Freshman Microanatomy final continued

robbypowell's version from 2016-09-20 08:04


Question Answer
T/F: Chlorine is stable once dilutedFalse (its not stable)
Triclosan is a phenolic compound that is used in dentrifices has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties
Which is true of Chlorhexidine: bactericidal, disrupts membrane, etcAll of the above
T/F Amphoterecin B is used for oral candidiasisFalse
T/F Nystatin is used for oral candidiasisTrue
T/F Grisofulvin is used for oral candidiasisFalse
T/F Azole is used for oral candidiasisTrue
T/F Ketoconazole is a wide spectrum antifungal widely distributed including CNSFalse (does not go to CNS)
T/F Valcyclovir is a prodrug of acyclovir that inhibits DNA polymeraseTrue
T/F Indinavir inhibits protein synthesisfalse (its an integrase inhibitor)
T/F Zidovudine is a protease inhibitorFalse (NRTI)
T/F Cell wall antimicrobials are more active against Gram PositiveTrue??? (or broad spectrum?)
T/F Penicillin G is given orallyFalse (IV)
T/F The addition of procaine to penicillin increases long acting behavior and is used as a prophylaxis for rheumatic feverTrue
T/F Penicillinase resistant penicillins include methicillin and dicloxacillinTrue.
T/F its reasonably safe to give cephalosporin to patients that test positive for major determinant of penicillinTrue
T/F 4th generation cephalosporin has low resistance to B-lactamaseFalse (is most resistant of cephalosprin generations)
T/F Vancomycin has low bioavialbility because it can't be absorbed well orallyTrue
Which drugs have ototoxicity?Aminoglycosides, Macrolides, Vancomycin
which drugs have crystalluriaSulfonamides, Metronidazole, Acyclovir
T/F Sulfanamindes inhibit dihydrofolic acid from becoming tetrahydrofolic acidFalse... (inhibit PABA processing to Dihydrofolic acid)
T/F Azithromycin is more effective against strep and staph than erythromycinTrue
T/F Erythomycin decreases metabolism of co-administered drugsTrue (bc it is a microsomal enzyme inhibitor)
All of the following are side effects of aminoglycoside except: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neuromuscular blockade and (something else)it's the something else... ones listed here are true


Know all about the Antifungals Know the side effects for each antibiotic
Compare PNC and cephalosporin (especially side effects)
Macrolides: 50s Clindamycin: 50s Aminoglycoside: 30s Tetracycline: 30s