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Eukaryotic Organelles

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Updated 2009-09-22 23:38

Eukaryotic Organelles

OrganelleSpecial Function or Job
cell membranecontrols the ease with which substances move into and out of the cell
cell wallsupports and protects cell
nucleusstores hereditary information in DNA; synthesis RNA and ribosomes
mitochondriatransfers energy from organic compounds to ATP
cytoplasmcontains various organelles of the cell
ribosomesorganizes the synthesis of proteins
rough ERprepares protein for export
smooth ERsynthesis steroids, regulates calcium levels, breaks down toxic substances
golgi apparatusprocessing, packaging, and secreting organelle of the cell
lysosomedigests molecules, old organelles, and foreign substances
vacuolestores enzymes and waste products
cytoskeletona network of long protein strands in the cytosol that helps maintain the shape and size of a eukaryotic
cilia and flagellapropel cells through the environment, move materials over the cell surface
chloroplastsmakes food from sunlight
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