jacquelinecole1's version from 2015-05-05 17:15


Question Answer
. Name the basic belief/attitude and coping strategy (overt behavior) of a person with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. The basic belief/attitude: Errors are bad, I must not err. Perfection is possible. Coping strategy: Perfectionism and Avoidance of obsessional thoughts through compulsive behavior/ritual
7. Name and explain 3 techniques to help listen to others better and why they are likely to help. 1. AGREE WITH THEM IN PART Find at least a kernel of truth to agree with in what the other person is saying, even if the comment is critical and you feel it’s unjustified,off the wall, unfair, etc. Be sincere in your agreement. See if you can ignore any unfair accusations now, because arguing at this point will likely only polarize both of you and neither of you will be thinking clearly. The intent of both of you will likely be only to make the other person feel bad and to defend yourself. Later on may be a more fruitful time to get into specifics of where you disagree. EXAMPLE: If your boyfriend says: “You’re always late! What’s the matter with you? Don’t you think of anybody but yourself?, you can say:“You’re right. I was half an hour late and I wish I’d been here on time.”
listening cont2. EMPATHIZE WITH THE OTHER PERSON Try to see things from the other’s perspective, as though you’re in that person’s shoes. (This typically reduces the other’s anger because the person feels more listened to.) TWO DIFFERENT WAYS: a. Translation: Restate what the other is saying in your own words. This way if you are wrong, the other person can know how you perceive him/her and it gives him/her the opportunity to correct any misperceptions. If you’re right, the other person feels understood, which tends to reduce anger and upset. EXAMPLE: “So when I was 10 minutes late you thought I wasn’t thinking about you.” b. Guessing as to likely feelings: Make a reasonable guess as to what the person might be feeling, considering what s/he has just said and how s/he is now acting. EXAMPLE: “I guess if I felt that my spouse didn’t care about me, I’d be pretty upset.” 3. INQUIRE TO LEARN MORE Ask respectful, gentle questions to understand more about the other’s thoughts and feelings. (This communicates that the person’s feelings and thoughts matter to you.) EXAMPLE: “So what did you think I was doing when I was late?” (said without sarcasm)
9. Briefly describe the cognitive profile for PTSD and name 2 predictors of poor recovery from PTSDPredictors of poor recovery from PTSD:
Parental history of anxiety disorder (for children with PTSD),
Family history of mood disorders Poor social support, especially post-traumatic event
Lower IQ and education
Experiencing stressors a year before or a year after the traumatic event (e.g., loss of job, death of spouse)
9. Briefly describe the cognitive profile for PTSD and name 2 predictors of poor recovery from PTSD Persistent reexperiencing of the trauma via recurrent, intrusive, distressing recollections;dreams thereof, acting or feeling as if trauma were recurring; intense psychological distress at exposure to internal/external cues that resemble or symbolize an aspect of the trauma; physiological reactivity on exposure to internal/external cues that resemble or symbolize an aspect of the trauma Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma and numbing of general responsiveness as indicated by 3 of these: Efforts to avoid thoughts/feelings/conversations associated with trauma; Efforts to avoid places, activities, or people associated with trauma Inability to recall important aspect of the trauma Markedly less interest and participation in significant activities Feeling of detachment/estrangement Restricted range of affect Sense of foreshortened future Persistently hi arousal as shown by 2 of these: Dyssomnia Irritability/anger bouts Problems concentrating Hypervigilance Exaggerated startle response

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