Es 3 midterm

eshapeesha's version from 2016-04-17 20:59


Question Answer
in eurasia what kind of axis is thereeast west axis, allowing for rapid transfer of tech, culture, and methods
in africa and america what kind of axis is therenorth south axis, making transfer of tech difficult
difference between rice and corn transferrice started in asia and traveled to east asia and spain, corn started in mexico and stayed there bc in eurasia the whole thing is a northern temperate zone making transfer easier


Question Answer
microbethe fittest of germs to adapt to a circumstance
contagionthe spreading of diseases from person to person through direct or indirect contact
how were contagions transferred handling and eating meat, could be in saliva and tranferred through cough.
how come eurasians had immunityeurasians built immunity first since they were the first to domesticate animals


Question Answer
where is mesopotamia, who, city states between the tigris and euphrates. sumerian, babylonian, and assyrian people. large city states included babylon, urok, and and ur
irrigation in mesopotamiacontrol water in rivers by building dykes, canals, submerging plants
what plants did mesopotamia have wheat, millet, barley. irrigation made the water salty though so they lost wheat and millet
sig mesopotami first to fall bc of enviro manipulation
mesop warfarereligion, territory, water rights


Question Answer
ancient egypt depended on _______ for waternile river
eras of egyptprotodynastic, old kingdom, middle kingdom, new kingdom each w increasing central authority
ways of grouping (most egalitarian) band- 10 person group, like the ones in space odyssey; tribe- bigger than band, has some sort of leadership; state= strong leader, serves people in exchange for money (most kleptocratic)
how was royalty treated in egyptpharoahs recieve tributes in pyramids for example great pyramid of khufu. but there was corruption


Question Answer
change in tech chinaduring neolithic period they made the move to using sophisticated tools, herding, and agriculture
first chinese domesticatessilkworms, peaches, citrus, ducks, rice, pigs, chicken, water buffalo which gave rise to dynastic culture
chinese architecturegrand canal of china to control water, great wall of china to keep mongols out.
chinese cultureinfluenced by culture of the rest of east asia, lots of warfare so they create martial arts such as kung fu
  = gilgamesh
Question Answer
epic of gilgamesholdest story ever written down (2000 bce), use clay tablets and cuneiform. it's about king of urok who is great, young, and oppressive. then the sky gods fight him and defeat him with a prostitute allowing gilgamesh the king to gain wisdom
how was writign standardizedaccounting
first to writemesopotamian sumerians because they were the first to amass grain so they needed to keep track. the first thing ever written was a recipe for beer
what would people write onclay tablets, papyrus, parchment, and paper from china in eurasia. since all of these are from eurasia, writing was harder and spread less in the americas

indus river valley

Question Answer
where was the indus valley civzsaraswati river and indus river valley. it was the biggest civz area wise
cities in indus river valleyharappa, mojendo daro
technology indus river valleysymbols for writing, advanced urban planning, pottery and metallurgy, trade w mesopotamians, domesticated animals.
why did the idus river valley civz end aryans attack or the indians could have over exploited the area through deforrestation bc they needed fire for brick, overgrazing, couldve been a drought causing them to move where there is water, flooding, earthquakes.

bronze age

Question Answer
how does technology progresstech builds upon itself as an autocatalytic process- if other inventions weren't in palce successionary ones couldnt be around.
bronze age/ iron agemetal fabrication using soft metal ore, furnaces, allowing for sedentary society and the use of bronze which made an artisan class that was materialistic.
iron oremore shapable and hard than copper. it was used until the industrial revolution.
what should the book be namedgerms, iron, guns


Question Answer
how did greece live w naturecoexisted, peacefully.
greece people/ cultureminoan culture in 2000 bc. they were in crete and had egyptian/ mycenean influence
what did the myceneans dohorse, tech, trade; trade w minoans
when were greeks around2000 bc- 300 bc, lived on the islands in the mediterranean sea, during the bronze age, construct alphabet from sumerian symbols.
greek foodsheep, goats, pig, cows, wheat, barley, rice. but crops were difficult so they mainly cultivated olives and grapes and had a lot fo hutn and gather.
architcture and culture greecegrand temples and city states. had free time so there was lit, poetry, historical writing, logic, math. peak of culture= paraclean (400 bce) athens is where people studied, worship nature
greek governmentdemocrary, slavery,


Question Answer
roman empire languagelatin
war romansruthless but bring peace to the areas they conquer
how did the romans treat the environmentenviro manipulation bc need wood, brick, fire. make seeders of lebanon extinct, air pollution bc mine lead and metal, extinct animals
roman peacepax romana, cessation of civil wars and expansionary wars. there were specialized workers, conquer britain, pacify mediterranean civil war.
roman endbad rulers and invasions from huns,
religion romanspaganism


Question Answer
polytheismbelief in many gods (ex- paganism)
dualism1 bad, 1 good god.
monotheism1 god
judaismhebrews lead by moses, god gives him 10 commandments that they follow. in the afterlife people will be closer to god.
judeo christian traditionculture follows rules of those religions, ok w enviro manipulation

dark ages

Question Answer
early middle ages/ dark ages/ midieval agespost greco roman there was a period of cultural destruction from barbarians. lasts until renaissance. christianity spread a lot
why did christianity appeal to peopleeasily understandable, followable, codified by papacy, powerful means of social control
feudalismduring dark ages, clergy works w lords and everyone else is a serf or peasant.

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