Evolution Terms

gibsony's version from 2015-05-13 22:26


Question Answer
Genetic counselloris the process by which the patients or relatives at risk of an inherited disorder are advised of the consequences and nature of the disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting it, and the options open to them in management and family planning.
Amniocentesisthe sampling of amniotic fluid using a hollow needle inserted into the uterus, to screen for developmental abnormalities in a fetus.
Chorionic Villi Sampling(CVS) is a prenatal test in which a sample of chorionic villi is removed from the placenta for testing. During pregnancy, the placenta provides oxygen and nutrients to the growing baby and removes waste products from the baby's blood.

Fetoscopyis an endoscopic procedure during pregnancy to allow access to the fetus, the amniotic cavity, the umbilical cord, and the fetal side of the placenta.
Genetic Markers (Linked and gene specific)a gene or short sequence of DNA used to identify a chromosome or to locate other genes on a genetic map.
Gene Therapythe transplantation of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders.
Restriction Enzymesan enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, having the property of cleaving DNA molecules at or near a specific sequence of bases.
Recombinant DNADNA that has been formed artificially by combining constituents from different organisms.
DNA Amplification (Bateria and viral vectors and PCR)The production of multiple copies of a sequence of DNA. Repeated copying of a piece of DNA.
Gel ElectrophoesisGel electrophoresis is a laboratory method used to separate mixtures of DNA, RNA, or proteins according to molecular size.
DNA sequencingDNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. It includes any method or technology that is used to determine the order of the four bases—adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine—in a strand of DNA.
Human Genome ProjectThe Human Genome Project is a global, long-term research effort to identify the estimated 30,000 genes in human DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and to figure out the sequences of the chemical bases that make up human DNA.
GMO'sThe abbreviation for genetically modified organism. AGMO is an organism whose genome has been altered by the techniques of genetic engineering so that its DNA contains one or more genes not normally found there.
GMF's(or GM foods) are foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering.
Cytogeneticistthe study of inheritance in relation to the structure and function of chromosomes.
Medical Geneticistis the specialty of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders.
Genetic Engineeris the deliberate, controlled manipulation of the genes in an organism with the intent of making that organism better in some way. This is usually done independently of the natural reproductive process. The result is a so-called genetically modified organism (GMO).


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