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EXAM2 - Questions 3

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andybearrr's version from 2015-11-09 22:13

 

Question Answer

This painting served as:
1. An image for use in private devotion
2. An altarpiece in the cathedral of Siena
3. A decoration for the government headquarters of Siena
4. A reliquary for a holy relic
2

The figures in the small circular images along the top of this altarpiece are:
1. The Four Evangelists (authors of the Gospels)
2. Four of Jesus’s apostles
3. Four Old Testament Prophets
4. Four martyr saints
3

The two figures on the far left and right sides of this image are:
1. St. John the Evangelist and St. Anne
2. The patron saints of Siena
3. An Old Testament prophet and a Sybil
4. Christ and the Virgin Mary
2

The palm fronds in the hands of the two figures on the far left and right symbolize:
1. The Holy Spirit
2. Martyrdom
3. The Incarnation
4. The Annunciation
2

The style of the frame of this altarpiece is:
1. Egyptian
2. Classical
3. Romanesque
4. Gothic
4

What did St. Bernardino of Siena say about this painting in his sermon of c. 1425?
1. That the expense of the gold used for the background would have been better spent on relieving the misery of the poor.
2. That the beauty of the figures and richness of the materials demonstrate the piety of the people of Siena.
3. That young women should take the painting as a reminder of the importance of chastity
4. That the Sienese won their war against the Florentines thanks to a miracle worked by the painting
3
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Question Answer

In Italian, the word duomo means:
1. ‘Dome’
2. ‘Cathedral’
3. ‘Man’
4. ‘To live alone’
2

This church is dedicated to
1. The Virgin Mary
2. Jesus
3. A martyr saint
4. One of the twelve apostles
1

This building took approximately how long to complete?
1. 25 years
2. 75 years
3. 125 years
4. 175 years
3

Who was the architect who designed the dome on the is church?
1. Leon Battista Alberti
2. Filippo Brunelleschi
3. Michelangelo Buonarroti
4. Andrea Palladio
2

The person who designed this dome also:
1. Wrote a treatise on painting
2. Created the first free-standing nude sculpture since antiquity
3. Invented linear perspective
4. Led a return to the Gothic style in art
3

In his the Introduction to his Treatise on Painting Leon Battista Alberti praised the city of Florence for:
1. Introducing the French Gothic style to Italy
2. Reviving the arts, which Alberti believed had been lost since antiquity
3. Creating a new banking system, which was the basis for the city's wealth
4. Maintaining the city's Republican form of government in the face of foreign threats
2

In the introduction of his Treatise on Painting, Leon Battista Alberti praises Brunelleschi for constructing the dome of Florence's duomo without:
1. The use of mathematics
2. A compass
3. Centering
4. Bankrupting the city of Florence
3
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Question Answer

This church is located in
1. Florence
2. Siena
3. Mantua
4. Milan
3

The person who designed this building also:
1. Wrote a treatise on painting
2. Created the first free standing nude sculpture since antiquity
3. Invented linear perspective
4. Led a return to the Gothic style in art
1

This building combines which two architectural forms?
1. Pendentives and Pediments
2. Classical temple front and triumphal arch
3. Egyptian pylon and flying buttresses
4. Gothic ornament and classical entablature
2

Which of the following appears in the interior of this church?
1. Coffers
2. Side chapels
3. Pointed arches
4. 1 & 2 5. 2 & 3
4
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Which of the following monuments does the architecture in this painting most closely
Question Answer
resemble?
1. The Parthenon
2. The Temple of Fortuna Virilis
3. The Arch of Titus
4. The Pantheon
3

Who are the two figures standing on either side of the cross, just below Jesus?
1. Mary and Saint John the Evangelist
2. Mary and Saint John the Baptist
3. Mary and Saint Peter
4. The donors (those who paid for the painting)
4

Who are the two figure kneeling on the ledge just above the skeleton?
1. Mary and Saint John the Evangelist
2. Mary and Saint John the Baptist
3. Mary and Saint Peter
4. The donors (those who paid for the painting)
1

The perspectival technique used for the first time in this painting is called:
1. Atmospheric perspective
2. Diminution
3. Linear perspective
4. Overlapping
3

The style of Christ’s physiognomy in this painting represents a general trend in 15th-century Italian art toward increased:
1. Naturalism
2. Idealism
3. Realism
4. 1 & 2 5. 1 & 3
4

In the introduction to his Treatise on Painting, Leon Battista Alberti praises which three artists for bringing the arts back to life and rivaling the greatness of the ancients?
1. Simone Martini, Donatello and Masaccio
2. Donatello, Masaccio and Brunelleschi
3. Masaccio, Donatello and Botticelli
4. Donatello, Botticelli and Leonardo da Vinci
2
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Question Answer

Both of these statues depict:
1. The Old Testament hero David
2. The New Testament hero David
3. The Roman god Apollo
4. The Roman god Mars
1

The original location of the marble statue was:
1. The exterior of Florence Cathedral
2. The headquarters of the republican government of Florence
3. The home of a member of the Medici family
4. A private side chapel belonging to the Medici family
1

An inscription on the base of the marble statue:
1. Dedicates the statue to the Medici family
2. Dedicates the statue to a monastery in exchange for the prayers of the monks
3. Commemorates a deceased Florentine soldier
4. Asks God for help in protecting the Florentine Republic from its enemies
4

The original location of the bronze statue was:
1. The exterior of Florence Cathedral
2. The headquarters of the republican government of Florence
3. The home of a member of the Medici family
4. A private side chapel belonging to the Medici family
3

Which of these is closer to the Gothic style?
1. The marble statue
2. The bronze statue
1

The bronze statue has the distinction of being
1. The first work of Renaissance art to return to the Greco-Roman style
2. The first freestanding nude statue since ancient times
3. The first depiction of David made by a Florentine artist
4. The last Gothic style work made by Donatello
2

What aspects of the bronze statue could have been perceived as a threat to Christian doctrine and values?
1. The figure’s sensuous nude body
2. The statue's freestanding, “in the round”, format
3. The depiction of an Old Testament subject rather than a New Testament subject
4. 1 & 2 5. 1 & 3
1
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Question Answer

Who made this painting?
1. Simone Martini
2. Masaccio
3. Botticelli
4. Robert Campin
3

Around when was this painting made?
1. 1290
2. 1390
3. 1490
4. 1590
3

Where was this painting originally located?
1. In the home of a member of the Medici family
2. On the main altar of the cathedral of Florence
3. In the home of the artist
4. In a private side chapel in a Florentine church
4

A predella is:
1. Part of an altarpiece
2. Part of a Renaissance façade
3. Part of an illuminated manuscript
4. Part of a fresco painting
1

Which of the following is true about the relationship between this painting and Simone Martini’s Annunciation?
1. The iconography of this painting is different than that of Simone
2. This painting employs linear perspective, while Simone’s does not
3. This painting is more abstractthan Simone’s
4. This painting is more idealized, while Simone's paintingdisplays touches of realism
2

Which of the following is true about the relationship between this painting and Simone Martini’s Annunciation?
1. Simone’s painting is more naturalistic
2. This painting’s frame is in the all’antica style
3. This painting employs moregold leaf
4. Simone’s painting was not made for a church
still 2
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Question Answer

What aspect of the medium of this painting was novel at the time it was made?
1. It is painted with tempera paint
2. It is painted with oil paint
3. It is painted on wood panel
4. It is painted on canvas The original location of this painting was:
1. The exterior of Florence Cathedral
2. The headquarters of the republican government of Florence
3. The home of a member of the Medici family
4. A private side chapel belonging to the Medici family
4 and then 3
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Question Answer

The pose of the figure of Venus in this painting was inspired by:
1. Botticelli’s mistress
2. A passage from Polycleitus’s treatise on perfect human proportions
3. An ancient Greek statue
4. A passage from Leon Battista Alberti’s Treatise on Painting which describes ideal female beauty
3

Which of the following figures lived in Florence in Botticelli’s time, and would likely have approved of Botticelli’s Venus?
1. Marsillio Ficino
2. Girolamo Savonarola
3. Bernardino da Siena
4. Bernard of Clairvaux
1

Which of the following figures lived in Florence in Botticelli’s time, and would likely have disapproved of Botticelli’s Venus?
1. Marsillio Ficino
2. Girolamo Savonarola
3. Bernardino da Siena
4. Bernard of Clairvaux
2

In the 1490s, Botticelli became a follower of:
1. Marsillio Ficino
2. Girolamo Savonarola
3. Bernardino da Siena
4. Bernard of Clairvaux
2

Girolamo Savonarola was:
1. A Florentine banker
2. A Neo-Platonist philosopher
3. A Florentine artist
4. A preacher
4
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