Gen Ortho- Hyper + Hypomobility

taylormaloney's version from 2016-12-05 05:00

Section 1

Question Answer
Define HypermobilityAn increased degree of motion at a joint.
Where can this occur?At one/several joints, or throughout entire body.
The term hypermobility can be used to classify what ranges of increased movement?Mild joint laxity to extreme mobility/joint instability.
What demographic is more likely to be hypermobile?Women and children, Asians>Blacks>Caucasians.
What can potentially cause hypermobility in the body?The hypomobile or soft tissue tightness in another area, to compensate.
What body type is most likely to be hypermobile? (ecto,meso,endo)Ectomorphic Body Types.
What hormone causes ligament laxity and hypermobility in pregnant women? What regions of the body are likely to retain this hypermobility post-partum?Relaxin- Pelvis, Ankle, and Feet.
What conditions are people with joint laxity predisposed to?Musculoskeletal conditions- sprain, strain, tendinitis, osteoarthritis and nerve entrapment.
What is hypermobility syndrome?5% of those with hypermobility who may also experience muscle joint pain, overuse syndromes, abd muscle weakness, hyperextensible skin and mitral valve prolapse.
What conditions would predispose someone for hypermobility?RA, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Marfan's Syndrome.
What type of medical treatment may be used in the case of excessive hypermobility causing damage to joints?Injections to harden capsule, surgical shortening of ligaments or muscles that cross joint, or fixation with pins/plates etc.
What are the general causes of hypermobility?Compensation, Increased flexibility, hormonal influence, joint trauma, pathologies in PNS/CNS.

Section 2

Question Answer
Define HypomobilityLoss of motion at a joint including loss of normal joint play movements.
Where is hypomobility likely to occur?At one/several joints, or throughout entire body.
Are the joints on the dominant/non-dominant side more likely to become hypomobile?Dominant side.
What body type is most likely to be hypomobile? (ecto,medo,endo)Mesomorphic body types.
The hypomobile joints may cause other joints to..Become hypermobile, to compensate for the lack of mobility.
What can hypomobile joints lead to?Strained muscles, peripheral nerve compression, tendonitis, and decreased ability to perform ADLs.
What are the potential cause for hypomobility?Compensation, decreased flexibility, intra/extra-articular adhesions, surgical fixation.
What pathologies and conditions would predispose someone to hypomobility?Contractures, frozen shoulder, ankylosing spondylitis, peripheral nerve lesions, and central nerve lesions.
What are the symptoms of hypomobility?Reduced ROM, stiffness/pain, fibrosis of joint capsule, entrapment or compression of surrounding structures, loss of joint nutrition, TPs.