Functional Anatomy-Lower Limb Exam

anskorczewski12's version from 2016-07-21 03:20


Question Answer
Spine curves...lordosis of cervical and lumbar; kyphosis of thoracic and sacrum
coxa varadecreased angle of inclination of femur, causes mild shortening of limb and can limit passive abduction
coxa valgaincreased angle of inclination of femur
sacroiliac jointstrong, slight gliding and rotation; has anterior synovial joint and posterior syndesmosis, limited mobility
2 main ligaments of pubic girdlesacrotuberous (goes from ilium/sacrum to ischial tuberosity, forms sciatic foramen, anchor sacrum and prevents rotation), sacrospinous (from sacrum to ischial spine, form greater and lesser sciatic foreman)
elements that go through greater sciatic foramensuperior gluteal vessels and nerve, inferior gluteal vessels and nerve, inferior pudendal vessels and nerve, sciatic nerve, posterior femoral cutaneous nerve, nerve to obturator internus and quadratus femoris
elements that go through lesser sciatic foramenpudendal nerve, internal pudendal vessels, obturator internus, nerve to obturator internus
primary thigh flexoriliopsoas
primary/strongest dorsiflexortibialis anterior
superior gluteal nerve injuryweak medial rotation, pelvis of non-weight bearing leg drops (swing out gait)
common fibular nerve injuryfoot drop (swing out gait)
contents of femoral trianglefemoral nerve, artery, vein, some lymph nodes, saphenous nerve
oblique popliteal ligamentcollateral ligament in knee; expansion of semimembranosus; acts as posterior reinforcement
arcuate popliteal ligamentcollateral ligament in knee; strengthens capsule posterolaterally
anterior cruciate ligamentweaker, anterior intercondyle of tibia to posterior lateral condyle of femur, prevents posterior displacement of femur on tibia and hyperextension of knee; when knee flexed, prevents tibia from going forward
posterior cruciate ligamentstronger than ACL, prevents hyperflexion and tibia going posteriorly
transverse ligamentin knee, joins anterior edges of menisci
medial ligament of ankledeltoid ligament; strong; has 4 parts, stabilizes during eversion
contents of popliteal fossatermination of small saphenous v, popliteal artery and vein, common fibular and tibial nerve, posterior cutaneous femoral nerve, lymph nodes
workhorse of plantarflexionsoleus muscle
contents of adductor canalsaphenous nerve, femoral v. and a.

Recent badges