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Fluid Disorders Lecture 2 Volume Depletion Part 1

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alchemist04's version from 2016-06-23 21:27

Section

Question Answer
What are the causes of volume depletion? (1)(1) Decreased fluid intake which could be as a result of (1) impaired thirst response (2) disorientation (3) Comatose (4) Difficult swallowing
What are the causes of volume depletion? (2)(2) Increased fluid loss which could be as a result of (1) diarrhea (2) Bleeding (3) Excessive N/V (4) Burns (increase perspiration) (5) Diuretics (6) Diabetics Insipidus (7) hypoaldesteronism
What are the causes of volume depletion? (3)(3) Relative volume deficit which could be that absolute volume is not reduced but capacitance is expanded or fluid redistributed into non functional areas
What are the causes of volume depletion? (4)(4) Sepsis (the presence in tissues of harmful bacteria and their toxins, typically through infection of a wound)
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Question Answer
What are the manifestation (symptoms) of Volume depletion? (1)(1) Decrease in Intravascular volume
What are the manifestation (symptoms) of Volume depletion? (2)(2) Chapped lips/dry mucosa, Decreased skin turgor, pale skin
What are the manifestation (symptoms) of Volume depletion? (3)(3) Orthostatic hypotension, Tachycardia (fast heat rate)
What are the manifestation (symptoms) of Volume depletion? (4)(4) Thirst (defense mechanism), Decrease or no urine output (defense mechanism)
What are the manifestation (symptoms) of Volume depletion? (5)(5) Acute Weight loss
What are the manifestation (symptoms) of Volume depletion? (6)(6) BUN:SCr > 20, Increased Serum sodium, Increased plasma Osmolality
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Question Answer
What are the treatments of Volume Depletion? (1)(1) Treat the underlying problem like (1) Diuretics (2) Sepsis (3) Diarrhea (4) N/V
What are the treatments of Volume Depletion? (2)(2) Give fluid therapy like by replacing fluid lost or help maintain fluid if pt is unable to maintain adequate fluid intake
What are the examples of IV Fluid therapy(1) Crystalloids (2) Colloids
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