Final Exam Review - Social Psych

octopirecipes's version from 2015-05-13 01:59


Question Answer
social psychologystudy of how people think, feel and behave in social context.
clinical psychologyunderstand and tree people w/psych disorders
cognitive psychologythe study of mental procecess.
ethical practicesinformed consent must have enough information to consent and ability to withdraw at any time.


Question Answer
desriptive researchdescribes people and their behavior
correlationsexamines associations between variables.
experimentationseeks causation
independent variablefactor manipulated to see how it effect dependent variable
dependent variablefactor measured to see if it was effected by independent variable
subject variablepre existant differents in participants


Question Answer
self conceptbeliefs one has about their own personal attributes
self schemabeliefs one holds of themselves that affect processing of self relevant information
implicit egoisma form os self-enhancement. rating themselves higher than peers in all fields.
self presentationprocess in which we try to shape what others think of us and what we think of ourselves.
self monitoringregulating one's behavior to meet demands of a social situation due to self presentation concerns.


Question Answer
attribution theoriestheories that describe how people perceive and explaine behavior.
personal attributionattributing to internal characteristics. (ability, personality, mood.)
situational attributionattributing to external factors (task, others, or luck.)
fundamental attribution error focus on personal causes and underestimate situational causes on other's behaviors.


Question Answer
availability heuristicestimating the likelihood of an event by how many intances of it come to mind. (words that start with r vs. words with r inbetween.)
false concesus effectoverestimating the extend that others share common opinions, attributes of behaviors.
base rate fallacypeople are insensitive to numerical base rates, or probability. Influence by graphic dramatic events.


Question Answer
implicit personality theoriesassuption people make about relationships among traits. unpredicatable = dangerous.
confirmation biastedency to seek, interpret, and create information that verifies existing beliefs.
self fullfilling prophecywhen ones expectation about a person lead that person to behave in ways that confirm those expectations.


Question Answer
implicit modern racism/sexismbiases people had without knowing it, subtle things, can be tested for.
robbers cave studyboys in camp pitted against each other. share subordidate goal.
maintaining sterotypesconfirmation bies, and typin
typingputting people into their own clique by scaring them from their own.


Question Answer
contact hypothesisdesegragation should reduce prejudice.
cognitive disssonanceholding incosistant cognition can result in psychological tension.
persuasionthe process by which attitudes change.
peripheral routedecision not though of carefully, influence by superficial cues.
central routedecision through of carefully, influenced by strenght of it's arguments.


Question Answer
comformitychanging our perceptions, opinions, behaviors in ways that are consistent w/group norms.
sherif study (1963)flashing light test, unknown answers, most followed group.
ash's life testknown answers, most followed group, unless another deviated.
informational influenceproduces comformity, when one believes others are correct in their judgement.
normative influenceproduces comformity due to fear of negative social consequences of appearing deviant
minority influencedisserters produce change within a group.
idiocracy creditsinterpersonal credits a person earns from following norms. (tool points lmao)


Question Answer
compliancechanges of behavior that are elicited by direct request
foot in the doorcomply first to a small request, then it becomes easier to comply to a larger request.
low ballingsecures aggreement with a request but increases the size of that request by reveling hidden costs.
door in the facefirst fake large request that will be denied, then followed by a reasonable smaller request.
that's not allbegin with an inflated request then decreases it's apparant size by offering a discount or a bonus.


Question Answer
obediencebehavior change produced by the command of authority.
milgram experimentshock generator, 65% obedience.
factors for higher obediencephysical proximity of authority/victim, no personal responsibility, orders excalate gradually.
jerry burgersethical replica of the milgram experiment, 150 voltz only, 55% obedience.


Question Answer
collective effort modelpeople will contribute to group if they believe their efforts will be important, relevant, and meaningful for achieving valuable outcome.
social faciliationenhanced perfomance on easy tasks due to presence of others, impared performance on hard tasks due to others.
reindividuationloss of identity and deviant contraints. (unruly crowd to mob.)
group brainstormingincreases production of creative ideas by encouraging members to speak freely w/out critrisizing.
group polarizationintial tendencies of group memebers relate to their actions.(risky peeps, risky bussiness.)
group thinkgroup decision making style characterized by excess concurrence.
tragedy of commonsasshole ruining the park.
prisoner's dillemacooperative vs. competitive decision. if both choose competitive both suffer more than if they cooperted.


Question Answer
evolutionary -aggressionit's a guy thing
physiological - aggressiontestostorone hella
behavioralists - aggressionbehavior s learened via observation, direct experience, and reward/punishment.
fustration aggressuin hypothetis1. frustration always elicits frustration 2. all aggresion is caused by aggression
factors that influence aggressionaversion to experiences, frustrations, crowds, heat, provocation.
sex diff in aggressionwomen (indirect, less. ) male (highly eggresive.)
weapons effectlikelihood of fightin when there are weapons presen
desensitazationreduction of emotional responce due to repeated exposure to it.
cultivationtv makes a dagerous world.


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kin selectionpreference of helping genetic relatives.
reciprocal autruismhelping others so that they will help you.
mood & helpingincrease when in a good mood, sligh decrase when negative mood.
scientific theory selectionusing surveys to select jurors


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hawthorn effectworkers increased their output based on having special attention, not any of the room differences but the attention.
endowmentcharging more for something you own.
loss aversionpeople who lose, tend to keep on losing.
sunk cost fallacyonly future cost/benefits count while past due not.