EXAM3 - Readings and Notes

andybearrr's version from 2015-12-11 23:29

First Reading

Question Answer
Bellori starts with a reference to the nature of things above and below the moon; how does that relate to the point he wants to make about art?
Bellori starts with a reference to the nature of things above and below the moon; how does this reference to cosmology relate to what Bellori has to say about Raphael, and about Caravaggio?
Bellori starts with a reference to the nature of things above and below the moon; ultimately (MOST IMPORTANT), how does it relate to our discussion about the distinction between realism and idealism?
What things does Sandrart say Rembrandt's training, and also his art, are lacking?
How does Sandrart's opinion of Rembrandt compare to Bellori's opinion of Caravaggio?


Question Answer
What does Géricault say about the critics’ tendency to view works of art, including his own, as a political statements?"height of ridicule" - if people had actually experienced it they would feel differently
Can you guess from Géricault’s remarks what his own political orientation might be?liberal?
In the poem, Bryant gives Cole a sort of warning—what does Bryant imply he wants Cole to avoid?don't forget the wilder america
What distinction is being made (again implicitly, or perhaps we should say, poetically) between America and Europe?wild versus tamed (man made)
In the funeral oration, Bryant refers to a contemporary German painter named Johann Friedrich Overbeck, who was part of a mid-nineteenth century movement in art that aimed at returning to traditional religious subjects, painted in a pre-High Renaissance style, what criticism does Bryant make of Overbeck’s attempt to bring a sense of spirituality back into art?repetitive and still have a submissive awe
What qualities do Cole’s paintings have that make them equally, and even more persuasively, “religious”?show the diversity and awe of creation


Question Answer
Does Salmon give any indication as to why it was necessary or desirable for Picasso to make a painting with the qualities Salmon attributes to the Demoiselles D’Avignon?
What does Salmon seem to be saying are the positive qualities of the painting?gives a total representation of man,
left impressionism behind (development could not be stopped)
Is it possible to discern a political orientation in Salmon’s comments, or does he seem detached from political matters?
What do you think Linda Nochlin (author of last week’s reading “The Imaginary Orient”) might make of the references to non-Western cultures (particularly African) in Picasso’s painting, and Salmon’s text?
What kind of critique would an Orientalist analysis of the painting and text yield?
If you were to base an interpretation of the Warhol painting shown below on Warhol’s comments in this text, what would you say was the significance of the work for Warhol?american freedom (equality)
What idea about America, and about popular culture, does the painting express? Is it a positive judgment of that culture, or a negative one?equality, famousness isn't important
Linda Nochlin begins her essay by criticizing an exhibition of Orientalist paintings that took place in 1982, shortly before she wrote her essay. Which of the following is among the faults she finds in this exhibition?
1. The exhibition excluded the work of Realist painters, such as Gustave Courbet
2. The exhibition did not place sufficient focus on aesthetic qualities and painting technique
3. The exhibition did not take account of the political and ideological dimension of the works it exhibited
4. The curators of the exhibition failed to display certain works by Delacroix and Gérôme that some viewer might have found racially offensive
In Edward Said’s (and Nochlin’s) definition of the term, ‘Orientalism’ refers to:
1. A kind of European painting that imitates the stylistic characteristics of Oriental painting
2. A kind of Eastern painting that imitates the style of Western painting
3. The characteristic way in which Westerners (i.e. Europeans) tended to view Middle Eastern people and cultures during the 19th century
4. The characteristic way in which people from the ‘Orient’ (in particular the Middle East) tended to view European culture during the 19th century
5. The characteristic way in which people from the Middle East tended to view their own culture during the 19th century
Which of the following aspects of Gérôme’s The Snake Charmer is NOT among those which Nochlin points out in making her argument that the painting exemplifies Edward Said’s concept of ‘Orientalism’?
1. The fact that the viewer is not intended to identify with the people watching the nude boy
2. The absence of any reference to the presence of Westerners in the Middle Eastern world
3. The asymmetrical composition of the painting, which was not characteristic of Middle Eastern painting
4. The absence of reference to efforts that were being made to modernize the Middle East in the 19th century
What does Nochlin have to say about the cracked tiles in Gérôme’s Snake Charmer?
1. They represent a stylistic link to European painting tradition, and therefore they represent an imposition of the Western tradition on Middle Eastern culture
2. They represent a factual inaccuracy, as the type of tiles that appear in the painting were never used in the construction of mosques, and would have been considered impious
3. They are symptomatic of a Western assumption that people in the Middle Eastern world are corrupt and idle, and by implication unable to keep their buildings in good repair
4. They represent the physical devastation inflicted by Western colonial powers on the religious buildings and monuments of the Middle East
Which of the two photographs above would Nochlin likely see as an example of Orientalism?
1. The photograph on the left
2. The photograph on the right
1 (the one with a camel and fancy lighting, no modernization)
Which of the following is NOT a claim or observation that Nochlin makes regarding Delacroix’s Death of Sardanapalus?
1. Unlike Gerome, Delacroix was not primarily interested in historical accuracy
2. Unlike Gerome’s painting, in Delacroix’s the primary issue is not colonialism and ethnicity but sex and gender
3. Delacroix’s painting expresses the 19th-century French attitude that men can use certain women’s bodies as they please
4.Though some critics were appalled when Delacroix’s painting was first exhibited, others defended the work as an accurate expression of the moral decay of Middle Eastern culture
5. The Oriental setting of Delacroix’s painting allowed the artist distance himself from the sexually sadistic desires represented in the scene