Foundations of Reading Review

emilyy2's version from 2017-05-09 18:38

Section 1

Question Answer
Phonological Awareness The understanding that speech is composed of sub-parts -- Sentences are comprised of words, words are comprised of onsets and rimes, and can be further broken down into phonemes.
Phonemic AwarenessA subset of phonological awareness; the knowledge that spoken words consist of a sequence of individual sounds, and the understanding that phonemes are rearranged and substituted to create new words.
SyllableA unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound with or without surrounding consonants forming the whole or a part of a word.
Visual (graphophonemic) cuesCues that come from the knowledge that oral language can be represented by letters and that letters are formed into words.
PhonemesA speech sound. There are initial, medial, and final phonemes in words.
PhonicsA approach to reading instruction that emphasizes letter-sound relationships and generalized principles that describe spelling-sound relationships in language.
Consonant digraphs A group of two successive consonants whose phonetic value is a single sound.
DiphthongA complex vowel sound characterized by a continually moving tongue shape and changing sound quality.
Explicit phonics instruction Phonics instruction that builds from part to whole in a systematic way beginning with teaching letters (graphemes) and their associated sounds (phonemes).
Implicit phonics instruction Phonics instruction that moves from the whole to the smallest part. Phonemes and graphemes aren't taught in isolation, whole language

Section 2

Question Answer
AlliterationProducing groups of words that begin with the same initial sound
Compound WordsA compound word is formed when two or more words join to form a new word that has its own meaning.
Homographs Words that have the same spelling but differ in origin, meaning, and sometimes pronunciation.
MorphemesIt is the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
Semantic CuesCues that come from the context and the meaning of the text that is being read.
Structural analysisBreaking words down into their base components, root, prefix, and suffixes, to try to better understand them.
Syntactic cuesCues that come from knowledge of weird order, sentence patterns, and grammar.
Word analysis The use of word parts to determine the meaning and pronunciation of words.
Morphemic Analysis Using knowledge of morphemes to determine meaning and/ or pronunciation.
Expressive VocabThe words you have at your disposal that you can think to use
Receptive VocabThe words you understand but don't use yourself

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