Famous Explorers in History

gscrafton111's version from 2017-07-18 01:50

Section 1

Question Answer
Roald Amundsen Roald Amundsen (1872 - 1928) was an explorer of the North and South Poles. He led the first expedition to reach the South Pole and was the first person to visit both the North and South Pole.
Ibn Battuta Ibn Battuta (1304 - 1369) spent 29 years traveling the world during the Middle Ages. During his travels, he covered around 75,000 miles of ground which included much of the Islamic Empire and beyond. He is known as one of the greatest travelers in world history.
Daniel BooneDaniel Boone (1734 - 1820) became one of America's first folk heroes. His exploits as a woodsman were legendary. He was an expert hunter, marksman, and tracker. He led the exploration and settlement of Kentucky.
Christopher ColumbusChristopher Columbus (1451 - 1506) is the explorer who is credited for discovering America. Of course, there were already people living in America at the time who we call Native Americans. There even was a European, Leif Ericsson, who had been to the Americas before. However, it was Columbus' voyage that started the exploration and colonization of the Americas. .

Section 2

Question Answer
Captain James CookJames Cook (1728 -1779) was a British navigator and explorer who sailed and mapped much of the South Pacific. Cook was given command of the Endeavour by England's Royal Society.
Hernan CortesHernan Cortes was born in MedellĂ­n, Spain in 1485. He came from a fairly famous family and his father was a captain in the Spanish army. His parents wanted him to become a lawyer and sent him to school to study law when he was fourteen. Cortes wasn't interested in becoming a lawyer and returned home when he was sixteen.
Vasco da GamaVasco da Gama (1460 - 1524) was a Portuguese explorer. He led the first expedition that traveled from Europe to India by sailing around Africa.
Sir Francis Drake(1540 - 1596) Drake and his fleet of five ships left England on November 15, 1577. He captained the largest ship, the Pelican, which he would later rename the Golden Hind. They had many adventures along the way. After three years of sailing, on September 26, 1580, the ship arrived back home in England. Drake's expedition was only the second in history to sail around the world.

Section 3

Question Answer
Sir Edmund HillarySir Edmund Hillary (1919 - 2008) was an explorer and mountain climber. Together with Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, he was the first to climb to the summit of Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.
Henry HudsonBorn: 1560s or 70s somewhere in England Died: 1611 or 1612 Hudson Bay, North America Best known for: Mapping the Hudson River and the North Atlantic
Lewis and ClarkLewis and Clark were asked by President Thomas Jefferson to explore and map the wild west of North America. They traveled across the country to the Pacific Ocean and back again.
Ferdinand MagellanBorn: 1480 in Portugal Died: April 27, 1521 in Cebu, Philippines Best known for: First to circumnavigate the globe.

Section 4

Question Answer
Francisco PizarroBorn: Around 1474 in Trujillo, Spain Died: June 26, 1541 in Lima, Peru Best known for: Conquering the Inca Empire
Marco PoloMarco Polo was a merchant and explorer who traveled throughout the Far East and China for much of his life. His stories were the basis for what much of Europe knew about Ancient China for many years. He lived from 1254 to 1324.
Juan Ponce de LeonBorn: c. 1474 in Santervas de Campos, Castile (Spain) Died: July 1521 in Havana, Cuba Best known for: Exploring Florida and searching for the Fountain of Youth
SacagaweaSacagawea was a Shoshone woman who assisted explorers Lewis and Clark as an interpreter and guide on their exploration of the west.

Section 5

Question Answer
Zheng HeZheng He (1371 - 1433) was a great Chinese explorer and fleet commander. He went on seven major expeditions to explore the world for the Chinese emperor and to establish Chinese trade in new areas.