Exam guide

kohidaye's version from 2017-11-30 03:18

Section 1

Question Answer
TemperamentThe way you react or talk, genetic information, it is always the same
CharacterChanges with enviornment, friends, school, etc
Personality=Temperament + Character
FreudStructure and defense mechanism. Crazy drugs. Alcohol, sexolic.
SkinnerOperant Conditioning
EriksonPsychosocial Development
BanduraSocial Learning

Section 2

Question Answer
Psychosexual Theory of Development, Defense mechanism, Structure of PersonalityFreud
IdImmediate gratification
EgoCommon sense
SuperegoLearned from parents
Impulse formed by basic instincts, doesn´t matter enviornment, agressive actions to satisfy needsId
Helps to find a right way to express without troubleEgo
Has to be with perfection and expectationsSuperego
Defense mechanismHelps us to deal with conflict and problems, protect us from guilt and anxiety, we need them because our memory won´t dissapear

Section 3

Question Answer
Denial Not accepting reality creating fake situations. Lying to yourself
RepressionCan´t control it. Bad. Erase memories.
RegressionSick, sad, bad day, tired.
ProjectionSaying about other is what I am or I want to be
Displacement Sublimation

Section 4

Question Answer
Operant Conditioning (Skinner)"We are like animals"
GoalChange behavior
We need...Someone to tell us what to do
Positive reinforcement Promise
Negative reinforcementThreat (Coming real is a punishment) = Works in short term
Positive /Negative Reinforcement Repeat behavior
Behavior Consequence, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment

Section 5

Question Answer
Psychosocial development (Erikson)Need others in order to learn
Initiative vs. guilt (3-7 years)Start having friens, invent activities games or friends, feel we can do everything
Industry vs. inferiority (6 years to pre-adolescence) Achieve goals, start projects and finish them
Identity vs. confusion (adolescence)Growing leads you to pain
Intimacy vs. isolation (19 - 27 years)Care about the future, commitment, long term relationship, plans for your life, establish goals, decisions

Section 6

Question Answer
Social learning theory (Bandura)Observation learning
Instrinct reinforcement Inside (Increase behavior)
Instrinct punishment Inside (Decrease behavior)

Section 7

Question Answer
Motivation Desire to do something
EmotionsAnger, love, fear, etc
MoodInfluence emotions (Not an emotion)
Stress, anxiety, depression, panic disorder, phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder affect...Emotions, nervous system, causes fatigue, mood swings, high blood pressure, headaches, weak immune system
FearYou know why you are afraid
AnxietyDon´t know why you are afraid
Express emotionsUnderstand what your body is telling
Setting goalsOwnership of a goal, time related, short and simple, realistic and achievable, measurable and observable
AttitudeLearned inclination or group ideas, related with expectations, stereotypes, labeling, discrimination
Biological stressorIllness, disabilities, injuries
Enviornmental stressorPoverty, pollution, noise or natural disaster
Personal behavior stressorTabaco, alcohol or drugs. Lack of physical activity
Life situation stressor Death of pet, divorce of parents, trouble in relationship
Body and stressAlarm = Resistance = Physical, Psychological and Pathological Fatigue

Section 8

Question Answer
PAbility to be optimistic
EEngagement in the activities in our lives
RBuilding positive relationships
MHaving a porpouse and meaning to why each of us is in Earth
AHaving goals and ambitions
Designed byMartin Seligman

Section 9

Question Answer
StressMaybe for everything
Get rid of stress by...Eat well, get exercise, stay safe
Don´t get rid of all stressA little bit can be helpful

Section 10

Question Answer
Addictions+ stress because it causes financial struggles, emotional traumas, family and health problems, even death
Can be...A behavioral addiction
No control over...Actions

Section 11

Question Answer
R1Recognizing emotions in self and others
UUnderstanding the causes and consequences of emotions
LLabeling emotions accurately
EExpressing emotions appropiately
R2Regulating emotions effectively
Healthy balance3 positive vs. 1 negative
Made byBarbara Fredrickson
Negative emotionsOnly for 5 minutes

Section 12