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k18v2's version from 2017-12-04 23:37

Section

Question Answer
democracypower to the people; originated from ancient Athens;They voted on issues directly
representative democracyGovermental Power was divided between these two branches and they voted on various issues; different social groups elected their own representatives; first developed by ancient romans
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Question Answer
Who is the person saying 'don't fence me in'?Churchill
What is meant by the statement 'don't fence me in?'
According to the cartoon, who is responsible for the 'iron curtain'?Russia
The two men at the bottom of the cartoon are holding a piece of paper that says 'plans for the new world'. What do you think is the message of this?
What do you think is the significance of the people being crushed by the iron curtain?
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What is the overall message of the cartoon? Explain

Introduction to Tyranny

Question Answer
What began to be a popular form of government in Ancient Greece during 650-400 BCE?tyrannies
What happened when on aristocrat was able to finally get more power than the other aristocrats?they became a tyrant
How did an aristocrat get more power than other aristocrats?they got support for poor people
What gave the aristocrat all the power he needed?there were more poor people than the rich so it did not matter if the other aristocrats didn't like him
True or False, A tyrant rules because he inherits the land or the religion give him the right to ruleFalse, they rule because the poor people support him
What did tyrants do make sure he could stay in power?the tyrant aristocrat gives the poor people certain things they need
What are sone examples of what tyrants gave the poor people to stay in power?the tyrant could cancel their debts and return land they lost when they went into debt
What happened once tyrants had their power?they were not good rules, even if they tried
Did aristocrats like living under a tyrant?No, because they wanted to be in rule but another aristocrat was given more rule
Did poor people like living under a tyrant?No, tyrants were not fair to people
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Democracy

Question Answer
define Democracya form of government in which the people govern themselves
Where were the first democracies established?in Ancient Greek cities
What were people allowed to participate in the democracy called?citizens
What did a person have to do to be a citizen?a person had to be a Greek man who owned his own land
What people were not able to participate in the democracy?women, slaves, and people from other countries
How many people in Athens actually participated in the democracy?only one out of every ten people
What did the first leader of democracy in Athens do? What happened to these groups?he divided everyone in the city into ten groups and 50 citizens were randomly chosen from each group to one a part of the Council 500
What is the Council 500?a group of 500 people that wrote laws
What did the Council 500 do? What did the assembly do?they presented the laws to the rest of the citizens in Athens, in gatherings called assemblies and the assembly then voted for or against each law
How many votes did each citizen have?one
How many times a year did the assembly meet and how many citizens came to each meeting?the assembly met about 40 times each year and around 6,000 citizens came to each meeting
What did the assembly do besides voting on laws?the assembly elected court judges and leaders for the army
What were the biggest challenges that the democracy in Athens face?so many people not participate because they were not citizens and people were not paid for their service on the Council 500
Why did some poor Greek men not participate in the democracy?most of them could not afford to stop working to actually participate in the democracy
What important democratic leader made sure that the council members were paid for their work?Pericles
Why was democracy in ancient Greece extremely important?it helped make life fairer for some of those living in ancient Greece and it was the first time people in the world were able to help choose their own government
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Origins or Rome, From Monarchy to Republic

The Impact of Geography

Question Answer
Where is Rome located and what did it enjoy?located in central Italy and enjoyed copious amounts of good farmland
What allowed Rome to support a large population and what did the large population help?copious amounts of good farmland allowed Rome to to support a large population, which would help it maintain its vast armies
What was always the basis of the Roman ideal?The Roman Farmer
What did Roman myths and values center on?Roman myths and values centered around the idea of the simple and humble farmer who aspired only to work his land and serve his city
What is the second aspect of geography that greatly influences Roman history?it had little barriers to the rest of Europe
What divide Italy from the rest of Europe?the Alps Mountains
Are the Alps Mountains that divide Italy impenetrable ?No
What happens once you got past the Alps ?Italy itself is easy terrain for armies to move through
Where was conflict fairly common in Italy?the Italian peninsula
What caused Rome to develop a fairly militaristic society?the Alps / easy terrain for armies
What besides the "humble farmer" is a basic Roman ideal?the sense of responsibility to serve in the army and defend the city was a strong on in Roman culture as well
What is Italy that provides easy access to two seas that would aid Rome in controlling its vast empires?Italy itself is a peninsula that juts right into the middle of the Mediterranean
What does Italy provide?easy access to two seas that would aid Rome in controlling its vast empires
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Early Roman History, The Monarchy

Question Answer
Where do archaeologists date the founding of the village of Rome?to around 753 BC
What did the Romans begin their history as?as a monarchy, who pretty much wielded absolute power
What happened to Rome by the middle of the 6th century BC?Rome was conquered by the Etruscans and they took the role of the Roman monarch and ruled for a century and a half and Romans hated it
When did the Etruscan rule end?509 BC
Why did Etruscan rule end according to Roman legend?the Etruscan prince raped the wife of a prominent Roman and the people of Rome rise up to over through their Etruscan masters
What happened once the Etruscans had been driven out of Rome?they decided to to institute an entirely new form of government for themselves and decided to embrace democracy and form a republic, where citizens as a whole would elect their rules
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The Roman Republic: 509 BC - 27 BC

Question Answer
What happened to Roman society from the beginning of Roman history?Roman society was divided between 2 social classes
What were the 2 social classes of Roman society?patricians and the plebeians
Who were the wealthiest members of society and controlled most of the wealth, trade, power, and the military?the patricians
Who were the majority of the population and were mainly small farmers, hard laborers, and craftspeople?the plebeians
What happened to the Roman government after the end of the monarchy?the Roman government was technically led by 2 groups, the Senate and the Assembly
What people could only be a part of the Senate?only patricians could be a part of the Senate and Plebeians could be members of the Assemble
Which group out of the Senate and Assembly had the most power?the power of the Assembly paled in comparison to the Senate
Which group pretty much ruled Rome, passed the laws, and made decisions for the government?the Senate
Asides from the Senate, what did Rome have many of?Rome also had many government officials
Who were the most powerful of the government officials?the consuls
Who were the consuls?they proposed legislation and led the judicial system and the army
Who was elected to serve as consuls every year?2 patricians
Why were the consuls subservient to the Senate and what were their several limitations on their power?they only served in office for 1 year and they couldn't wield any power because his time was limited
Who dominated Roman society?the patricians
who are the second class?plebeians
who is first class?patricians
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The struggle of orders

what is the struggle of orders? a conflict between the equal rights of the plebeians
The rich needed the poor more than the poor needed them because they farmed the fields, worked the shops, and fought in the army. According to legend, in 494 BC the plebeians left because they wanted to form a new boy of government and would not return unless it was given. In 450 BC, the plebeians managed to get the Twelve Tables of Roman Law. These laws were written for fair punishment. The Plebeians lacked many rights that eventually, over time, were given. Although they were never at the same level as the patricians, they won many rights they did not have and were content.

Review

Question Answer
What began to be a popular form of government in Ancient Greece during 650-400 BCE?tyrannies
What happened when on aristocrat was able to finally get more power than the other aristocrats?they became a tyrant
How did an aristocrat get more power than other aristocrats?they got support for poor people
What gave the aristocrat all the power he needed?there were more poor people than the rich so it did not matter if the other aristocrats didn't like him
True or False, A tyrant rules because he inherits the land or the religion give him the right to ruleFalse, they rule because the poor people support him
What did tyrants do make sure he could stay in power?the tyrant aristocrat gives the poor people certain things they need
What are sone examples of what tyrants gave the poor people to stay in power?the tyrant could cancel their debts and return land they lost when they went into debt
What happened once tyrants had their power?they were not good rules, even if they tried
Did aristocrats like living under a tyrant?No, because they wanted to be in rule but another aristocrat was given more rule
Did poor people like living under a tyrant?No, tyrants were not fair to people
define Democracya form of government in which the people govern themselves
Where were the first democracies established?in Ancient Greek cities
What were people allowed to participate in the democracy called?citizens
What did a person have to do to be a citizen?a person had to be a Greek man who owned his own land
What people were not able to participate in the democracy?women, slaves, and people from other countries
How many people in Athens actually participated in the democracy?only one out of every ten people
What did the first leader of democracy in Athens do? What happened to these groups?he divided everyone in the city into ten groups and 50 citizens were randomly chosen from each group to one a part of the Council 500
What is the Council 500?a group of 500 people that wrote laws
What did the Council 500 do? What did the assembly do?they presented the laws to the rest of the citizens in Athens, in gatherings called assemblies and the assembly then voted for or against each law
How many votes did each citizen have?one
How many times a year did the assembly meet and how many citizens came to each meeting?the assembly met about 40 times each year and around 6,000 citizens came to each meeting
What did the assembly do besides voting on laws?the assembly elected court judges and leaders for the army
What were the biggest challenges that the democracy in Athens face?so many people who lived in Athens could not participate because they were not citizens and people were not paid for their service on the Council 500
Why did some poor Greek men not participate in the democracy?most of them could not afford to stop working to actually participate in the democracy
What important democratic leader made sure that the council members were paid for their work?Pericles
Why was democracy in ancient Greece extremely important?it helped make life fairer for some of those living in ancient Greece and it was the first time people in the world were able to help choose their own government
Where is Rome located and what did it enjoy?located in central Italy and enjoyed copious amounts of good farmland
What allowed Rome to support a large population and what did the large population help?copious amounts of good farmland allowed Rome to to support a large population, which would help it maintain its vast armies
What was always the basis of the Roman ideal?The Roman Farmer
What did Roman myths and values center on?Roman myths and values centered around the idea of the simple and humble farmer who aspired only to work his land and serve his city
What is the second aspect of geography that greatly influences Roman history?it had little barriers to the rest of Europe
What divide Italy from the rest of Europe?the Alps Mountains
Are the Alps Mountains that divide Italy impenetrable ?No
What happens once you got past the Alps ?Italy itself is easy terrain for armies to move through
Where was conflict fairly common in Italy?the Italian peninsula
What caused Rome to develop a fairly militaristic society?the Alps / easy terrain for armies
What besides the "humble farmer" is a basic Roman ideal?the sense of responsibility to serve in the army and defend the city was a strong on in Roman culture as well
What is Italy that provides easy access to two seas that would aid Rome in controlling its vast empires?Italy itself is a peninsula that juts right into the middle of the Mediterranean
What does Italy provide?easy access to two seas that would aid Rome in controlling its vast empires
Where do archaeologists date the founding of the village of Rome?to around 753 BC
What did the Romans begin their history as?as a monarchy, who pretty much wielded absolute power
What happened to Rome by the middle of the 6th century BC?Rome was conquered by the Etruscans and they took the role of the Roman monarch and ruled for a century and a half and Romans hated it
When did the Etruscan rule end?509 BC
Why did Etruscan rule end according to Roman legend?the Etruscan prince raped the wife of a prominent Roman and the people of Rome rise up to over through their Etruscan masters
What happened once the Etruscans had been driven out of Rome?they decided to to institute an entirely new form of government for themselves and decided to embrace democracy and form a republic, where citizens as a whole would elect their rules
memorize