Exam 2 1307

orlando005's version from 2017-10-11 04:39

Section 1

Question Answer
1. A crime consists of several elements, including the criminal act or?· Actus Reus
2. Which U.S. Constitutional Amendment guarantees the right to a speedy trial?6th
3. The concept of ______ expresses the belief that an orderly society must be governed by established principles to maintain order.· Rule of Law
4. Which of the following types of law is based on the assumption that acts injure not just individuals, but society as a whole?· Criminal Law
5. Municipal Police chiefs are responsible for operating the county jails.· False
6. Civil Law is the part of the law that specifies the methods to be used in enforcing substantive law and is part of the criminal law system.· False
7. The first policeman served with the?· Los Angeles Police Department
8. The 1931 report of the ________ recognized prohibition as unenforceable as well as a catalyst to police corruption.· Wickersham Commission
9. One of the basic principles of the London Metropolitan Police was?· The practice of preventive patrol
10. The growth of modern police forces has been linked to gin riots in England.· True
11. ________ use research into everyday police procedures to evaluate current practices and to guide officers and police executives in future decision making.· Evidence-based policing
12. The Bow Street Runners?· Was an early English law enforcement unit formed by Henry Fielding
13. Which of the following was not a provision of the State of Winchester?· It established a paid police force in London
14. Typically, civil lawsuits seek?· Compensation
15. The London Metropolitan Police Service was created by?· Robert Peel
16. The principle of legality holds that a(n) ____________ law, which holds someone legally responsible for acts committed before the law was passed, is not binding.· Ex post facto
17. To establish the __________ of a crime, the state must show that a criminal law was violated and that someone violated it.· Corpus Delicti
18. Vigilantism is the act of taking the law into one’s own hands.· True
19. The rule of law allows people to disagree with the law but not to disobey the law.· True
20. What impact did the Kansas City studies have on police patrol?· Police developed new forms of direct patrol
21. Because formal law enforcement frequently did not exist on the American frontier, _____ were often the only law available to early settlers.· Vigilantes
22. All laws were found in the written legal codes.· False
23. Currently, the main priority of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is?· Terrorism
24. The modern-day sheriff is derived from which early English official?· Shire reeve
25. Which of the following is an example of procedural law?· A law that signifies when a search warrant may be issued to the police
26. In many states, ________ principles are used to interpret many legal issues.· Common Law
27. The first modern state police force, in Pennsylvania, was an example of the _____ of state policing.· Centralized
28. ______ is a legal principle that ensures that previous judicial decisions are considered when settling similar future cases.· Precedent
29. Which type of crime does not require mens rea?· A strict liability offense
30. Which of the following is an inchoate offense?· Conspiracy

Section 2

Question Answer
31. Crime prevention focuses on reducing both crime and fear of crime.· True
32. Which Supreme Court ruling applied the exclusionary rule to the states?· Mapp v. Ohio
33. According to ______, evidence illegally seized by the police cannot be used in a trial.· The exclusionary rule
34. Which of the following is not one of the general activities involved in a preliminary investigation?· Conducting a detailed examination of the crime scene
35. Landmark cases clarify the procedural guidelines the criminal justice system must follow.· True
36. Which of the following is not required for the police to seize contraband under the plain view doctrine?· The officer must have obtained the property owner’s verbal or written permission to search and to seize the contraband.
37. _____ is a crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by the New York City Police Department.· CompStat
38. According to the Supreme Court, in a search incident arrest, where are the police permitted to search if they do not have a search warrant?· The police may only search the area in the arrestee’s immediate control
39. Landmark cases created changes in· Civil Law
40. Which of the following is not one of the three areas of due process requirements that are of relevance to the police?· Double jeopardy
41. ______ is a proactive approach to the problem of crime.· Crime prevention
42. According to the Supreme Court, the police may conduct a “stop and frisk” without a warrant based on· Reasonable suspicion
43. ______ is information about a crime that forms the basis for determining the identity of the perpetrator.· The solvability factor
44. ________ units in a police department carry out the daily field activites of the department, such as patrol and criminal investigation.· Line
45. A search warrant can only be issued if there is· Probable cause
46. CAPRA and SARA are examples of the methodology of?· Police problem solving
47. The peacekeeping role of the police involves a focus on quality-of-life offenses.· True
48. _____ is the dominant operational policing strategy and is based on the ideas of Sir Robert Peel and the early Metropolitan Police.· Preventive Patrol
49. Which of the following is not one of the basic purposes of policing in democratic societies?· Respond rapidly to all 911 calls
50. What is the importance of the Fourteenth Amendment?· It extends constitutional protections to state-level criminal justice
51. The case of Weeks v. U.S. only applied to federal law enforcement officers.· True
52. ______ is not one of the core operational strategies of policing.· Support Services
53. The Warren Court used the Fourteenth Amendment to require both state and federal criminal justice agencies to adhere to the Court’s interpretation of the Constitution.· True
54. ______ offenses involve acts that create physical disorder or that reflect society decay.· Quality of life
55. ______ describes the order of authority within the police department.· Chain of command
56. The police spend the majority of their time enforcing the law and fighting crime.· False
57. The broken windows model of policing focuses on which element of the police mission?· Preserving the peace
58. Which Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures?· The Fourth Amendment
59. According to _________, any evidence that derives from an illegal search and seizure may be declared tainted and excluded from trial.· Exclusionary rule
60. In which of the following situations would the police not be legally permitted to conduct a warrantless search or seizure evidence without a warrant?· When authorized by the chief of police

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