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Functional Groups

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Updated 2010-05-13 19:06

Section

Type of CompoundFunctional Group
Acid Chloride-(C=O)-Cl
Alcohol-OH hydroxy group
Aldehyde-(C=O)-H carbonyl group
AlkaneC-C single bond
AlkeneC=C double bond
Alkyl Halide-X halo group
AlkyneC≡C triple bond
Amide-(C=O)-NH2, -(C=O)-NHR, -(C=O)-NR2
Amine-NH2 amino group
Primary AmineR-NH2
Secondary AmineR2NH
Tertiary AmineR3N
AnhydrideR-(C=O)-C-(C=O)-R'
Aromaticphenyl group
Carboxylic Acid-(C=O)-O-H carboxy group
EsterR-(C=O)-O-R'
EtherR-O-R' alkoxy group
KetoneR-(C=O)-R' carbonyl group
Nitrile-C≡N cyano group
SulfideR-S-R' alkylthio group
Thiol-SH mercapto group
ThioesterR-(C=O)-S-R'
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Reference: Inside Front Cover of Janice Gorzynski Smith's "Organic Chemistry" 2nd Edition,
McGraw-Hill, 2008 (ISBN=978-0-07-304986-1).