Family Sociologists

izzym's version from 2015-05-20 11:09


Question Answer
LeachMedia representation of the family - 'Cereal Packet Image' - male is the breadwinner, female is the housewife
Allan and CrowFamily has become hard to define due to it's complex nature. Marriage is now more of a relationship - people expect emotional fulfillment - not all elderly people are dependent, elderly population are becoming more fit and self-reliant than we are lead to believe
Barrett and McIntoshFamilies that aren't nuclear are made to feel devalued and inadequate
Young and WilmottFamily has changed due to changes in society - roles undertaken by men and women were symmetrical with a sharing of domestic tasks, child care and decision making, shift from 'segregated conjugal roles' to 'joint conjugal roles'
Roseneil and BudgeonHouseholds - 'families of choice'
MurdochFamily is a 'universal institution' - necessary - organic analogy - four functions of the family: Economic, Educational, Sexual, Reproductive
Parsonsfamily becoming more specialized - 2 important functions: socialization of children and stabilization of adult personalities - instrumental and expressive needs of society - instrumental = practical, male expressive - emotional, female
EngelsEarly human relationships were promiscuous - family only developed once people owned property - make sure it went to offspring - with inheritance there had to be restrictions on women's sexual freedom
ZaretskyFamily working in the modern capitalist society is alienating and provides little fulfilment - people seek refuge in the family - family can't meet high expectations being placed upon it - 1970s housewives kept capitalism going doing free household tasks - family is also a unit of consumption
RapoportsFamily diversity - Organisational, Cultural, Cohort, Class based, Stage in life cycle


Question Answer
BrannenBeanpole families
Grundy and HenrettaWomen aged 55 - 69 are the 'sandwich generation'
Smart et alChildren's experience of co-parenting - children valued having both parents in their life
Berthoud and BeishonLooked at data from the 4th National Survey of Ethnic Minorities, found - higher degree of divorce in British-African people - higher degree of lone mothers in British African-Caribbean, mothers more likely to be in employment, British South Asians are more likely to get married
Modood et alYoung Asians are less likely to speak their native language - represents a cultural shift
SinghChanges in Sikh communities - feeling of mutual help within the community was being replaced with a sense of individualism - Sikh parents worried their children are growing up in a society where they can't learn Punjabi
BoseLooked at the Bangladeshi community living in London Tower Hamlets which represents a changing community, the family is subject to 'dual forces' - maintaining traditional values and the changing external environment
Dale et alWomen's economic activity within ethnic groups and their changes over time


Question Answer
FosterFound extended family members living close to each other in an East London Community
OakleyClass is relevant in the division of labour tasks in the home - middle class they are more shared
BordieuChildren in upper/middle class acquire 'cultural capital'
BernsteinMiddle class children learnt to speak in 'elaborated code' - working class 'restricted code'
Weeks et alThere is an increasing amount of choice in gay and lesbian families - 'chosen families'
StaceyUses the term 'postmodern family' and claims that the family no longer progresses through a series of stages - no dominant family type in the UK
DuncanChallenges assumption that teen pregnancy is a social problem
DennisRelationship between crime and family type - boys with no male role model more likely to turn to crime


Question Answer
GiddensChange in relationship from them being based on reproduction and economics to the importance of 'romantic love' in the 18th century to what he now calls 'confluent love' - love that need not last forever if it's not the right person
MarsdenSaw emotion work as part of women's invisible work from interviews of 40 white couples - 'triple shift' - paid work, emotion work, childcare and housework
GarrodIssues concerning relationships between parents, children and society are of increasing importance to politicians - professional mothers spend 3 x more time on domestic work than men
DunneIn lesbian relationships where children were involved there was more flexibility and more negotiation than in heterosexual couples
GabbGendered roles are constantly reviewed and reworked in lesbian families - concerned with the lack of status for the 'other mother' as they can feel like they are the non-mother as they didn't give birth - the 'other mother' has a lack of social, legal or birth rights and if a relationship were to break down, access to the children would be at the discretion of the birth mother
Hatter et alFour types of dad: Enforcer dad, Entertainer dad, Useful dad, Fully involved dad
DermottShift from the male breadwinner to the 'intimate father' their paid work is becoming less central - children becoming more of a priority
EdgellMiddle class families - difference in the areas in which men and women made decisions - men made the important decisions, women made less important decisions - men hold the power


Question Answer
GatrellChildren are a focus for power among couples - interviewed 20 professional working couples with pre school children - men felt they were denied privileges due to partners employment
Dobash and DobashBrought domestic violence to people's attention in the 1970s and their recent work claims that women victims of it are not hopeless or helpless and were actually seeking guidance or advice
Vogler and PahlWhen cutbacks had to be made women were more likely to reduce spending on their own food and clothing so that their children and husband did not suffer
PahlInterviewed 102 couples with at least one child under 16, with some income and looked at different types of money management and found: Husband controlled and Wife controlled
Finch and MasonDivorce doesn't always sever family member relationships