Forensic Psych test 3

octopirecipes's version from 2015-04-28 21:22


Question Answer
risk assesmentan assesment that determines whether a person will commit violence, includes both a "prediction" and an "management" component.
Risk assesments are neededin both criminal and civil contexts.
civil settings that require risk assesmentscivil commitment,child protection, immigration, school and labor regulations, mental health professional have a duty to warn if their patient is a risk to others.
Tarasoff vs. University of Californiacourt ruled mental health professionals have the duty to warn police
Criminal settins that require risk assesmentpretrial, setencing, and release, sexually violent predator Act, capital murder, parole from corretional and forensic psychiatric institutions.


Question Answer
Unstructured clinical judgmentone clinical person characterizes for many agressions, no guidelines.
Structured professional judgmenta predetermined list of risk factors includes clinicians, police, probation officers, and social workers.
Risk factorA measurable feature of an individual that predicts the behavior of interest (e.g., violence or psychopathology)
Static risk factorrisk factor that does not change or is highly resistant to change.
Dynamic risk factorschangeble and often targetted for intervention.


Question Answer
historical risk factorsevents experience in the past also known as static risk faction.
dispositional risk factorrisk factor the reflects the individuals traits, tendencie, or styles.
clinical risk factorstypes and symptoms of metal disorders. (ex. substance abuse)
contextural risk factorsrisk factor that refers to aspects of the current enviroment (ex. access to victims of weapons.) (situational risk factors.)
what type of victim will likely become a violent perpertratorvictims of childhood physical abuse or neglect.
female offendersengange is less criminal behavior than men, are arrested for different crimes than men, prostitution is the highest crime committed by women, violence against family members, lower reoffend rate, mroe childhood victimization, higher mental disorders than men.
risk factors unique to women when it comes to recidivism in menmany static risk factors associated with recidivism in mean, such as criminal history and age are also predictors with women. these include subtance abuse, antisocial attitudes, and antisocial associates. Women uniquely do self injury, attemted suicide and self estreem problems.


Question Answer
PsychopathyA personality disorder defined by a collection of interpersonal, affective, and behavioral characteristics including manipulation, lack of remorse or empathy, impulsivity, and antisocial behaviors
Hare Psychopathy Checklist–RevisedThe most popular method of assessing psychopathy in adults. 20 item rating scale, semistructure interviwe, and file review. Assesses interpersonal (gradiosity, manipulativeness), affective (lack of remorse, shallow emotions) and behavioral (impulsivity,antisocial acts) features of psychopathy.
Antisocial personality disorderA personality disorder characterized by a history of behavior in which the rights of others are violated
sociopathya label used to describe a person whose psychopatic traits are assumeto be due to enviromental factors
psychopathy vs. sociopathysociopaths develop psychopathic traits due to poor parenting and other enviromental factors, whereas psychopaths are genetically predisposed to a temperament that makes them difficult to socialize.
Psychopathy vs. APDAPD symtoms are related to behavioral features of psychopathy, but not interpersonal or affective features, APD falls under personality disorders.
% os psychopaths that engange in instrumental murder93%


Question Answer
what makes psychopaths stand out from other offendershigh desity (prolific_, versatile offenders, crimes run from theft to murder. Start criminal carrer at a younger age, persist longer, engange in mroe violent offenses, commit a greater variety of violent offenses, engage in more violence within institutions, and are more likely to be violent after release. Violence is predatory in nature.
instrumental violenceplanned a motivated by external goal
reactive violenceself defense, provoke, reitariated
psychopathic traits in youthyouth who engaged in instrumen- tal violence were more psychopathic than other youth. youth with psychopathic traits may be more responsive to interventions
which group had the highest reoffending rateThe highest violent recidivism rate was 77% for treated psychopaths


Question Answer
youth offenders vs adult offendersthe goal is to prevent juvenile delinquency from starting and should it occur, provide intervention to stop it from continuing into adulthood.
how are juvenile offenders deal with when there is no minimun agecommon law is used,must be at least 7 yr old for federal crimes the age is set to 10 yrs. if ages younger than these minimum ages they are processed through Social Services & receive counseling and parental skills training.
most frequent sentence in juvenile courtprobation
youth and crime in the past decadeshas decreased


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Internalizing problemsEmotional difficulties such as anxiety, depression, and obsessions experienced by a youth (anxiety, depression, obsessions)
Externalizing problemsBehavioral difficulties such as delinquency, fighting, bullying, lying, or destructive behavior experienced by a youth
Attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorderA disorder in a youth characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and
Oppositional defiant disorderA disorder in a youth characterized by a persistent pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behaviorshyperactivity or impulsivity
Conduct disorderA disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of behavior in which a youth violates the rights of others or age- appropriate societal norms or rules
characteristics of conduct disorderinititates physical figts, is physically cruel to animals, sets fire, lies for gain, and is truent.


Question Answer
Intimate partner violenceAny violence occurring between intimate partners who are living together or separated. Also known as spousal violence
types of violence against partnersphysical, sexual, financial, and emotiona.
females vs. male domestic violencefemales are more likely to engange in mino physical aggression that men, equal amounts of violence, men less likely to report.
domestic violence myths debunkeddomestic violence is commong but tends to go unreported, same sex partnet abuse does occur, women and men equally initiate partnet violence, women are in even more danger after seperation, alcohol and drugs not the only reason, often used as an excuse for violence to continue, no one deserved to be abuse, things do not get better.


Question Answer
Mandatory charging policiespolice the authority to lay charges against a suspect where there is reasonable and probable grounds to believe an intimate partner assault has occurred.
effects of mandatory charging policiesincarceration or police interaction does not lower recidivism
short term seperation and recidivismlower rates of recidivism were reported in the short term (30 days after police contact) for both arrest and nonarrest groups.
StalkingCrime that involves repeatedly following, communicating with, watching, or threatening a person directly or indirectly
true data on stalkingStalking arrests are very low and are nowhere near the number of actual stalking report


Question Answer
sexual assault statistics1 in 12 youths are sexually assaulted, 1 in 6 women are raped 10% to 20% of men admit assaulting a child or a woman.
types of sexual assaultsexual abuse and aggravated sexual abuse
which has the most penaltiessexual abuse
PTSD rape victims95 suffered after nine months, 47% had PSTD, 16.5% after 15 years,
evolutionary theory on raperape in a mating stratefy designed to enhace reproductive success.
the percentage of child victims of sexual abuse who experience significant psychological problems in the year following disclosure70%


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Reactive aggression(affective aggression)
Instrumental aggression(predatory aggresion)
homicide rates between 1990 and 2009are declining


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filicidethe killing of children by their biological parents, or step parents
neonaticidekilling a baby within 24 hours of birth
infanticidekilling a baby within the first year of life
familicidethe killing of a spouse and children.
femicidethe killing of women


Question Answer
Serial murderThe killing of a minimum of three people over time, usually at different locations, with a cooling-off period between the murders
Mass murderThe killing of four or more victims at a single location during one event with no cooling-off period
female murderersno criminical history, 50% with accomplice, more likely to use poison, to kill for money, to kill family, more likely to have a specific killing place.
male murderersprior criminal history, 25% with accomplice, more likelike to strangle, stab, or shoot victim. more likely to kill for sexual gratification or control, more likely to kill strangers, and be mroe geographically mobile.

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