Exam 4 (3)

daniellerae's version from 2015-05-04 19:19

Section 1

Question Answer
psychosis1% of population
schizophrenia"schizo"= split, does not mean split personality, break with reality
dementia praecoxearly onset of schizo. disease of young adulthood
rule of thirdsa. 1/3 of people will have a nervous breakdown b.1/3 of schizophrenic whole life but will be treated with meds c. 1/3 medicine doesn't work, remain psychotic, need to be in wards
disorganized/simple schizophreniamay or may not be hallucinating, are delusional, disordered thinking
paranoid schizophreniafeelings of feeling stalked, watched, constant delusions that aren't true.
catatonic schizophreniaunusual/innapporopriate movements or completely still for days on end
residualadjusting to disease. wrongly implies that you should cut funding for them
positive symptomsno positives, what they don't have
negative sympotmsimpossible to plan, no enjoyment in life, no facial expression

Section 2

Question Answer
depressionnormal, dysthymia, major depressive
dysthymialong term, over years
major depressive, psychosiscan't function, depends on how many episode you've had. periodic cycles accompanied by psychotic break downs
mania and depressionperiods of elation followed by depression
hypomania and depression and psychosisless elation than mania followed by severe depression accompanied by psychotic break down

Section 3

Question Answer
odd or eccentricparanoid, schizoid, schizotypal
paranoidtense guarded suspicious hold grudges. always looking for a threat. creating enemies so you think you have enemies
schizoidsocially isolated with restricted emotional expression. never look for friendship. no personal distress from isolation. they chose it
schizotypalpeculiarities of thought, appearance, and behavior that are dis concerting to others. emotionally detached and isolated

Section 4

Question Answer
dramatic, emotional, erratic behaviorsantisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic
antisocialmanipulative, dishonest, disloyal, lacking guilt. psychopathy, amoral, childhood history, tend to have trouble with the law
borderlinecannot stand to be alone, intense, unstable moods and personal relationships, chronic anger, drug and alch abuse. usually women, abuse can trigger
histrionicseductive behavior, needs immediate gratification and constant reassurance, rapidly changing moods, shallow emotions
narcissisticself absorbed, expects special treatment and adulation, enviou or attention to other. failure to commit to things, relationships

Section 5

Question Answer
anxious or fearful behavioravoidant, dependent, obsessive/compulsive, passive aggressive
avoidanteasily hurt and embarrassed, few close friends, sticks to routines to avoid new possibly stressful experiences
dependentwants other to make decisions, needs constant advice and reassurance, fear of being abandoned
obsessive- compulsiveperfectionism, indesicive, preoccupied with details, unable to express affection
passice aggressivepresents demande and suggestions, forgets obligations, procrastinates, not present in elementary school, very present in middle school

Section 6

Question Answer
clinical psychologistPhD , 4-5 years of grad school, emphasizes outcome evaluation, research, therapy techniques, diagnosis
counseling psychologistsimilar training in clinical but less emphasis on research
psychiatristMD, have been supervised
psychanalistpredomanetley MD, have been supervised
social workmasters in social work

Section 7

Question Answer
psychoanalytictransformative (change condition/nature)
behavioral failed reward system (either too much or too little)
opernant theorylewinshon. too much reward for too little effort, rewards stop working
learned helplessnessrepeated failure, you learn not to try
cognitivetoxic thoughts: the world is fair, i must be liked, i must be perfect, they made me unhappy, I'm not responsible for how i am
biologicalwaking up depressed. antidepressant drugs and prozac.
lithiumbipolar, tend to self medicate
electroconulsive therapyinduces change in frontal lobe. loss of memory- creating amnesic state. better to be alive than not remember.

Section 8

Question Answer
first impressionintuitively stereotype someone you just meet. determine attractiveness
attributionsfundamental attribution error- if something bad happes to me= externally caused. something bad happens to someone else= their fault.
cognitive dissonanceself image and behavior mismatch
dissonancedisconnect between who we think we are and what we've actually done
social influenceconformity
asch challengeyou match the target line to c but everyone else says the answer i b so you change your answer to be
milgram shock experimentyou're the teacher the other guys is the student if the student gets something wrong the teach has to shock him. reality: student is planted, can't feel the shock but the teacher doesn't know it

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