Final Exam Review English 12

deanboonmun's version from 2015-06-03 03:11


Question Answer
1) What are the 2 kinds of satire?a. Horatian (Happy, brings a smile as it gently mocks human folly), b. Juvenalian (Angry, bitter, juvenile)
2) What type of satire is “A Modest Proposal”?a. Juvenalian
3) Who does Swift blame for the Irish’s problems?a. English (Anglo-Irish)
4) What is the central problem of the Irish?a. The English charge too high rents, they won’t allow the Irish to export linen or crops.
5) Name satire’s tools:a. Irony (verbal) b. Exaggeration: related to caricature, parody c. Reversal/incongruency
6) What is satire’s purpose?a. To improve society
7) What did Henry Fielding say about satire?a. The satirist is to be regarded as our physician, not our enemy.

The Road

Question Answer
1) What is the father’s purpose?a. To protect the boy, b. To train him to deal with the world in which they live.
2) Does the father believe in God?a. Yes – at the beginning, the father says of the boy: “If he is not the word of God, God never spoke.” b. He makes references to God throughout the book. c. He makes references to “carrying the fire.”
3) How does the boy demonstrate hope?a. By seeking to help others, even when they have harmed his father and he, such as when he wanted to help the man who had stolen all their supplies at the beach. b. The boy also wanted to help the man struck by lightning, even though he and he father really didn’t have anything to spare.
4) What is the role of dogs in the story?a. Dogs may be seen as representing hope, decency, goodness, etc. b. Wild animals have died off, and to keep a dog, as the family that takes over the boy do, represents the qualities in “a.”

Macbeth and Tragic Heroes

Question Answer
What is a Foil? A foil is a character that, by contrast, sets off or helps to define another character.
What is a Soliloquy? Speech unheard by other characters, giving the character’s innermost thoughts.
What is a Monologue? A speech by one character, heard by the other characters.
1) Comic relief is introduced to relieve tension in the play.a. The “Hell Porter,” at Macbeth’s castle, who drunkenly welcomes Macduff, is intended as comic relief. His character is darker in the movie than he actually is in the play.

Macbeth and Tragic Heroes (2)

Question Answer
Tragic Heroes2) The tragic hero is nobly born, and is at first notable for his greatness/great qualities. Note Macbeth is originally seen as an heroic figure. 3) The tragic hero’s “tragic flaw” is a failing that brings him down. 4) The tragic hero, the story’s protagonist, battles his antagonist. 5) The tragic hero ends as he has begun, showing his noble qualities as he fights his last battle.

Macbeth and Tragic Heroes (3)

Question Answer
Macbeth6) Macbeth is about a struggle over the kingdom of Scotland. 7) While the three witches – “weird sisters” greet Macbeth as future king, they greet his foil, the loyal Banquo, as father of kings, though he won’t be king himself. 8) Macbeth, even though he kills Duncan at his wife’s urging, does not believe Duncan has wronged him. a. He is troubled, and sees a bloody dagger as he goes toward Duncan’s room. b. Later, when he is remorseful of his murder, Macbeth fears he has lost his soul to benefit Banquo.

Macbeth and Tragic Heroes (4)

Question Answer
9) Lady Macbeth:.a. Takes a male role initially, calling on the gods to “unsex” her, and telling Macbeth she would kill her child, if she had committed to be king. b. She shows regret by her sleepwalking

Jane Eyre

Question Answer
What is a FoilA foil is a character that, by contrast, sets off or helps to define another character.
1) Who are foils in Jane Eyre?Rochester and St. John.
4) A Byronic/Romantic hero is:a. Believes in the goodness of human nature. b. Stands outside of society’s hierarchy. c. Is passionate and follows his/her passions (think Jane’s love for Rochester.)
5) What is a ward?a. A minor for whom an adult is responsible.
6) Describe Jane and Rochester’s first meeting.a. Rochester falls from his horse, who is spooked by Jane; he does not give Jane his name.
7) How does Jane react to Grace Poole’s composure after the fire?She is distressed and suspicious
8) Who is Bertha Mason?a. Rochester’s mad wife.
9) What kills Mrs. Reed?Grief over John’s drinking himself to death and gambling away the family fortune.
10) Why does Mrs. Reed hate Jane?a. She was the favorite child of her husband; Jane was her husband’s beloved sister’s daughter. b. What does she do for revenge against Jane? i. She tells Jane’s rich uncle who wants to adopt her that Jane died at Lowood. c. How does Jane say good bye to Mrs. Reed? i. She forgives Mrs. Reed.
11) Why is Jane wealthy?The uncle wills her his money.
12) What does she do with her wealth?Shares it with St. John and his sisters (her cousins)
13) Are St. John and Rochester alike? How are they alike or unalike?They are not alike: St. John represses his feelings for Miss Oliver; Rochester pursues his passions.
14) Who is Blanche Ingram? Describe her.a. The beautiful heiress who wants to marry Rochester. b. She is not kind to children; she would send Adele away to boarding school.