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ESA Early America

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Updated 2009-02-19 22:18

Early American Inventors

PersonWhy are they important?
Francis Cabot LowellHis textile mill employed young girls
Samuel SlaterBritish mechanic who helped create the American Textile industry
Ely WhitneyCreated interchangeable parts for assembly line production
Samuel ColtMade interchangeable parts for pistols
Cyrus McCormickMade reaping machines for faster grain harvest
John Deeremass produced steel plows
Robert Fultoninventor of the steamboat
DeWitt ClintonGovernor of NY, helped create the Erie Canal
James Monroe5th President of the US; told European nations to leave America alone
Henry ClaySpeaker of House of Reps; creator the "American System"
Charles Grandison Finneypopular evangelist during the Second Great Awakening
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Early American Politics

NameWhy were they important?
Thomas Jefferson3rd President of US; bought LA from France
Aaron Burrrunner up in election of 1800; crazy
Merriwether Lewisleader of the Corps of Discovery
John MarshallEstablished judicial review in Marbury v Madison
Tecumsehunited Indian nations to resist settlement
Alexander Hamiltoncreator of the Bank of the US; favored industry
Andrew Jacksonleader of US forces at the Battle of New Orleans
William Henry Harrisonburned down Prophetstown on the Tippecanoe R.
Henry ClayCreated the Missouri Compromise
John Quincy Adamsgained Florida for the US; 6th President
John C CalhounVP; favored South Carolina nullifying the Tariff
Nicholas BiddlePresident of the Bank of the US; fought A. Jackson
Martin VanBuren8th President; the "Little Magician"
John Tylerfirst President to take office after the death of a President
Roger TaneyJackson's pick for Chief Justice; overturned many of Marshall's decisions
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Events!

Question Answer
Election of 1800Power transfers peacefull from Federalists to Republicans
Louisiana PurchaseDeal with Napoleon doubles the size of the US
Impressmentthe act of "hiring" American sailors into the British navy
the Embargo Act of 1807Jefferson halted all trade with European nations
War of 1812at the end of this dispute, nothing was settled
Treaty of Ghentrestored the status quo that existed before the War of 1812
Battle of TippecanoeUS troops burn the Indian village of Prophetstown
the Panic 1819the first major depression of the new United States
Marbury v Madisongave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review
Dartmouth v Woodwardreinforced the power of contracts in the US
The Missouri Compromisekept the balance of free and slave states; restricted slavery north of 30N
Sentamentalisma literary movement that encouraged emotion
Monroe Doctrinea warning to Europen nations to stay out of American affairs
the Tariff of 1823a tax on imports that aided Northern industry, but hurt the Southern economy
Erie Canalcut travel time from Buffalo, NY to the Atlantic Ocean
Indian Removal Actmade all Native Americans move west of the Mississippi
Nullificationthe notion that a state can ignore a law it feels is unfair
Trail of Tearsthe forced march of the Cherokee nation; 20% of the people died
Worchester v Georgiathe court upheld the Cherokee claim to their land: it didn't help
the Panic of 1837a depression that was partly caused by Jackson's war with the Bank of the US
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First American Parties

Question Answer
Loose interpretation of the constitutionfederalist
Anti slaveryfederalist
Stronger central gov.federalist
Did not support westward expansionfederalist
More supportive to industrialism and banks and merchants instead of farmingfederalist
Supporters lived largely in the Northeastfederalist
Closer relationship with Great Britainfederalist
Strict interpretation of the constitutiondemocratic republicans
Pro slaverydemocratic republicans
More power to states and feared a strong central govdemocratic republicans
Agricultural interestsdemocratic republicans
Many were former anti federalistdemocratic republicans
Opposed a national bank claiming it was against the constitutiondemocratic republicans
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War of 1812

Question Answer
Term for forcing american sailors to serve for the british navyimpressment
Two prominent war hawks to urge war against great britainhenry clay of kentucky and john c calhoun of south carolina
President that did not believe that america was ready for a war against the britishjames madison
Four reasons the US declared war on great britainimpressment, violation of US neutrality, and forcing US ships to go through british ports, and they believed great britain was stirring up native americans out west
The US war planto hold canada until great britain surrendered
General harrison with 3000 troops defeated the british and their american indian allies in this pivotal battle that ended the british hold on the northwest territorybattle of the thames
Andrew jackson and the cherokees defeated the british and the creeks at this battle which led to the writing of the composition "the star spangled banner"battle of fort mchenry
Ended the war and gave all conquered land backtreaty of ghent
Battle that came weeks after the signing of the treaty of ghent and led by andrew jackson was a big psychological win for the americans and andrew jacksonbattle of new orleans
Party that opposed the war and fell apart after the signing of the treaty of ghent and the victory at new orleansfederalist party
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New Constitution, New Governement

Question Answer
Location of nations first capitalnew york
Law that constructed the judicial branch with six supreme justices one being the chief justicejudiciary act of 1789
First attorney generaledmund randolph
First secretary of statethomas jefferson
First secretary of the treasury departmentalexander hamilton
First secretary of wargeneral henry knox
First chief justice of the supreme courtjohn jay
Ratified in 1791 to protect civil libertiesbill of rights
Wanted to tax importsjames madison
Collected import duties and angered southernerstariff of 1789
His plan included a tariff, payment of war debt, and the establishment of a national bankalexander hamilton
These states opposed the national gov paying war debts cause they had alreaady paid theirssouthern states
He suggested that the capital should be moved southalexander hamilton
They designed the capitalandrew ellicott and benjamin banneker, an african american surveyor
Hamilton argued that what article gave the government the right to establish a national banknecessary and proper clause of article 1
Gave the US access to the mississippi, and agreed to give up claims to land east of the mississippi except florida and allowed merchants into new orleanspinckeny's treaty
Sent by washington to end the dispute between the miami confederationgeneral anthony wayne
Treaty in which the british agreed to leave their forts in the northwest territory already outlined in the treaty of paris 1783jay's treaty
In response to the US's neutrality in the revolution, the french sent three delegates to meet with the US diplomats instead of them meeting with the french foreign minister which caused much anti french sentimentxyz affair
The good that came from the xyz affairthe US built up its navy and army for the quasi-war with france
To prevent the democratic republicans from gaining to much strength john adams, a federalist, made what to change the residency requirements to 14 yrs before becoming a citizennaturalization act of 1789
Stated that if you are suspected to be helping a country that is at war with the US then you can be deported back to that countryalien enemies act of 1789
Made it unlawful to make false, scandolous, or malicious statements against the government which raised problems being a violation of the first amendmentsedition act of 1789
Democratic republicans response to the sedition act which stated that the states had the right to declare a law null or void if the states declared the law unconstitutionalvirginia and kentucky resolution
After washingtons death this french leader declared a 10 day mourning period of peace for the USnapolean bonapart
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