Funeral Service Psychology and Counseling

airbud123's version from 2015-10-12 23:27

Section 1

Question Answer
abnormal (complicated, unresolved) griefgrief extending over a long period of time without resolution
acute griefthe intense physical and emotional expression of grief occurring as the awareness increases of a loss of someone or something significant
adaptationthe individual's ability to adjust to the psychological and emotional changes brought on by a stressful event such as the death of a significant othe
affectis the feelings and their expression
aftercare (post-funeral counseling)those appropriate and helpful acts of counseling that come after the funeral

Section 2

Question Answer
agressionthe intertional infliction of physical or psychological harm on another
AIDSAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
alienationthe state of estrangement an individual feels in social settings that are viewed as foreign, unpredictable or unacceptable
alternativesproviding a choice of services and merchandise available as families make a selection and complete funeral arrangements, forumlating different actions in adjusting to a crisis
angeris blame directed towards another person

Section 3

Question Answer
anomic griefis a term to describe the experience of grief, especially in young bereaved parents, where mourning customers are unclear due to an inappropriate death and the absence of prior bereavement experience
anticipatory griefsyndrome charaterized by the presence of grief in anticipation of death or loss; the actual death comes as a confirmation of knowledge of a life-limiting condition
anxietyan emoiton characterized by avague fear or premonition that something undesirable is going to happen
at-need counselinga death has occurred and hte funeral director is advising the family from the time the death occurs until the final disposition including selection of the services and merchandise during the arrangements conference
attachement (bowlby)it is the tendency in human being to make strong affectional bonds with others coming from the need for secruity and safety

Section 4

Question Answer
attending (listening)giving undivided attention by means of verbal and non-verbal behavior
attitudea learned tendency to respond to people, objects, or institutions in a positive or negative way
bereavementthe act or event of separation of loss that results in the experience of grief
chronic griefexcessive in duration and never comes to a satisfactory conclusion
client centered (person centered) counseling (Rogers)a non-directive method of counseling which stresses the inherent worth of the client and the natural capacity for growth and health

Section 5

Question Answer
cognitive psychologyfrom the latin, "to know"; the study of the origins and consequences of thoughts, memories, beliefs, perceptions, explanations, and other mental processes
committal servicethe rite of finality in a funeral service preceding cremation, earth burial, entombment, or burial at sea
communicationa general term for the exchange of information, feelings, thoughts and acts between two or more people, including both verbal and non-verbal aspects of this interchange
congruence (Rogers)according to client-centered couseling, the necessary quality of a counselor being in touch with reality and other's perception of oneself
copingcharacteristic ways of responding to stress

Section 6

Question Answer
counseleethe individual seeking assitance or guidance
counseling (webster)advice, especially that given as result of consultation
counseling (jackson)any time someone helps someone else with a problem
counseling (rogers)good communication within and between men; or good (free) communication within or between men is always therapeutic
counseling (ohlsen)a therapeutic experience for reasonable health person. Do not confuse this with psychotherapy which is treatment for emotionally distrubed persons, who seek, or are referred for assitance before they develop serious neurotic, psychotic, or characterological disorders

Section 7

Question Answer
counselorthe individual providing assistance and guidance
crisisa highly emotional temporary state in which an individual's feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain impari his or her ability to act
crisis counselinginterventions for a highly emotional, temporary state in which individuals, overcome by feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain are unable to act in a realistitc, normal manner. Intentional responses which help individuals in a crisis
death anxietya learned emotional response to death-realted phenomenon which is characterized by extreme apprehension
defense mechanismsan unconscious, irrational means used by the ego to defend against anxiety

Section 8

Question Answer
delayed grief (worden)inhibited, suppressed or postponed response to a loss
denialthe defense mechanism by which a person is unable or refuses to see things as they are because such facts are threatening to the self
directive couselingcounselor takes a live speaking role, asking questions, suggesting courses of action, etc.
discriminationtreating members of various social groups differently in circumstances where their rights or treatment should be identical
displaced aggressionredirecting anger toward a person or object other than one who caused the anger originally

Section 9

Question Answer
emotion(s)feelings such as happiness, anger or grief, created by brain patterns accompanies by bodily changes
emotional expressionthe outward expression or display of mood or feeling states
empathy ( wolfelt)the ability to perceive another's experience and communicate that perception back to the person
euthanasia (right to die)an act or practice of allowing the death of persons suffering form a life-limiting condition
exaggerated grief (worden)persons are usually conscious of the realtionship of the reaction to the death, but the reaction to the current experience is excessive and disabling

Section 10

Question Answer
faciliateto assit understanding of the circumstances or situations the individual is experiencing, and to assist that person in the selection of an alternative adjustment if necessary
fearstrong emotion marked by such reactions as alarm, dread or disquieting
focusingcentering a client's thinking and feelings on the situation causing a problem and assisting the person in choosing the behavior or adjustment to solve the problem
funeral ritean organized, flexible, purposeful, group centered, time-limited response to death which reflects reverence, dignity and respect
funeral service psychologythe study of human behavior as realtedto funeral service

Section 11

Question Answer
frustrationthe state of being prevented from attaining a purpose, thwarted, the blocking of the satisfaction of a perceived need by some kind of obstacle
genuineness (wolflet)the ability to present oneself sincerely
goalsadjustment, motivational in nature, to be achieved
griefan emotion or set of emotions due to loss
grief counselinghelping people facilitate uncomplicated grief to a healthy completion of the tasks of grieving withing a reasonable time frame

Section 12

Question Answer
grief syndrome (lindermann)a process occurring with losses aimed at losses aimed at loosening the attachement to that which has been lost for appropriate reinvestment
grief therapy (worden)speacialized techiniques which are used to help people with complicated grief reactions
griefwork ( linderman)a process occurring with losses aimed at loosening the attachement to that which has been lost for appropriate reinvestment
guidancesupport or support system provided to the counselee who is seeking an alternative adjustment to problems
guiltblame directed toward one's self based on real or unreal conditions

Section 13

Question Answer
homicidethe killing of one human being by another
hospicehistorically an inn for travelers, especially one kept by a religious order; also used to indicate a conscept designed to treat patients with a life-limiting condition
illustratingdetailed examples of adjustments, choices or alternatives available to the client or counselee, from which a course or action may be selected
informational counselingcounseling in which a counselor shares a body of special information with a counselee
interpersonal attractionsocial attraction to another person

Section 14

Question Answer
living willa document which governs the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from an individual in the event of an incurable or irreversivle condition that will cause death with in a relatively short time, and which such person is no longer able to make decisions regarding his/her medical treatment
masked grief (worden)occur when persons experience symptoms and behaviors which cause them difficulty but they do not see or recognize the fact that these are realted to the loss
mitigationany event, person or object that lessens the degree of pain in grief
motivationthe process that initiates, directs, and sustains behavior satisfying physiological needs
mourningoutward expression of grief

Section 15

Question Answer
panica strong emotion charaterized by sudden and extreme fear
personalityis a realtively stable system of determining tendencies within a individual
paraphrasingexpressing a through or idea in an alternate and sometimes a shortened form
person centered (client centerend counseling)a phrase coined by carl Rogers to refer to that type of counseling where one comes actively and voluntarily to gain help on a problem, but without any notion of surrendering his own responsibilty for the situation; a non-directive method of counseling which stresses the inherent worth of the client and the natural capacity for growth and health.
persuasiona delibrate attempt to change attitudes or beliefs with information and arguments

Section 16

Question Answer
prejudicenegative attitude towards others based on their gender, religion, race, or membership in a particular group
psychologythe scientific study of behavior and mental processes
psychotherapy (Jackson)intervention with people whose needs are so specific that usually they can only be met by specially trained physicians or psychologists. the practitioners in this field need special training because they often work with deeper levels of consciousness
rapporta relation of harmony, conformity, accord or affinity estabilished in any human interaction
rationalizationsupply a logical, rational, socially acceptable reason rather than the real reason for an action

Section 17

Question Answer
regressionreturning to more familiar and often more primitive modes of coping
repressionblocking of threatening material from consciousness
respect (wolfelt)the ability to communicate the belief that everyone possesses the capacity and right to choose alternatives and make decisions
searchingpreoccupied and intense thoughts about the deceased
shamethe assumption of blame directed toward one's self by others

Section 18

Question Answer
shockthe reaction of the body to an event often experience emotionally as a sudden, violent and upsetting distrubance
situational counselingrelated to specific situations in life that may created crises and prduce human pain and suffering. this type of counseling adds another dimension to the giving of information in that it deals with significant feelings that are produced by life crises
social comparisonmaking judgement about ourselves thorugh comparison with others
social facilitationa phenomenon that occurs when an individual's performance improves because of the presence of others
stressthe mental an physical condition that occurs when a person must adjust or adapt to the enviroment

Section 19

Question Answer
stressorany event capable of producing physical or emotional stress
sublimationredirection of emotion to culturally or socially useful purpose
sudden infant death syndrome (S.I.D.S. or crib death)the sudden and unexpected death of an apparently health infact, which remains unexplained after a complete autopsy and a review of the circumstances around the death
suicidea deliberate act of self destruction
summarya brief review of points covered in a portion of the counseling session

Section 20

Question Answer
suppressiona conscious post-ponement of addressing anxieties and concerns
survivor guiltguilt felt by survivors
sympathysincere feelings for the person who is trying to adjust to a serious loss
thanatologythe study of death
thanatophobiaan irrational, exaggerated fear of death
unconsciousthe region of the mind that is beyond awareness especially impulses and desires not directly known to a person
verbal communicationspoken, oral communication
warmth and caring (wolfelt)the ability to be considerate and friendly as demonstrated by both verbal and non-verbal behaviors