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EXAM2 - Questions 1

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andybearrr's version from 2015-11-09 21:21

 

Question Answer

Under which emperor was this built?
1. Augustus
2. Caracalla
3. Constantine
4. Justinian
3

This church was constructed on the site of:
1. The burial place of St. Peter
2. Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount
3. Jesus’s crucifixion
4. Constantine’s conversion to Christianity
1

This building was demolished around the year:
1. 500 B.C.
2. 500 A.D.
3. 1000 A.D.
4. 1500 AD
4

The word ‘ecclesia’ is Greek for:
1. Temple
2. Altar
3. Assembly
4. Basilica
3

The taking of bread and wine at the Christian mass is called:
1. Sermon
2. Eucharist
3. Ecclesia Martyrium
2

Which of the following terms does NOT relate to the martyrium building type?
1. Pilgrimage
2. Relic
3. Purgatory
4. Triumphal Procession
4

The plan of this church is primarily:
1. Axial
2. Central
3. A combination of axial and central
4. Neither axial nor central
1

What is the name of the central aisle in building of the basilica type?
1. Corridor
2. Transept
3. Nave
4. Apse
3

What is the name of the semi-circular niche at the end of the nave in a basilica?
1. Corridor
2. Transept
3. Nave
4. Apse
4

This building was built during the reign of which emperor?
1. Titus
2. Trajan Decius
3. Constantine
4. Justinian
4

The ancient city of Constantinople is now called
1. Rome
2. Istanbul
3. Palmyra
4. Ravenna
2

The interiors of Byzantine churches are typically ornamented by
1. Fresco paintings
2. Gold mosaics
3. Stained glass
4. Ornamentation was not permitted
2

In describing the interior of Hagia Sophia, Justinian’s court historian emphasizes:
1. The cost of the materials
2. The labor source required for its construction
3. The otherworldly feeling the interior space creates
4. The use of pendentives to support the dome
3

This building was intended to surpass which of the following buildings:
1. The Egyptian temple of Amun
2. The Greek temple of Athena Nike
3. The Roman Colosseum
4. The Roman Pantheon
4

The spherical, triangular elements which channel the weight of the dome to the piers are called:
1. Apses
2. Pendentives
3. Capitals
4. Coffers
2

The plan of this church is primarily:
1. Axial
2. Central
3. A combination of axial and central
4. Neither axial nor central
3

Where is the church of Sant’Apollinare in Classe located?
1. Italy
2. Greece
3. Germany
4 France
1

The structure in which these mosaics appear is called a:
A. Transept
B. Clerestory
C. Apse
D. pendentive
c

Saint Appollinare was important because he:
A. Died a martyr near Ravenna
B. Paid for this church
C. Abolished the pagan gods
D. Legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire
a

The upper portion of this mosaic represents:
1. Jesus’s birth
2. The Transfiguration
3. Jesus’s Ascent into heaven after his death
4. The Last Supper
2

Inscriptions in which two languages appear on this mosaic?
A. Greek and French
B. Greek and Italian
C. Greek and German
D. Greek and Latin
D

In Christian iconography, the Greek letters Alpha and Omega refer to:
A. the initials of Jesus’s name in Greek
B. The idea that Jesus is eternal and hence “first and last”
C. The Bible chapter and verse in which the story of the Transfiguration of Christ is told
D. The place where Jesus was crucified
b

Stylistically, this work is closest to the images on:
A. Hunefer’s Book of the Dead
B. The Arch of Titus reliefs
C. The Traveling Musicians mosaic
D. The grave stele of Hegeso
A

What is the name for a panel painting that depicts a portrait of Christ, Mary or a Saint?
A. Mosaic
B. AIllumination
C. Icon
D. Relic
C

The apostle Saint Luke was believed to have:
1. Been the first to destroy religious images on the grounds that they violate the second commandment
2. Had his portrait painted by the Virgin Mary after Jesus’s death
3. Had his portrait painted by Jesus before the crucifixion
4. Painted a portrait of the Virgin Mary when she appeared to him in a vision
4

What does the second commandment of the Old Testament prohibit?
A. Adultery
B. Making representational images
C. Building temples or churches
D. Disobeying one’s parents
B

Which Greek term means “the breaking of images”?
A. Transubstantiation
B. Iconoclasm
C. Iconography
D. Iconophile
B

The monastery of Daphni is very close to
1. Rome
2. Cairo
3. Pompeii
4. Athens
4

The Christian symbol of the cross derives from:
A. A Hebrew symbol for eternal life
B. A Roman symbol of virtue
C. A Roman method of execution
D. The four directions of the compass
A

The figures on either side of Jesus are:
1. Mary and Saint John the Evangelist
2. Mary and Saint John the Baptist
3. Mary and Saint Peter
4. Mary and Saint Paul
1
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Question Answer

The blood dripping onto the skull is a reference to:
1. Jesus as the ‘solution’ to original sin
2. The doctrine of the trinity
3. The pathos of Jesus’s death
4. The conquest of Christianity over Paganism
1

In Christian religious practice, the word “penitence” refers to:
1. The ritual of taking of bread and wine
2. The feeling of sorrow and regret for having sinned
3. The state of holiness conferred by martyrdom
4. The practice of traveling to places where relics are kept in order to venerate them
2

This work is located in:
1. Italy
2. Egypt
3. Greece
4. Ireland
3
“Pantocrator” means
1. “All the gods”
2. “All-powerful”
3. “Merciful”
4. “Suffering”
1
memorize

 

Question Answer

This carving is the product of a culture based in:
1. Greece
2. Italy
3. Ireland
4. Norway
4

Viking raiders began to attack the British Isles and Northern Europe around
1. 200 B.C.
2. 400 A.D.
3. 800 A.D.
4. 1500 A.D.
3

This object originally decorated a:
1. Nordic church
2. Viking ship
3. Triumphal Arch
4. Entrance to a monastery
2

The emotion this object was intended to illicit is:
1. Joy
2. Fear
3. Sadness
4. Calm
2

The intertwining patterns on this carving are similar to those found in:
1. Byzantine mosaics
2. Medieval Illuminated manuscripts
3. Classical Greek friezes
4. The Egyptian Book of the Dead
2

These images were created in a monastery in:
1. Greece
2. Germany
3. Ireland
4. Norway
3

The world “monastery” comes from the Latin word meaning:
1. To praise God
2. To live alone
3. To feel penitent
4. To die a martyr
2

What term is used to refer to a painting in a medieval manuscript?
1. Fresco
2. Relief
3. Icon
4. Illumination
4

The peacocks to either side of Christ’s head symbolize:
1. Vanity
2. The Holy Land
3. Eternal life
4. Original Sin
3

The intertwining forms in this image derive from:
1. Roman art
2. Nordic art
3. Greek art
4. Byzantine art
2

The style of the figures in these images is best described as:
1. Realistic
2. Naturalistic
3. Idealized
4. Abstract
4
memorize