Final Exam Part 1

amsykes's version from 2015-12-04 13:12

Section 1

Question Answer
General plan of action to solve a social problem, counter a threat, or pursue an objective.Public policy
All important decision are made by a chose fewElite theory
Government becomes the equilibrium point in the system, mediating between the competing interestsInterest groups
Government and non-government are under the control of bureaucracy;Bureaucratic theory
political resources are so scattered that no single group could ever gain a monopolyPluralistic theory
"In any given political controversy, all participants get something." Robert Dahl

Section 2

Question Answer
Multiple forces pull the government structure in different directions; make problem solving less coherent than it might otherwise beMultiplicity of participants
is divided by both separation of powers and federalismAuthority
results from conflict among branches or levels of government and from conflict within a single branchFragmentation
Two largest social spending programs paid for by the federal governmentThe New Deal and The Great Society
Prior to the 1930s the welfare system was private and was calledCharity; voluntary giving to the poor
True or False: After the Great Depression, the financial burden was too great for private charities to manage?True

Section 3

Question Answer
What was a major problem with the social welfare system? Discrimination (i.e. women of color, women with illegitimate children, ect.)
What program did Roosevelt implement to remedy the effects of the Great Depression? The New Deal
What program did Johnson implement to redress political, social, and economic inequalities? The Great Society
What program implemented a variety of programs designed to eradicate poverty by providing training, education, and jobs? The War on Poverty
What percentage of American's live in poverty? 15%

Section 4

Question Answer
What percentage of children under age six are in poverty? 25%
True or False: Of the 25% of impoverished children, the majority of their parents are working? True
The Social Security Act of 1935 was founded by.. The Welfare State
The Social Security Act of 1935 was divided into two categories.. Contributory (pay to receive-social security) and Non-contributory (don't pay to receive-unemployment/SNAP)
True or False: In order to receive non-contributory benefits a person must demonstrate a genuine need for assistance? True
What two factors jeopardize to social security system? Low birth rate and large number of elderly

Section 5

Question Answer
Program that cares for the elderly Medicare
Program to air the poor Medicaid
What percentage of Americans under 65 have no health insurance? 15%
In Texas, what percentage of people under 65 have no health insurance? 20%
Where does the U.S. rank on the Human Health index? 12th

Section 6

Question Answer
True or False: Over 70% of poor families earn the majority of their income? True
How many people who are eligible for SNAP actually receive benefits? 2/3rds
How is Texas ranked in terms of spending per pupil? 48th
How does Texas ranked in terms of adults 25 and older with high school diplomas? 50th
How does Texas rank in terms of 14-24 year olds completing high school? 43rd

Section 7

Question Answer
What are the two main theories concerning poverty? Cultural/Behavioral and Structural/Economical
Which poverty theory argues that poverty is caused by behavior, values, and culture? Cultural/Behavioral; Conservatives prefer this theory
"Poverty us simply the culture and the behavior of the poor." Charles Murray
Liberals state that conservatives have overstated the extent to which poverty and welfare are traps are in which families and individuals are traps. Structural/Economic
Proponent of the structural economic argument; after the civil war African American's went up north to work in factories. William Wilson

Section 8

Question Answer
59.4% of poverty spells last what period of time? One year
16.6% of poverty spells last what period of time? Two years
7.1% of poverty spells last what period of time? More than seven years

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