Film Test 2

lmcconnaghy's version from 2016-04-12 15:28

Section 1

Question Answer
Shotsingle uninterrupted run of the camera
Long Takea shot that can last one to 10 mins
Frameindividual picture
Deep focusshorter length
Shallow Focuslong focal length
Rack Focusshift from one plane of focus to another plane of focus then back to the first focus place
Depth of fieldhow much of the image will be in focus
Aspect Ratiorelationship between height and width of the image

Section 2

Question Answer
Dolly Shotallows for smooth transition; uses a track and cart
Trackinga smooth shot in which the camera moves alongside the subject
PanCamera moves horizontally
Tiltcamera moves vertically
Matte Shotan object that blocks a portion of an image
Close uphead up shot
Long Shotfull body image
Medium Shot has waist up image of two people; usually for conversation

Section 3

Question Answer
High Anglecamera is placed high looking down
Low Anglecamera is placed low looking up
Canted/Dutch angletilts the camera right or left
Zoom intechnique of moving a zoom lens from a wide angle position to a telephoto position; results in a magnification of the subject within a frame
Zoom outresults in the appearance that the subject is smaller than it is
Point of Viewtechnique in which the audience temporarily shares visual perspective of a character

Section 4

Question Answer
George Meliesused stop motion, slow motion, superimposed, fade, and double exposure. This allows for the illusions of magic tricks used in his films
Straight Cutediting two pieces of film to maintain continuity of action
Kuleshov Effectdescribes the phenomenon in which viewers derive more meanings from the interaction of 2 sequential shots than from a single shot on its own.
Pacethe speed/tempo of the dramatic action, which is usually enhanced by the soundtrack and the speed of the dialogue, the type of editing, etc.
Continuity Editing“invisible editing’; system devised to minimize the audience’s attention to the shot transition in order to improve the flow of the story
Disjunctive Editingvisible editing- variety of alternating editing practices that call attention to the cut
Alienating Effectsprevents the audience from losing itself completely in the narrative

Section 5

Question Answer
Iris In/Outa circular mask constricts around the image until the entire film is black
Flash forward/backan event that happened/has yet to happen in the story line
Fadeshot where shot A slowly disappears, goes black, then Shot B appears
Dissolvegradual disappearance of the image at the same time that the new image gradually comes into the view
Shot-reverse shotshot of one object, transition to another, then back to the original object
Ellipsisa move ahead/leap in time with the use of a fade or other editing to show the audience a change in setting
Establishing shotoffers a vision of the location and the relationship of the character to the environment

Section 6

Question Answer
Cover/Master shota single take that contains an entire scene
180-degree rulerule for positioning of the camera in order to maintain consistent screen direction
Axis of actionarea in which the camera must stay not confuse the audience. Allows for one perspective to be given
Jump Cutan edit that interrupts a particular action and creates discontinuity in the special or temporal development of shots
Eyeline Matchpreserves spatial continuity by using a character’s line of vision as a motivation for a cut
Narrative Sequencingthe arrangement of images to depict a unified story time

Section 7

Question Answer
Soviet Montageediting that highlights the differences between shots to produce meaning
Hollywood Montageused to designate a rapid sequence of shots used to describe an idea or to convey the passage of time
Reaction Shotsee the character’s reaction to an event
Match on Actionrule that states if a character is in the midst of an action, the subsequent shot must begin so that audiences see the completion of that action
Graphic Match- helps establish a strong continuity of action and linking the 2 shots metaphorically
Wipethe first frame of the incoming scene appears to push the last frame of the previous scene off the screen horizontally
Swish pana pan executed so quickly that it produces a blurred image, indicating rapid activity or a passage of time
Parallel editingthe editing together of 2 or more action that take place at same locations and different times
Intercuttingthe editing together of 2 or more action that take place at different locations and same time

Section 8

Question Answer
Sound Bridgesound from one scene bleeds over into the next scene
Sound Montageediting that exploits the difference between shot to generate intellectual and emotional responses in the audience
Diagetic soundhelp define an environment that the characters recognize
Nondiegetic soundfunctions as a form of direct address; explicit commentary on the image
Semi-diegeticone or a few characters hear a sound, while it is not actually in the world of the film.

Section 9

Question Answer
Source Musicmusic in a drama that is part of the fictional setting and is heard by the characters
Scorea musical accompaniment written specifically for a film
Cueslast word of one character's line of dialogue, when another performer is expected to 'pick up their cue' to speak.
Stingersforces the view to see an object/person on the screen
Mickey Mousingsyncs the accompanying music with the actions on screen

Section 10

Question Answer
On the Noseclunky dialogue that states the obvious
Textwords the character says
Line Readingthe way the actors says the line, including pausing and emotion
Subtextunstated meaning that underlies spoken words
Pitchfrequency on the musical scale

Section 11

Question Answer
Voice Offa voice is not part of the narrative
Voiceoverrefers to recorded dialogue, usually narration, that comes from an unseen, off-screen voice, character or narrator
Synchronouson screen noise (visible source)
Asynchronousoff screen noise (no visible source)
Foley Artistmember of the crew that creates sound effects

Section 12

Question Answer
Looping/ADRre-recording of the lines to match the video with the lips
Sound Mixingthe collection of recorded sounds are combined into one or more channels along with adjusting the many attributes of the sounds
Sound Editingassembling of sound recordings in a film
Parallelismwhen what we see matches what we hear
Counterpointthe use of contrast of two or more sounds
Sound Continuityunbroken sound effect across a shot transition that reinforces a sense of narrative continuity