Final Final of Sq 3

heyguysitsclaire's version from 2016-05-20 03:24

Section 1

Question Answer
How do you check pulse and respiration in children under the age of two?Pulse should be assessed apically. For respiration, observe abdominal movement and count for one full minute,
How do you check pulse and respiration in children over the age of two?Pulse should be assessed radially. For respiration, do the same as you would do for an adult, count for 30 seconds and multiply by two.
How do you check blood pressure in pediatrics?Blood pressure is not typically taken in pediatrics.
How do you check temperature in pediatrics? Preferably axillary. Otherwise oral, rectal, tympanic or temporal artery are acceptable.
What is the role of the MA during pediatric visits?Typically, you prepare the patient for examination, and you may also assist with the examination by restraining the child. Often, you are responsible for documenting the history and the chief complaint and for collecting specimens for diagnostic testing. While the physician is doing their part you will be responsible for obtaining relevant data from the parent, obtaining anthropometric measurements and performing history and vision screening tests as appropriate.
ImpetigoA common skin disorder in children, a contagious bacterial infection that may be caused by either staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria. Lesions commonly appear on the face, neck, and other exposed parts of the body. Patches of exudative vesicles produce honey colored crusts. Treatment is topical antibiotics
Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges covering the spinal cord and the brain can result from either a viral or bacterial infection. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, fever, headaches and a stiff neck. Treatment is oral fluids and bed rest.
EncephalitisInflammation of the brain that frequently results from a viral infection following chickenpox, measles or mumps. Symptoms are drowsiness, headache and fever. Severe cases include seizure and a coma. Typically requires hospitalization
TetanusInfection of nervous tissue caused by the tetanus bacillus. Tetanus immunizations help to prevent it.
Cerebral PalsyTerm for a group of neuromuscular disorders that result from central nervous system damage sustained during prenatal, neonatal or postnatal period. Impairment may range from slight motor dysfunction to catastrophic physical and mental disabilities
CroupLaryngotracheobronchitis, typically seen in children 3 months to 3 years. Viral infection of the larynx resulting in swelling and narrowing of the airway, which results in dyspnea. Treatment is a cool mist vaporizer and medication to decrease swelling.
Epiglottitis Swelling of the epiglottis. Typically seen in children 2 to 6 years. It is caused by a bacterial infection, usually haemophilus influenzae. Requires immediate hospitalization since the airway is at risk of closing.
Cystic FibrosisInherited disease that affects the exocrine glands of the body, changing their secretions and making mucus extremely thick and sticky. Most serious complications are typically respiratory. Treatment includes medication to reduce the thickness of secretion and frequent breathing treatments to maintain open airway.
Asthma Reversible inflammatory process of the bronchi and bronchioles. Treatment includes bronchodilators through and inhaler
Otitis MediaInflammation of infection of the middle ear, is frequently caused by an upper respiratory infection in infants and children. Analgesics usually prescribed for pain, decongestants
TonsillitisInflammation of the tissues of the throat and/or tonsils. Red and swollen tissues, possibly with pustules. Treatment is antibiotics and possible surgical removal.
What is the medical term for lice?Pediculosis Capitis
How do you collect a urinary sample from an infant?Using a collection device that you attach over the genitalia.
Where would you give an infant an injection?Vastus Lateralis
APGARThe apgar score is a method for describing the general health of newborns at 1 and 5 minutes after delivery. I.e: heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, response to a suction catheter in the nostril, color.
Until what age to you measure a child's head circumference? 12 months
Normal pulse rate in newborns100-180
Normal respiratory rates in newborns30-35
Normal blood pressure for newborns<90 <70

Section 2

Question Answer
How do you calculate the due date (EDC)? Month of LMP minus 3... Day of LMP adding 7... Year of LMP adding 1. (Example: LMP= 05/03/2007... EDC= 02/10/2008)
How do you classify a women's history (pregnancy)?Parity (number of live births) Gravidity (any pregnancy) Gravida (pregnant woman) Nulligravida (someone who has never been pregnant) Primigravida (someone who is pregnant for the first time) Nullipara (has never borne a living child) Primipara (first living child) Multipara (many live births)
What are the 3 stages of labor?Early Labor Phase –The time of the onset of labor until the cervix is dilated to 3 cm. Active Labor Phase – Continues from 3 cm. until the cervix is dilated to 7 cm. Transition Phase – Continues from 7 cm. until the cervix is fully dilated to 10 cm
MenarcheThe age at which a girl begins menses
What is a colposcopy?A visual examination of the vaginal and cervical surfaces using a stereoscopic microscope called a colposcope
What are the benefits of a thin prep pap test? It enables laboratory professionals to identify more precancerous or cancerous cervical cells by preserving the delicate detail of your sample, and preparing that sample clearly on a slide.
Why does the Rh in female blood matter? It can cause birth defects
What are some early signs of ovarian cancer?abdominal bloating, pressure, and pain abnormal fullness after eating difficulty eating an increase in urination an increased urge to urinate
What can be caused by taking antibiotics?Vaginal yeast infection
Menorrhagiaexcessive bleeding during menses
Metrorrhagiairregular bleeding at times other than menses
Polymenorrheaabnormally frequent menses
Postmenopausal bleedingbleeding after menopause that is not associated with tumor, inflammation or pregnancy
What is the common age for testicular cancer?15-35
What are the signs of testicular cancer?A lump or enlargement in either testicle A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum A dull ache in the abdomen or groin A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts Back pain