Exam 4 Review

meciyepo's version from 2017-11-06 03:03

Section 1

Question Answer
Accepting a minor bribe is an example of meat eating.False
The police subculture is mainly communicated through formal academy training.False
The Knapp Commission focused on corruption in the NYCPD .True
The courts have supported drug testing of police officers based on reasonable suspicion that drug abuse is occurring.True
The Supreme Court case Tennessee v. garner focused on the rights of individuals to civil suits against entire police departments, not individual police officers.False
A police subculture includesshared values, beliefs, and forms of behavior
The ability of police officers to make choices such as whether or not to investigate is known asdiscretion
Effective policing appears to depend more on a candidate'sinnate personal qualities
Programs such as the Collier County Spousal Academy are designed to help families of police officers cope with issues relating topolice officer stress
The two key elements in the definition of police corruption aremisuse of authority and personal gain

Section 2

Question Answer
In general, the most common way for a police officer to die in the line of duty is as the result ofgunfire
Which is not a charactterisitic of the police working personality?cheerful
A federal civil suit alleging police misconduct that is filed against a local police officer is commonly known as aSection 1983 lawsuit
Which of the following is not a discretional decision that might be made by a patrol officer?the decision to charge the suspect with a crime
The increasing formalization of police work and the accompanying rise in public acceptance of the police is known aspolice professionalism
The 1970's ________ Commission focused on combatting corruption in NYCKnapp
The special responsibility to adhere to moral duty and obligation that is inherent in police work is calledpolice ethics
In most big-city police departments, which branch is tasked with investigating charges of wrongdoing involving members of the department?Internal Affairs Division
The current standard for the use of deadly force by federal agents isimminent danger
Prior to the Supreme Court ruling in Tennessee v Garner, the use of deadly force by the police was governed by the ______ rule.fleeing felon

Section 3

Question Answer
Police discretion includes the decision to not make an arrest.true
Excessive use of force refers to the unacceptable use of force on a department-wide basistrue
Educational level is not an important recruiting criterion for policing recruitment. fase
Humor is method of stress reduction used by the policetrue
The "slippery slope" perspective suggests that accepting minor gratuities can lead to more serious violations of the law. true
The federal court system was created by article III sec 1 of the US Constitution
what is the earliest stage of the court process at which the formal notice of carges is madefirst appearance
Overall, approximately what percent of state criminal cases are resolved through plea bargaining?almost 95%
A _____ is an informal hearing place used to hear victims' claims of minor wrongs such as petty theft or trespassing.dispute resolution center
Which of the following does not always occur at a first appearance?defendants are given the opportunity for bail

Section 4

Question Answer
A _______ is a low-level court that focuses on quality-of-life crimes eroding neighborhood morale and is an official component of the formal criminal justice systemcommunity court
The primary purposes of the criminal trial is todetermine the guilt or innocence of a defendant
An indictment is filed by the grand jury
The term "trial de novo" refers tocases that are re-tried on appeal
Which of the following is not a member of the courtroom work group?jury
Removing the jurors from all possible outside influences is known as _____ the jurySequestering
Courts that have the authority to review a decision made by a lower court are said to have ___________ jurisdictionappellate
Release on recognizancepermits release on the basis of a written promise to appear
what does the power of judicial review allow the Supreme Court to do?review lower-court decisions and state and federal statutes
Which of the following alternatives to bail does not place any money or other items at risk if the defendant fails to appear in court?third-party custoday release

Section 5

Question Answer
The right to a speedy trial is guarantee by the _________ Amendment to the US Constitution6th
During the jury selection, challenges for causeclaim that an individual juror cannot be fair or impartial
Which of the following is a purpose of bail?to prevent un-convicted suspects from suffering imprisonment unneccessarily
If a grand jury is not used, the prosecutor files an _________ against the accusedinformation
One category of appeals heard by federal appellate courts are _____ appeals, which involve major questions of law and policy where there is considerable professional disagreement among the courtsnonconsensual
When is a probable cause hearing neccessary?when the arrest was made without warrant
which of the following is not part of the three-tiered court structure developed by states following the federal model?trial de novo courts
american criminal trial courts operate under a structure known asthe adversarial system
the dual court system of the US consists of which two types of courts?federal and state courts
how are federal judges selected?they are appointed by the president with the consent of the senate
which of the following is not a type of juror challenge?challenges for knowledge
The US Districts Courts are the trial courts for the federal system
what is the missouri plana plan for rstructuring state courts systems to increase efficiency and reduce case backlog
which od the following is not one of the three levels of the federal judiciary?US specialized courts
the TV court show judge judy is an example of which type of courttrial courts of limited jurisdiction