pediculosis capitisinfestation of head lice
pedicolosis corporisinfestation of body lice
pedicolosis pubisinfestation of lice in the pubic hair and pubic region
scabiesskin infection caused by itch mites that create small, itchy bumps and blisters by burrowing into the skin to lay eggs
callusthickening of part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing
clavuscorn; a callus in the keratin layer of the skin covering the joints of the toes
cicatrixa normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
granulation tissuetissue that normally forms during the healing of a wound
granuloma a general term used to describe a small, knot-like swelling of granulation tissue in the epidermis
keloidan abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the original incision
keratosisterm used for any overgrowth and thickening of the skin
lipomabenign, slow-growing fatty tumor located between the skin and the muscle layer
nevusmole; small, dark skin growth that develops from melanocoytes in the skin
dysplastic neviatypical moles that can grow develop into cancer
papillomaa benign, superficial wart-like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body
polypgeneral term used to describe a mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane
skin tagssmall, flesh-colored or light-brown polyps that hang from the body by fine stalks

Section 5

Question Answer
skin cancerharmful, malignant growth on the skin
actinic keratosisprecancerous skin growth that occurs on sun-damaged skin;often looks like a red, tan or pink scaly patch and feels like sandpaper
basal cell carcinomamalignant tumor; slow growing and rarely spreads to other parts of the body
squamous cell carcinomamalignant tumor that can quickly spread to other body systems; begins as skin lesions that appear to be sores that will not heal or have a crusted look
malignant melanomaskin cancer of the melanocytes; the most serious type; first signs are changes in size, shape or color of a mole
burnan injury to body tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation
first-degree burnsuperficial burn; no blisters, superficial damage to the epidermis
second-degree burnpartial thickness burn; blisters, damage to the epidermis and dermis
third-degree burnfull thickness burn; damage to the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layers; and possibly also the muscle and bone below

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