personality persistent ways of thinking, acting, attitude. consistency within the person at all times
plato Why are we all so different. reincarnation. spirits going around gods. associated with jupiter= power.
galen realized when people got sick they changed. humors of body relate to personality type. good humor+good fluid
single trait dominant trait that invades everything a person does
4 basic traits melancholic, phlegmatic, chloric, sanguine
eyesneck 3 traits. intro/extro. Neuroticism. psychoticism
neuroticism how anxious you are
psychoticism how hard hearted or tender you are
catell 16 factors, sentencing criminals, shows extremes that can cause problems
mmpi test for psychopathology. personality test. 550 t/f. looking for patterns. lie scales. no predictive validity. used by police
TAT(thematic apperception test) what themes do you perceive? taking stimulus and projecting it your own way. finishing a story
rorchach ink blot test loks for unusual responses. does person break things down or focus on the whole picture
sociobiology genetics vs enviornmnt
sociobiologists studied body type to see if they have similar traits or not
social learning theory take a shy girl. when she plays alone don't talk to her. when she plays with others give her positive attention. she becomes an extro
carol rogers self image. clinician, realized the way people saw themselves could be a problem. positive image, negative image. told clients they were wonderful to get rid of neg image
cognitive locus of control. Am i in control or a victim? Internal: Im in control. External: they are in control. poorer people have more external control. more money/education means internal
freud personality and child development. notion was that at different times in childhood you would fixate. oral and anal stages of fixation
jung regression:going back to comfortable behaviors. came up with intro/extro. thinkers/feelers
sensation type here and now
intuitive type ask how did the person get her and why?
Undeveloped dark side shadow- Jung thinkers, feelers, anytime you leave thinking or feeling undeveloped you get dark side behaviors
thinkers parts of personality that are pushed down and can cause people to let out their "monster"
feelers when they decide to be a thinker criticism is not taken well
Adler single trait. every child is born helpless. caregiver takes care of them. Is your power going to be used for yourself or for social good?
ego defenses anxiety driven ways to not pay attention to.. learned, automatic, avoid pain, self deception, prevent problem solving
repression selective forgetting
projection disowning scars
regression going back to what one is comfortable with
cynicism trying not to get your hands dirty with the world
reaction formation express the reverse of what you actually feel
identification take on the characteristics of others
displacement taking things out on people who don't deserve it
sublimination take our dark side and use it in a way to condone good things
which behaviors do we call abnormal? behaviors are constant, explanation changes overtime(acceptable or unacceptable), self control(do we need to control this or not
neolithic time trepanation: Operation as treatment for mental illness removes evil spirit from the brain. schizophrenic people can control voices to certain extent
400 BC hippocrate. mania, melancholia, phrentis, hysteria
mania movement can't sit still
phrentis brain fever
hysteria part of the body that stops functioning but there is nothing wrong with it. thought it was a condition in the women's uterus. thought marriage was the cure
plato legal and social control: argued for an insanity defense, doesn't work anymore, thought family should take responsibility for insanity of offspring
temples of saturn given over to treatment of mental illness
galen causes: injury to the head, shock, fear, alcoholic express, economic reversals, disappointments in love, adolescence and menstral changes. notion of psychological and physical causation
pope innocent witch trials, book on witch craft, penalties:beheaded, burned alive, mutilated, burned alive. consequences: witches part of nature religion. this connected them to the devil which means nature should be removed
henry the 8th st marts of bethleham. consequence:when he took money he became mentally ill. caused problem w family church gov. caged ill people and used them for money
john locke french revolution. born blank slate and mentally ill. perfect society=makes mental illness go away-utopia. free mentally ill people.starts psych hospitals
b rush moral therapy. belief in cause of mental illnesses. alcoholism lying smoking-illness. straight jackets, solitary confinement- treatment
1880-general paresis- syphillis gets into nervous system and eats brain. doctor gave people syphillis to prove that binaural disease could effect the brain.
freud-nirosis and psychosis neurosis-little prob psychosis- big prob. hysteria in men and women. conversion disorder- stress in the battlefield causes blindness.
1950- antipsychotic drugs lg systems of psych hospitals. came up with anti drugs to treat people. then put them in half way houses
1980- NAMI family members of the mentally ill who get together to find research and treatments having to do w mental illnesses. half way houses
abnormal is stats and culture are not good enough. culture changes. if you feel personal distress seal help.
insane insanity is a legal term for the british legal system. not knowing right from wrong. can't control behavior. . bring problem for psychiatrists.
diagnostic statistical manual-DSM 5 panels on mental illnesses. can agree on symptomology and give birth to new disorders.
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