The number of deaths per thousand of the population per year.
An estimate of how long the average person can be expected to live.
The divorce rate is the number of divorces that happen a year.
Natural population change
the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths in a population, resulting in either a natural increase or decrease.
a sequence of socially defined events and roles that the individual enacts over time, such as births, marriage and death.
a series of stages, like childhood and middle age, that characterize the course of existence of an individual, group, or culture.
the individualisation thesis by Beck argues that as a result of the weakening of the influence of traditional structures and norms, individuals are now freer to make their own life choices. This is leading to more family diversity, risk and instability.
from Giddens (1992). Unlike romantic love, confluent love is not necessarily monogamous, in the sense of sexual exclusiveness. What holds the pure relationship together is the acceptance on the part of each partner, ‘until further notice’, that each gains sufficient benefit from the relation to make its continuance worthwhile. Sexual exclusiveness here has a role in the relationship to the degree to which the partners mutually deem it desirable or essential’
one which exists solely to meet each others needs. Couples stay together for love, happiness or sexual attraction, rather than because of tradition or duty, or for the sake of the children. According to Giddens, it is increasingly regarded as the only acceptable basis for a relationship.
the decline of religion; the process whereby religious beliefs, practices and institutions lose their importance or influence; e.g. fewer couples now marry in church and many people disregard religious teachings on issues like divorce, homosexuality etc.
a society or institution that recognises and gives value to different cultures and/or ethnic groups: e.g. multi-cultural education teaches children about the cultures of other groups, not just the dominant or majority culture.
An approach to immigration policy that believes immigrants should adopt the language, values and customs of the ‘host community’ or country in which they settle.
Legal changes refer to changes in law and government policy also known as social policy. There are a number of significant legal changes which have occurred in the last forty years, which have affected the shape and nature of families and households.
Are political, culture or religious changes. There have been many changes in values toward households, families and marriage.
The term social change is used to indicate the changes that take place in human interactions and interrelations.
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