Exam 2 Assessment Part 2

jennifer12345's version from 2018-03-13 23:16

Section 1

Question Answer
Delayed inspiration occurs in COPDFalse
Tachypnea increases the likelihood of pneumonia and cardiac diseaseTrue
Stridor is an omnious sign of upper airway obstruction that requires urgent airway evaluationTrue
AP ratio of 0.7 is common in COPD and produces a barrel chest appearanceFalse
Asymmetric expansion of the chest occurs in large pleural effusionsTrue
Decreased fremitus occurs in unilateral pneumoniaFalse

Section 2

Question Answer
Signs of hypoxiacyanosis lips, tongue and oral mucosa
Signs of heart failurepallor and diaphoresis
Signs of bronchiectasis, congential heart disease, pulm fibrosis, lung abscess, malignancyclubbing of the nails

Section 3

Question Answer
Lateral displacement of the trachea occurs inpneumothorax, pleural effusion, and atelectasis
Unilateral impairment of respiratory muscles occurs inpleural disease from asbestosis or silicosis, phrenic nerve damage or trauma
Fremitus is decreased or absent in the followingthick chest wall, obstructed bronchus, COPD, pleural effusion, fibrosis, pneumothorax, infiltrating tumor
Dullness on percussion occurs inlobar pneumonia, pleural effusion, hemothorax, empyema, fibrous tissue, tumor
Generalized hyperresonance on percussion occurs inCOPD, asthma

Section 4

Question Answer
flat percussion notes thigh, large pleural effusion
dull percussion notesliver, lobar pneumona
resonant percussion noteshealthy lung, simple chronic bronchitis
hyperresonant percussion notesCOPD, pneumothorax
tympanitic percussion notesgastric air bubble, puffed out cheek, large pneumothorax

Section 5