EXAM2 - Questions 1

andybearrr's version from 2015-11-09 21:21


Question Answer

Under which emperor was this built?
1. Augustus
2. Caracalla
3. Constantine
4. Justinian

This church was constructed on the site of:
1. The burial place of St. Peter
2. Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount
3. Jesus’s crucifixion
4. Constantine’s conversion to Christianity

This building was demolished around the year:
1. 500 B.C.
2. 500 A.D.
3. 1000 A.D.
4. 1500 AD

The word ‘ecclesia’ is Greek for:
1. Temple
2. Altar
3. Assembly
4. Basilica

The taking of bread and wine at the Christian mass is called:
1. Sermon
2. Eucharist
3. Ecclesia Martyrium

Which of the following terms does NOT relate to the martyrium building type?
1. Pilgrimage
2. Relic
3. Purgatory
4. Triumphal Procession

The plan of this church is primarily:
1. Axial
2. Central
3. A combination of axial and central
4. Neither axial nor central

What is the name of the central aisle in building of the basilica type?
1. Corridor
2. Transept
3. Nave
4. Apse

What is the name of the semi-circular niche at the end of the nave in a basilica?
1. Corridor
2. Transept
3. Nave
4. Apse

This building was built during the reign of which emperor?
1. Titus
2. Trajan Decius
3. Constantine
4. Justinian

The ancient city of Constantinople is now called
1. Rome
2. Istanbul
3. Palmyra
4. Ravenna

The interiors of Byzantine churches are typically ornamented by
1. Fresco paintings
2. Gold mosaics
3. Stained glass
4. Ornamentation was not permitted

In describing the interior of Hagia Sophia, Justinian’s court historian emphasizes:
1. The cost of the materials
2. The labor source required for its construction
3. The otherworldly feeling the interior space creates
4. The use of pendentives to support the dome

This building was intended to surpass which of the following buildings:
1. The Egyptian temple of Amun
2. The Greek temple of Athena Nike
3. The Roman Colosseum
4. The Roman Pantheon

The spherical, triangular elements which channel the weight of the dome to the piers are called:
1. Apses
2. Pendentives
3. Capitals
4. Coffers

The plan of this church is primarily:
1. Axial
2. Central
3. A combination of axial and central
4. Neither axial nor central

Where is the church of Sant’Apollinare in Classe located?
1. Italy
2. Greece
3. Germany
4 France

The structure in which these mosaics appear is called a:
A. Transept
B. Clerestory
C. Apse
D. pendentive

Saint Appollinare was important because he:
A. Died a martyr near Ravenna
B. Paid for this church
C. Abolished the pagan gods
D. Legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire

The upper portion of this mosaic represents:
1. Jesus’s birth
2. The Transfiguration
3. Jesus’s Ascent into heaven after his death
4. The Last Supper

Inscriptions in which two languages appear on this mosaic?
A. Greek and French
B. Greek and Italian
C. Greek and German
D. Greek and Latin

In Christian iconography, the Greek letters Alpha and Omega refer to:
A. the initials of Jesus’s name in Greek
B. The idea that Jesus is eternal and hence “first and last”
C. The Bible chapter and verse in which the story of the Transfiguration of Christ is told
D. The place where Jesus was crucified

Stylistically, this work is closest to the images on:
A. Hunefer’s Book of the Dead
B. The Arch of Titus reliefs
C. The Traveling Musicians mosaic
D. The grave stele of Hegeso

What is the name for a panel painting that depicts a portrait of Christ, Mary or a Saint?
A. Mosaic
B. AIllumination
C. Icon
D. Relic

The apostle Saint Luke was believed to have:
1. Been the first to destroy religious images on the grounds that they violate the second commandment
2. Had his portrait painted by the Virgin Mary after Jesus’s death
3. Had his portrait painted by Jesus before the crucifixion
4. Painted a portrait of the Virgin Mary when she appeared to him in a vision

What does the second commandment of the Old Testament prohibit?
A. Adultery
B. Making representational images
C. Building temples or churches
D. Disobeying one’s parents

Which Greek term means “the breaking of images”?
A. Transubstantiation
B. Iconoclasm
C. Iconography
D. Iconophile

The monastery of Daphni is very close to
1. Rome
2. Cairo
3. Pompeii
4. Athens

The Christian symbol of the cross derives from:
A. A Hebrew symbol for eternal life
B. A Roman symbol of virtue
C. A Roman method of execution
D. The four directions of the compass

The figures on either side of Jesus are:
1. Mary and Saint John the Evangelist
2. Mary and Saint John the Baptist
3. Mary and Saint Peter
4. Mary and Saint Paul


Question Answer

The blood dripping onto the skull is a reference to:
1. Jesus as the ‘solution’ to original sin
2. The doctrine of the trinity
3. The pathos of Jesus’s death
4. The conquest of Christianity over Paganism

In Christian religious practice, the word “penitence” refers to:
1. The ritual of taking of bread and wine
2. The feeling of sorrow and regret for having sinned
3. The state of holiness conferred by martyrdom
4. The practice of traveling to places where relics are kept in order to venerate them

This work is located in:
1. Italy
2. Egypt
3. Greece
4. Ireland
“Pantocrator” means
1. “All the gods”
2. “All-powerful”
3. “Merciful”
4. “Suffering”


Question Answer

This carving is the product of a culture based in:
1. Greece
2. Italy
3. Ireland
4. Norway

Viking raiders began to attack the British Isles and Northern Europe around
1. 200 B.C.
2. 400 A.D.
3. 800 A.D.
4. 1500 A.D.

This object originally decorated a:
1. Nordic church
2. Viking ship
3. Triumphal Arch
4. Entrance to a monastery

The emotion this object was intended to illicit is:
1. Joy
2. Fear
3. Sadness
4. Calm

The intertwining patterns on this carving are similar to those found in:
1. Byzantine mosaics
2. Medieval Illuminated manuscripts
3. Classical Greek friezes
4. The Egyptian Book of the Dead

These images were created in a monastery in:
1. Greece
2. Germany
3. Ireland
4. Norway

The world “monastery” comes from the Latin word meaning:
1. To praise God
2. To live alone
3. To feel penitent
4. To die a martyr

What term is used to refer to a painting in a medieval manuscript?
1. Fresco
2. Relief
3. Icon
4. Illumination

The peacocks to either side of Christ’s head symbolize:
1. Vanity
2. The Holy Land
3. Eternal life
4. Original Sin

The intertwining forms in this image derive from:
1. Roman art
2. Nordic art
3. Greek art
4. Byzantine art

The style of the figures in these images is best described as:
1. Realistic
2. Naturalistic
3. Idealized
4. Abstract