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Federal Government Chapter 5

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amsykes's version from 2015-10-07 14:48

Section

Question Answer
Method in which every individual has an equal probability if being selected. Random Sample
A sample must be large enough to provide an accurate representation of population. Sample Size
Can generate measurement error. Question wording
Who is the "Father of Modern Polling." George Gallup
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Section

Question Answer
The U.S. practices what kind of Democracy? Pluralistic
The values and attitudes people have about issues, events, and personalities. Public Opinion
A person's basic position concerning politics. Values (or Beliefs)
Set of beliefs that form a general philosophy about the scope of government. Political Ideology
Specific view about a particular issue, event, or personality. Attitude (or opinion)
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Section

Question Answer
Type of issue that is more important to a given individual. Salient
Who contended that electorate only knows enough to impose their views and beliefs as the general direction the nation should take? Walter Lippman
Who contended that voters have enough information to make democracy work? V. O. Key
Who believes people gain political knowledge through ''information shortcuts''? Sam Popkin
Who believe that in spite of political knowledge, people tend to change their attitudes (flip-flop) based on new information? John Zaller
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Section

Question Answer
Concise set of beliefs that form a general philosophy about the for of government. Political Ideology
Those who generally support gov't intervention in the economic equality, expanded social services, and greater concern for consumers and the environment. Liberalism
Those who generally support general social and economic status quo and believe that a large and powerful government poses threat to citizen's freedom. Conservatism
The process by which beliefs and values are formed. Political Socialization
The process through which a person learns values, beliefs, and opinion. Socialization
What is the number one and arguably the most important agent of socialization? Family
Important effects on the views of a person who lived through them. Generational Effects
Getting older may shape a person's political opinions. Life-Changing Effects
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Section

Question Answer
Direct attention to specific topics. Agenda Setting
Influence how events are interpreted using carefully chosen words and images. Framing
Shaping how the audience evaluates leaders, events, or issues; determines who will or will not be taken seriously. Priming
Influence politics in their ability to set the agenda are assimilating a list of issues that people see as needing gov't attention. True Media Influence
"Impersonal influences"; media operate to make money; culture of fear. Diane Mutz
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Section

Question Answer
Men and women see issues differently due to their different life experiences. Gender Gap
The belief that you have the ability to influence government and politics Political Efficacy
Encouraging participation allow citizens to buy into the system Nationalism
Allow voters to make policies (usually on issues concerning money) Referendums
To be accurate, the poll must be based on a___ ___? Representative Sample
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Section

Question Answer
Skewed distribution Favors one side
Pushed towards the sides Bi-modal distribution
Bell curve Normal distribution
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Section

Question Answer
The effect that results when respondents in a survey answer how they think the interviewer wants them to instead of honestly Good Citizen Response/Halo Effect
New information causes voters to change opinions (Zaller) Inconsistent Responses
The effect the previous content of the interview might have on a specific question Framing Effects
If a question only mentions one side of a controversy, that side will often get a disproportionate number of responses Balance Arguments
When people are asked whether they disagree with an abstract statement, or one they are not familiar with, they tend to agree rather than disagree. Response Acquiescence
The public seldom splits into polar camps The Middle Position
Questions people ask the public that they know little or nothing about Filter questions
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Section

Question Answer
An unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion that has huge validity issues Modern Straw Poll
Purpose is not to gain information, but to weaken the respondent's support one's opponent Push Polls
What is the problem with surveys? You can't measure the intensity of the response
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