robthescienceguy's version from 2016-01-28 00:52


Question Answer
James Huttongeological process occurs at uniform speed, had to take longer than 600yrs.
Charles Lyellpresent is key to past, you can tell history of geography by looking at it.
George Cuvierbones of mastodon, animals become extinct.
Jean Baptiste Lamarckgiraffe stretches its neck making babies have longer necks, species change over time.
Thomas Malthuscompetition for resources will eliminate the weak.
Darwin's TheoryAll species evolve, mechanism is natural selection.
Descent with Modificationcommon ancestor, different environment produce traits better for that environment.
Natural Selectionpopulation has variants, some variants die, remaining variants breed.
Fossil Recordtells how long ago a species lived, shows how species change over time, how they go extinct.
Geographic Distribution or Adaptive Radiationsimilar species living in same general area, Darwin's finches, shows common ancestor.
Comparative Anatomyhomologous;found in things with common ancestors, vestigial;non functional body parts that persist, analogous;body parts with same job different species, points to common ancestor.
Comparative Development and Embryologyclosely related species have similar stages of development, shows common ancestor.
Molecular Biologymore similar molecules more relates the organisms.
Daphne Major in Galapagosbeak size changed depending on the food source available,dry period;big seed;big beak, wet period;small seed;small beak.
Antibiotic Resistant Bacteriaantibiotics kill non resistant ones, resistant ones reproduce leaving only those ones left.
Pesticide Resistant Insectspesticide kills non resistant ones, resistant ones reproduce leaving only those ones left.
Selective Breedinghumans choose which animals or plants get to have sex, dog breeds.
Microevolutionchange in allele frequency in a gene pool
Gene Poolall genes present in a population.
Genetic Driftthrough change in small population, alleles are lost.
Gene Flowimmigration and emigration of alleles to different populations.
Inbreedingincreases chances that recessive genes are in homozygous form.
Sexual Selectionanimals choose mates that are healthiest.
Speciesliving thing that can inter breed and produce fertile descendants.
Speciationprocess of forming a new species, behavioral;closely related stop interbreeding, habitat;different habitats, temporal;ready to mate at diff times.
Convergent Evolutionnot closely related species develop similar traits due to similar niches.
Co Evolutionchanges in two species genetics affect the others evolution.

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