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First Aid

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Updated 2009-05-17 10:37

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Question Answer
1.What is Self Aid?Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
2.Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipmentBayonet Rifle Entrenching tool Tent poles and stakes Web belt
3.What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
4.How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on the human body?11
5.What is the object of first aid?To stop bleeding Overcome shock Relieve pain
6.What FM covers first aid for soldiers?FM 4-25.11
7.What is First Aid?It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available
8.What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?It is a universal donor
9.When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound
10.What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, and soldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficient use of)
11.How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?2 to 4 inches
12.What are the lifesaving steps?Open the airway and restore breathing Stop the bleeding Protect the wound Prevent shock
13.When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
14.Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?Use the casualty’s field dressing.
15.How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied?Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site. DO NOT tie so tightly that it has a tourniquet-like effect.
16.What is manual pressure?If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure may be used to help control bleeding. Apply such pressure by placing a hand on the dressing and exerting firm pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. The casualty may be asked to do this himself if he is conscious and can follow instructions.
17.Should a casualty be given water to drink?He should not eat or drink
18.Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control the bleeding
19.What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of the tourniquet
20.Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?No, only qualified medical personnel can do that
21.Where is a tourniquet applied?Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or between the wound and the heart). Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint. Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness, should be placed on the upper arm or above the knee on the thigh.
22.How can you prevent athlete's foot?Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily
23.Name 3 categories of heat injuriesHeat cramps Heat exhaustion Heat stroke
24.What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)Abdominal Cramps (stomach)Excessive Sweating
25.What is the treatment for heat cramps?Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available. Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)In a chemical environment, transport the heat casualty to a non-contaminated area as soon as the mission permits. Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs cool water faster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is preferred if it is available. Seek medical assistance should cramps continue.
26.What are the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion?Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skin Headache Weakness Dizziness Loss of appetite Cramping Nausea (with or without vomiting) Urge to defecate Chills (Gooseflesh) Rapid Breathing Tingling of Hands/Feet Confusion
27.What would the treatment be for heat exhaustion?Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available. Loosen or remove his clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment); pour water on him and fan him.Have him slowly drink at least one canteen of water. Elevate his legs. If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainder of the day.Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives.
28.What are the signs and symptoms of heat stroke?Skin is red, hot and dry Weakness Dizziness Confusion Headaches Seizures Nausea Stomach pains or cramps
30.If a casualty were suspected of having a neck/spinal injury or severe head trauma, which method would you use for opening an airway?The jaw thrust technique, because in most cases it can be done without extending the neck
31.What are two basic types of fractures?Open (compound) Closed (simple)
32.What are some signs of an open fracture?Bleeding. Bones sticking through the skin. Check for pulse.
33.What are some signs of a closed fracture?Swelling Discoloration Deformity Unusual body position Check for pulse.
34.With an open fracture, what should you do first?Stop the bleeding
35.What is the basic proven principle in splinting fractures?"Splint them where they lie"
36.How tight should tourniquet be?Tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.
37.What are the three types of bleeding?Arterial- Blood is bright red and will spurt with each heart beat Venous- Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream Capillary- Blood oozes from the wound
38.Name 4 common points for checking pulseCarotid- The side of the neck Femoral- The groin Radial- The wrist Posterial Tibial- Ankle
41.What is a heat injury?A loss of water and salt, loss of sweat while personnel work in the heat, a general dehydration of the body
42.What is the greatest preventive measure for disease?Cleanliness
43.How do you stop bleeding?Apply a field dressing Manual pressure Elevate the limb Apply a pressure dressing Digital Pressure Apply a tourniquet
44.What is CPR?Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is used to restore a heart beat
45.When can measures taken to restore breathing in an individual be discontinued?When a doctor tells you to stop When others relieve you When you cannot physically continue When the casualty starts to breath on his own
46.What is AIDS?AIDS is the end stage of the HIV infection. At this point, the virus has attacked and weakened a person's immune system
47.Name two types of rescue breathingMouth to mouth Mouth to nose
48.What do the letters AIDS stand for?Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
49.When should a casualty not be placed in the shock position?When the casualty has a: Head injury Abdominal wound Fractured (unsplinted) leg
50.How long is direct manual pressure applied to control bleeding?5 to 10 minutes
51.What should you do prior to leaving an unconscious casualty?Turn their head to the side to prevent them from choking on their own vomit
52.When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?As a last resort when everything else has failed or when an arm or leg has been severed off
53.What does COLD stand for?It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands for Keep it CLEAN, Avoid OVERHEATING, Wear it LOOSE and in layers and Keep it DRY
54.What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?Responsive Breath Pulse Bleed Shock Fractures Burns concussions
55.What is the first indication of frostbite?Skin becomes numb and white particles/patches form on it
56.What do you do to treat frostbite?Remove clothing from the affected area, warm with body heat, dress the area and seek additional medical help
57.When should an airtight dressing be applied to a sucking chest wound?As the individual breathes out
58.How should you position a casualty with an open abdominal wound?On his back with his knees up to relieve abdominal pressure
59.What do you do with exposed abdominal organs?Wrap them in dry clean material and place on top of the abdomen (never try to put them back in)
60.How do you take the Carotid pulse?Carotid pulse. To check the carotid pulse, feel for a pulse on the side of the casualty’s neck closest to you. This is done by placing the tips of your first two fingers beside his Adam’s apple.
61.In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the two-man methods?Two-Man Support Carry Two-Man Arms Carry Two-Man Fore-and Aft-Carry Four-Hand Seat Carry
62.In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the one-man methods?Fireman's carry Supporting carry Arms Carry Saddleback carry Pack-strap carry Pistol belt carry
63.Should you put any medication or cream on a burn?No
64.Name the four types of burnsThermal Electrical Chemical Laser
65.What is the primary objective in the treatment of burns?Lessen or prevent shock and infection
66.What are the three categories used in medical evacuation?Urgent- within 2 hours Priority- within 4 hours Routine- within 24 hours
67.What is the first aid procedure for a white phosphorous casualty?Smother the flame by submerging the affected area in water or pack with mud. Then remove the particles by brushing or picking them out
68.What is the first step in the first aid of a burn victim?Remove the casualty from the source of the burn
69.What are the 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway?The jaw thrust Head tilt/chin lift methods
70.What is the major cause of tooth decay and gum disease?Dental plaque
72.What are the 11 severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?Strange or confused behavior. Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing. Severely pinpointed pupils. Red eyes with tearing. Vomiting. Severe muscular twitching and general weakness. Involuntary urination and defecation. Convulsions. Unconsciousness. Respiratory failure. Bradycardia.
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