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Fluid Status Pt 2

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juliaterese's version from 2015-09-17 21:47

Section 1

Question Answer
aldosterone and potassiumaldosterone increases retention of sodium and chloride and excretion of potassium
potassium and acid base balancepotassium can be exchanged with hydrogen ions in ECF or ICF
what serum levels of calcium and phosphorus are dependent onintestinal absorption, exchange between EC fluid (blood) and bone, renal excretion, hormones
plays biggest role in calcium absorption at intestinal levelvitamin D
major hormones in calcium regulationvitamin D, calcitonin, PTH
effect of PTH on calcium and phosphoruslowers
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Section 2

Question Answer
what leads to hypovolemiarenal loss of fluid, extra renal loss of fluid, decreased oral itnake
examples of renal fluid lossbody's attempt to correct acid-base balance, hypoosmolality, diuretics
examples of extra-renal fluid lossexcessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, fistula
is there always a change in weight with dehydration?no, the fluid might move somewhere else like a pleural cavity or fistula
etiologies of isotonic volume depletiondecreased food/water intake, prolonged vomiting, prolonged diarrhea
etiologies of hypotonic hypovolemiahistory of edema, diuretic, sodium wasting syndromes, sodium restricted diets. malnutrition, large intake hypotonic liquids
why does malnutrition cause hypotonic hypovolemiaaffects the movement of solute and albumin
lab value for dehydrationosmolality greater than 295
etiologies for hypertonic hypovolemiaexcessive sweating or diarrhea, hyperventilation, ketoacidosis, prolonged fever, early stage renal failure
true name for dehydrationhypertonic hypovolemia
effect of hyovolemia on heart
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Section 3

Question Answer
monitoring and evaluation
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Section 4

Question Answer
hypervolemia
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Section 5

Question Answer
hyponatremia
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Section 6

Question Answer
hypernatremia
memorize

Section 7

Question Answer
potassium imbalance
memorize

Section 8

Question Answer
hypokalemia
memorize

Section 9

Question Answer
hyperkalemia
memorize

Section 10