Forensic Psychology

hayleyx's version from 2018-02-22 19:21

Section 1

Question Answer
Profiling based on old-fashioned model of personalityAlison - Top-down approach (AO3)
Smallest space analysis of 100 murders only found organised typeCanter - Top-down approach (AO3)
Motivation more important than defining typesKeppel and Walter - Top-down approach (AO3)
Geographical profilingRossmo - Bottom-up approach (AO1)
Circle theoryCanter and Larkin - Bottom-up approach (AO1)
Smallest space analysis of 66 assaults found common behaviourCanter and Heritage - Bottom-up approach (AO3)
Advice useful 87% of time but only led to conviction 3% of timeCopson - Bottom-up approach (AO3)
Atavistic formLombroso - Atavistic form (AO1)
Many atavistic characteristics found in African-AmericansMatt De Lisi - Atavistic form (AO3)
Found no evidence for atavistic characteristics, but found low intelligenceGoring - Atavistic form (AO3)
33% MZ and 12% DZ concordance rate for offendingChristiansen - Genetic explanations (AO1)
Analysis of 900 offenders found two candidate genes, including MAOATiihonen - Genetic explanations (AO1)
Reduced activity in prefrontal cortex in APDRaine - Neural explanations (AO1)
Mirror neurons controlling empathy can be activated on commandKeysers - Neural explanations (AO1)
Danish adoptees study - 13.5%, 20%, 24.5% offending ratesMednick - Genetic explanations (AO3)
The criminal personality - Extraversion, Neuroticism, PsychoticismEysenck - Eysenck's theory (AO1)
Offenders scored high on P, but not E and N measuresFarrington - Eysenck's theory (AO3)
5 factor personality model - Openness, agreeableness, conscientiousnessDigman - Eysenck's theory (AO3)
Cultural bias - Extraversion lower in Hispanic, African-American prisonersBarol and Holanchock - Eysenck's theory (AO3)
Personality varies according to situation we are inMischel - Eysenck's theory of personality (AO3)
Model for level of moral reasoningKohlberg - Cognitive explanations (AO1)
'Aggressive' children more likely to see ambiguous scene as hostileDodge and Frame - Cognitive explanations (AO1)
54% of rapists denied crime, 40% minimalised harm they had causedBarbaree - Cognitive explanations (AO1)
Offenders showed less moral reasoning on SRM-SF than controlsPalmer and Hollin - Cognitive explanations (AO3)
Poor moral reasoning may be due to lack of play in childhoodBlackburn - Cognitive explanations (AO3)
Postconventional stage is culturally biased, should be mature/immatureGibbs - Cognitive explanations (AO3)
Preconventional morality more common in financial than impulsive crimesReid - Cognitive explanations (AO3)
Intelligence is a better indicator of offending than moral reasoningLangdon - Cognitive explanations (AO3)
Differential Association TheorySutherland - Differential Association Theory (AO1)
The Inadequate SuperegoBlackburn - Psychodynamic explanations (AO1)
Found little gender difference between superego developmentHoffman - Psychodynamic explanations (AO1)
Found token economy system effective against control groupHobbs and Holt - Behavioural modification (AO1)
Inconsistent reinforcement in token economy systems reduces effectsBassett and Blanchard - Behavioural modification (AO3)
Token economy systems have little rehabilitative valueBlackburn - Behavioural modification (AO3)
Specially tailored token economy systems mosrt effectiveField - Behavioural modification (AO3)
Cognitive factors trigger emotional arousal that precede violenceNovaco - Anger management (AO1)
National Anger Management Package generally successfulKeen - Anger management (AO1)
Anger management does not effect long-term recedivismBlackburn - Anger management (AO1)
"Crime hurts, justice should heal"Braithwaite - Restorative justice (AO1)
For every 1 pound spent on RJ we save 8 on reoffendingShapland - Restorative justice (AO3)
Politicians don't often offer support to resorative justiceDavies and Raymond (AO3)

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