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Gait Assistive Devices

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chandlerrice's version from 2017-01-02 16:01

Cane

Question Answer
MeasurementPlace cane approx. 6" from the lateral border of toes, top of the cane handle is at the greater trochanter or wrist crease and the elbow flexed to 20-30deg
Gait Pattern on Walking SurfacesModified 2 point (cane and involved LE move together in typical gait sequence) or 4 point (cane moves first, then involved LE, and then uninvolved LE)
Gait Pattern on StairsGoing UP Stairs (uninvolved LE, then involve LE, then AD) Going DOWN Stairs (AD, then involved LE, then uninvolved LE) UP WITH THE GOOD, DOWN WITH THE BAD
memorize

Crutches

Question Answer
Measurement20-30deg elbow flexion, 2" below axilla, and 6" in front and 2" lateral to the foot. Shoes are always worn during measurements
Gait Pattern on Walking Surfaces4 point (crutch, then opposite LE, then other crutch, then other LE) 2 point (crutch and opposite LE move together then other crutch and opposite LE move together) 3 point one limb in non-weight bearing (crutches move forward together, then uninvolved LE) 3-1 one limb is weight bearing as tolerated (crutches move forward together, then involved extremity, then uninvolved LE
Gait Pattern on StairsGoing UP Stairs (uninvolved LE, then involve LE, then AD) Going DOWN Stairs (AD, then involved LE, then uninvolved LE) UP WITH THE GOOD DOWN WITH THE BAD
memorize

Walker

Question Answer
MeasurementPt. should stand inside walker and the top of the walker handles are at the greater trochanter or wrist crease and elbows are flexed to 20-30deg
Gait Pattern on Walking Surfaces3 point ( walker moves forward then uninvolved LE) 3-1 (walker moves forward, then involved LE, then uninvolved LE)
Gait Pattern on StairsGoing UP Stairs (uninvolved LE, then involved LE, then AD) Going DOWN Stairs (AD, then involved LE, then uninvolved LE) UP WITH THE GOOD DOWN WITH THE BAD
memorize

Section 4

Section 5

Section 6

Section 7

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